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Dictionary > an verbs

    Here's a quick overview with translations. For family, examples and more check the details.
  • anbacken
    (an verb)
    1.
    to pre-bake
    (An quick initial baking without baking it fully)
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    2.
    to bake on, to adhere on
    (Something getting stuck to a surface while baking. Think pizza cheese and the baking paper.)
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    see details >
  • anbandeln
    (an verb)
    1.
    to flirt with, to start "fooling around"
    ("anbandeln mit" - It's a colloquial term about the beginning stages of an affair. Like maybe a deep flirty talk or a first date. It's NOT just a flirty look at the bar. Always used with "mit".)
    How useful:
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  • anbauen
    (an verb)
    1.
    to till, to plant
    (for food plants)
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  • anbehalten
    (an verb)
    1.
    to keep on
    (For clothes, instead of taking them off.)
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  • anbeißen
    (an verb)
    1.
    to bite
    (for fish on a hook)
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    2.
    to get hooked
    (In the sense of falling for a bait)
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    see details >
  • anbeten
    (an verb)
    1.
    to worship, to idolize
    (The German word sounds more intense than the English translations. It's what you do with a God or Godess. )
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  • anbieten
    (an verb)
    1.
    to offer
    (This is for all kinds of direct face to face offers.)
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    Opposite: fordern
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  • anbinden
    (an verb)
    1.
    to bind, to tie
    (tie an object or animal so something)
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    Opposite: abbinden
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  • anblicken
    (an verb)
    1.
    to look at
    (Out of date and sounds like from a fairy-tale or cheesy romance novel. Mainly used in the context of eye contact, so not for someone looking at an object.)
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    see details >
  • anbraten
    (an verb)
    1.
    to stir fry, to sauté
    (Giving something a quick roast, without frying it completely. )
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    see details >
  • anbrechen
    (an verb)
    1.
    to start, to begin
    (pretty much only used for long time periods. Sounds rather epic.)
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    see details >
  • anbrennen
    (an verb)
    1.
    to burn
    (in context of cooking, something burning in the pan, oven or pot)
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    2.
    to go wrong
    (colloquial, mostly used in combination with a negation)
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    see details >
  • anbringen
    (an verb)
    1.
    to put up
    (Mount something to a wall, like a frame or a shelf. Sounds a bit technical and "ranmachen" is more common in daily life.)
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    2.
    to bring up
    (Somewhat rare option for bringing up a topic or argument in a discussion.)
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    see details >
  • andauern
    (an verb)
    1.
    to be ongoing
    (sounds a bit formal, usually for negotiations or stuff like that)
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    see details >
  • andenken
    (an verb)
    1.
    to start thinking about something/in a direction
    (It's like the first thoughts of thinking about a new field or option. So it's not merely about starting, but making your first steps in new terrain. Sounds a bit stiff, though.)
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  • andeuten
    (an verb)
    1.
    to insinuate, to suggest, to imply, to hint
    (Sounds neutral. Can go either way, so it can be negative or positive.)
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    see details >
  • andichten
    (an verb)
    1.
    to invent a story about someone
    ("jemandem etwas andichten" - always in a negative sense.)
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  • andrehen
    (an verb)
    1.
    to turn on (by turning)
    (Think of a faucet or a heater that you turn on. )
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    2.
    to screw closed/tight
    (Not very common, but technically, the verb can express screwing something closer to something else. "festschrauben" is the better word 99% of the time.)
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    3.
    to sell someone something
    (Colloquial term for selling someone something they don't really want by being super pushy.)
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    see details >
  • androhen
    (an verb)
    1.
    to threaten something
    ("jemandem+Dat etwas+Acc androhen" - it's pretty much making a direct, specific threat to someone. So if you use it for a storm threatening an island it would sound like "Yo, island, who you looking at... Imma mess you up!")
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    see details >
  • andrücken
    (an verb)
    1.
    to press something onto something
    (Mostly used in context of glueing something.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • andünsten
    (an verb)
    1.
    to lightly braise
    (Braise something quick, for a short time.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • aneignen (sich)
    (an verb)
    1.
    to get into one's possession
    (for things it sounds a bit like stealing)
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    2.
    to learn
    (for skills, usually for self study, both meanings are ALWAYS reflexive)
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    see details >
  • anerkennen
    (an verb)
    1.
    to recognize,to ackowledge
    (In the sense of giving credit to something. NOT for noticing. And yes... it's a double prefix version of "kennen".)
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    see details >
  • anfahren
    (an verb)
    1.
    to start driving
    (The moment when the car starts moving. The spoken past is built with "sein" for this meaning.)
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    2.
    to bump into
    (In the sense of a car accident. Usually involving a cyclist or a pedestrian.)
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    3.
    to bark at someone
    (Colloquial term for suddenly snapping at someone.)
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    4.
    to have as a stop on the route
    (A technical term mostly used in context of harbors. Not needed in daily life.)
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    see details >
  • anfallen
    (an verb)
    1.
    to attack
    (Sudden, primal, physical, unexpected and with some “weight” behind it. NOT for armies or professional fighters.)
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    2.
    to accumulate, to accrue, to arise
    (The core idea is "turning up" and it's used in context of costs, work or wastage of some kind.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • anfangen
    (an verb)
    1.
    to start, to begin
    How useful:
    Opposite: aufhören
    see details >
  • anfassen
    (an verb)
    1.
    to touch
    (ONLY with hands. NOT metaphorically. Sounds less "tender" than "berühren")
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    see details >
  • anfechten
    (an verb)
    1.
    to impugn, to appeal, to challenge
    (Pretty much ONLY used in the context of officially challenging a court ruling.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • anfertigen
    (an verb)
    1.
    to craft by hand
    (sounds a bit technical, only for hands-on work, not for writing or music)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • anfeuchten
    (an verb)
    1.
    to dampen, to moisten
    (NOT for making really wet. )
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    see details >
  • anfeuern
    (an verb)
    1.
    to light, to fire up
    (For an old coal fired stove or oven.)
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    2.
    to cheer on
    (In the "sport" sense of shouting "You got this, go go go" and so on. The person cheered is the direct object.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • anfordern
    (an verb)
    1.
    to solicit, to request, to order
    (Usually used for documents and sounds pretty bureaucratic. Absolutely NOT for ordering food.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • anfressen
    (an verb)
    1.
    not nibble at
    (Think of a what a mouse does with a carrot. The ge-form "angefressen" is a colloquial term for being slightly annoyed.)
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    2.
    to gain through eating
    ("sich+Dat etwas anfressen" - colloquial and only used in the context of gaining weight through eating.)
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    see details >
  • anfreunden (sich+Acc mit)
    (an verb)
    1.
    to become friends with
    (For people "Freunde werden" is more common)
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    2.
    to warm up to something
    (this use is more common)
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    see details >
  • anfühlen (sich)
    (an verb)
    1.
    to feel
    (ONLY in the sense of leading to a perception, NOT about having one. For example, a surface feeling smooth. The self reference always needs to be there!)
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    see details >
  • anführen
    (an verb)
    1.
    to lead
    (In the sense of being the leader of a movement or pack. The person calling the shots and being at the front line. Sometimes also used for the leader in a competition. )
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    2.
    to bring up
    ("etwas anführen" - bringing up a fact or argument in a debate or discussion. Sounds a bit formal and boring.)
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    see details >
  • angeben
    (an verb)
    1.
    to provide, to enter, to give
    (formal word for giving information in context of forms, surveys, press conferences, etc.)
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    2.
    to show off, to brag
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    see details >
  • angehen
    (an verb)
    1.
    to be someones business, to concern
    ("etwas+Acc geht jemanden (Acc) etwas/nichts an" - super common.)
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    2.
    to come on, to turn on
    (A device turning on itself or coming on when you do it. It's not used for YOU turning on something. Also works for fire. The opposite is "ausgehen")
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    Opposite: ausgehen
    3.
    to approach, to start solving, dealing with
    (For projects or problems. Fairly common in the office world.)
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    4.
    to snap at someone
    (Rare, slightly formal sounding.)
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    5.
    to fight against
    ("angehen gegen" - not for actual battles, but fighting unfair treatment, crime or something like that. Has a vibe of "taking measures".)
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    see details >
  • angehören
    (an verb)
    1.
    to belong, to be part of
    (Only in contexts of belonging to a "group", like a species, a tribe, a cult or a political party. The group is in Dative case.)
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    see details >
  • angewöhnen (sich+Dative)
    (an verb)
    1.
    to make a habit of something
    ("sich (Dative) angewöhnen"... if we take it literally, it would be "to wean something on to yourself")
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    see details >
  • angiften
    (an verb)
    1.
    to spit venom at someone
    ("jemanden+Acc angiften" - When you're being verbally hostile toward someone, without being super aggressive. Think of two coworkers who don't like each other at the team meeting.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • angleichen (an)
    (an verb)
    1.
    to adjust, to level with
    (The idea is that you try to make something equal or balanced again. Like raising a price for milk after all the supermarkets around you have raised it already.)
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    see details >
  • angraben
    (an verb)
    1.
    to hit on someone
    (Colloquial, sounds a bit "unrefined".)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • angreifen
    (an verb)
    1.
    to attack
    (sports, wars, any kind of non physical attacks)
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    Opposite: abwehren
    see details >
  • angrinsen
    (an verb)
    1.
    to grin at someone, to smile at someone
    ("jemanden+Acc angrinsen" - It's a nice smile, but with a little bit of mischief or joker-vibes. Think of someone teasing you in a friendly way. )
    How useful:
    see details >
  • angucken
    (an verb)
    1.
    to look at
    (Looking at something as well as looking someone in the eye.)
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    2.
    to watch
    (Usually in context of talking what you want to watch in the future. Not common to talk about what you're watching or have watched.)
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    see details >
  • anhaben
    (an verb)
    1.
    to have (switched) on
    (For devices, like for instance having the radio on, or having the engine running while standing in front of a building. )
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    Opposite: aushaben
    2.
    to wear
    (All clothes, except hats and glasses, pretty much. VERY common in daily life. )
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    3.
    to harm
    ("jemandem+Dat etwas anhaben" - only for harming people and pretty much only used with modal verbs, mainly "können". Pretty much never actually conjugated by itself. The word there is "verletzen".)
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    see details >
  • anhängen
    (an verb)
    1.
    to hang, to attach
    (Also used in context of email attachments)
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    2.
    to hook up
    (For trailers and caravans. NOT for the sexual hookup.)
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    3.
    to frame someone, to pin something on someone
    ("jemandem etwas anhängen" - you "hang" a bad deed onto someone, that they haven't actually done)
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    see details >
  • anhalten
    (an verb)
    1.
    to stop, to bring to a halt
    (In context of stopping a directed movement, often driving. NOT for stopping an activity (aufhören) and also not for a superhero stopping a villain (aufhalten).)
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    Opposite: losfahren
    2.
    to continue
    (Only used in a few contexts, usually for circumstances persisting. Think rain that just won't stop.)
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    3.
    to implore, to push toward doing
    ("jemanden anhalten zu" - not forceful. Sounds like you're trying to convince with pleas and arguments. Not very common overall.)
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    Opposite: abhalten
    4.
    to ask for marriage
    ("um jemandes Hand anhalten")
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    see details >
  • anhauen
    (an verb)
    1.
    to ask someone for something
    (Colloquial term used in context of asking friends for some sort of favor. The prepositions are usually "für" or "um")
    How useful:
    see details >


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