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Dictionary > verbs

    Here's a quick overview with translations. For family, examples and more check the details.
  • (d)raufgeben
    ((he)rauf verb)
    1.
    to give upward
    (The literal meaning of handing an object upward. Think of handing a screw driver to someone on a ladder. "hochgeben" is more idiomatic overall, I think.)
    Value:
    Opposite: runtergeben
    2.
    to put on top of
    (Can be "draufgeben" or "raufgeben". Think of asking an ice cream vendor if they can add some chocolate sirupe on top. Sounds a bit formal, though and "(d)raufmachen" is the more common choice.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • (d)raufkriegen
    ((he)rauf verb)
    1.
    to get up
    (In the sense of managing to move something up somewhere. Think of moving a heavy couch.)
    Value:
    2.
    to get on top
    (Very colloquial. Used in context of getting a topping on your food.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • (d)raufsteigen
    ((he)rauf verb)
    1.
    to get on (it), to climb on (it)
    (Getting or climbing onto a thing that has been established before. Can be a simple table or a bike. Rare for a mountain. More common in the sense of "stepping on", but that's regional. Either "rauf-" or "drauf-" but pretty much never "herauf-".)
    Value:
    Opposite: runtersteigen
    see details >
  • (d)rüberlaufen
    ((he)rüber verb)
    1.
    to walk across
    (Think of a bridge. With "rüber", the focus is a bit more on A to B, with "drüber" it's on being on it while crossing. But that is some C-Level nuance.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • (d)rüberstellen
    ((he)rüber verb)
    1.
    to put something over there
    (ONLY in the literal sense of putting an object from one "side" to another. Think of putting a chair over into the living room or moving the mirror out of the way, or something.)
    Value:
    2.
    to put over/above
    ("drüberstellen" - Literally putting something over something. Think of a table over a door in the floor, for example. Can also be "rüberstellen" but "drüberstellen" is more common, because it's about the resulting position, not the motion.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • (d)runtersetzen
    (he(runter) verb)
    1.
    to sit down
    (In the sense of switching seating places from somewhere up to down. Think of someone sitting on a table then switching to the floor. Usually used with a self reference - "sich+Acc runtersetzen".)
    Value:
    Opposite: hochsetzen
    2.
    to reduce in price
    (Especially "runtergesetzt" is pretty common in daily life conversations. )
    Value:
    Opposite: hochsetzen
    3.
    to sit down under it
    (In the literal sense of taking a seat under something. Like, think of a tree during a rainfall. Usually used reflexively - "sich+Acc druntersetzen". )
    Value:
    see details >
  • (da)hintersteigen
    (hinter (sep))
    1.
    to climb to the rear
    (Technically, it can mean that, but I doubt you'll see it in real life any time soon. Maybe for climbing to the backseat of a car from the front.)
    Value:
    2.
    to understand something
    ("dahintersteigen" - the "da" often gets split off and moved elsewhere. Pretty similar to "durchsteigen", but this one is more about one particular "mystery". Think of a magical trick that you can't understand how it's done.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • (dr)unterziehen
    (unter (sep))
    1.
    to put something underneath
    ("sich+Dat etwas unterziehen" - in the sense of clothes. Both "runterziehen" and "drunterziehen" work, but "runterziehen" sounds a bit weird.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • (he)rausbekommen
    ((he)raus verb)
    1.
    to get out
    (In the literal sense of managing to get something out of somewhere.)
    Value:
    Opposite: reinbekommen
    2.
    to find out
    (Usually implies a big of digging or at least some sort of secret.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • (he)rausbrechen
    ((he)raus verb)
    1.
    to break out of
    (In the sense of you breaking something out from somewhere, in a literal sense. Spoken past is with "haben". )
    Value:
    2.
    to break out, to fall out
    (For something breaking out by itself. Think for instance of a tooth filling. NOT for breaking out of conventions or jail. That's "ausbrechen")
    Value:
    see details >
  • (he)raussteigen
    ((he)raus verb)
    1.
    to climb out (to rise out)
    (Super literal and barely ever used, except in epic contexts. That's why it's usually also with "her-" and not just "r-". Maybe think of a queen slowly leaving a pool. For most contexts, "rausklettern" is more idiomatic.)
    Value:
    Opposite: reinsteigen
    see details >
  • (he)rumschlagen
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to deal with (a hassle)
    ("sich+Acc rumschlagen mit" - think of a tricky excel problem that you deal with for like three days. Needs to be used in this phrasing, so with self reference and "mit".)
    Value:
    see details >
  • (he)rumsitzen
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to sit around
    (In the figurative sense of sitting around, not literally sitting around something like a table.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • (he)rumspielen
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to play around
    Value:
    see details >
  • (he)rumtrödeln
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to dilly-dally, to dawdle
    (Sounds more "extended" and time wasting than just "trödeln". )
    Value:
    see details >
  • (he)rumziehen
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to move around
    (Either moving around town with friends, or in the sense of moving from settlement to settlement. Think of a circus for example. Though in the latter context, "umherziehen" is more idiomatic because.... reasons #reasonsarethebest)
    Value:
    see details >
  • (he)runterkommen
    (he(runter) verb)
    1.
    to come down
    (Works in a factual sense of "going to a lower altitude" but also for coming down from some sort of "trip", be it from stress, anger or drugs. For numbers, "runtergehen" is the more common choice.)
    Value:
    Opposite: hochkommen
    2.
    to get run down
    (The adjective "heruntergekommen" is more common.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • (her)vorgucken
    (vor verb)
    1.
    to peek out, to stick out
    (An object peeking out from a cover. Think of a unicorn trying to hide behind a bush, but the horn sticks out.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • (her)vorholen
    (vor verb)
    1.
    to bring out, to take out
    (Take out something you had in your pockets (or personality). "hervorholen" is more probably a bit more common.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • (sich) ernähren (von)
    (er verb)
    1.
    to feed, to nurture, to nourish
    (ONLY for food. Not in figurative contexts)
    Value:
    2.
    to eat
    ("sich+Acc ernähren von" - Sounds a bit technical but still, it's fairly common in daily life, especially in context of special diets.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • abändern
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to modify, to alter
    (Make small changes or adjustments in a bigger whole. Think of changing a route slightly or shifting around a few slides in a presentation.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • abarbeiten
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to work, to get done
    (For a heap of work that you slowly "ablate" through work. )
    Value:
    2.
    to work off
    (Paying a debt through work.)
    Value:
    3.
    to wear oneself out with working
    ("sich+Acc abarbeiten an+Dat" - fixed phrasing for the idea of putting a lot of energy into a difficult and maybe futile endeavors. )
    Value:
    see details >
  • abbauen
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to take down, to deconstruct
    (methodically remove something that was built, like a stage or a tent)
    Value:
    Opposite: aufbauen
    2.
    to decompose, to reduce, to break down
    (for substances and energies)
    Value:
    see details >
  • abbeißen
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to bite off, to take a bite
    Value:
    see details >
  • abbekommen
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to get a share
    ("etwas abbekommen von" - sounds a bit clumsy and needy, so don't use it in a professional business context.)
    Value:
    2.
    to get hit
    (Same idea as before, only that now you get a share of something you didn't want. Think of someone throwing mud at party. )
    Value:
    3.
    to (manage to) get off
    (The idea is that you're succesfully trying to get something of from somewhere. Think of a sticker from a car. )
    Value:
    see details >
  • abbestellen
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to cancel
    (ONLY for subscriptions where something is sent to you - either mail or a newsletter. Does NOT work for Netflix, for example.)
    Value:
    Opposite: bestellen
    see details >
  • abbiegen
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to turn
    (In the sense of changing direction in traffic. The directions "left" and "right" are connected either with "nach" or just "plain" - "(nach) links abbiegen")
    Value:
    see details >
  • abbilden (auf)
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to depict
    (Capture in pics, sounds a bit formal)
    Value:
    2.
    to map, to transform
    (In the mathematical sense)
    Value:
    see details >
  • abbinden
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to tie off, to untie
    (Pretty much only in the context of losing the leash or a dog from a tree. Most other contexts will be "losbinden".)
    Value:
    Opposite: anbinden
    2.
    to bind, to thicken
    (For binding a sauce!!)
    Value:
    3.
    to put on a tourniquet, to secure
    (Put on a pressure bandage or tourniquet. You "bind off" that body part or artery.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • abblasen
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to blow off
    (ONLY for literally blowing an object off from somewhere. SUPER rare!!)
    Value:
    2.
    to cancel, to call off
    (Colloquial phrase for cancelling an event or project.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • abblättern
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to peel off, to flake off
    (Pretty much only used for paint.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • abbleiben
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to stay/remain off
    (in the sense of "not attached")
    Value:
    2.
    to be
    (Pretty much only in questions for the location of an object like "Wo ist ... abgeblieben?")
    Value:
    see details >
  • abbrechen
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to abort
    (In the sense of "stopping an ongoing process". NOT for abortions in context of pregnancy.)
    Value:
    2.
    to break off
    (in the literal sense of breaking something off of something)
    Value:
    see details >
  • abbremsen
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to brake
    (Sounds a bit more sudden than "bremsen" but the difference is mostly based on what's idiomatic in a context.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • abbrennen
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to burn down
    (Not for burning something completely, but rather burning to the "foundation". Can be a building or an incence stick. If you "abbrennen" something, the spoken past goes with "haben". If something "abbrennen" by itself, it goes with "sein".)
    Value:
    see details >
  • abbringen (von)
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to talk sb out of sth
    ("jemanden (Acc) von etwas (Dative) abbringen); always needs to come with the von-part.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • abbuchen
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to debit
    (Lit.: "to book off" - it's when some other party draws money from your account. NOT for you withdrawing cash at an ATM.)
    Value:
    Opposite: überweisen
    see details >
  • abdanken
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to demit, to abdicate
    (The formal term for ruler officially stepping back. Can be a king but also a government. Sounds big. Für single politicians, "zurücktreten" is the better choice.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • abdecken
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to cover, put a cover over
    (so that others can’t see it or so that it’s away from the air or the rain)
    Value:
    2.
    to cover
    (for topics)
    Value:
    3.
    to remove a roof
    (Think hurricane ;))
    Value:
    see details >
  • abdichten
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to seal
    (A leakage of some kind.. NOT for sealing documents.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • abdrehen
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to turn away
    (For boats and planes only.)
    Value:
    2.
    to turn off
    (For water and colloquially also electricity. )
    Value:
    3.
    to screw off
    (For lids. Rarely actually used.)
    Value:
    4.
    to wrap up
    (In the context of finishing filming a movie.)
    Value:
    5.
    to go crazy
    (Colloquial, often in a positive sense.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • abdriften
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to drift of, to get carried away
    (Works in the literal sense of a piece of wood drifting in a stream, but the main use is for going of on a tangent in thoughts or a conversation.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • abdrücken
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to pull the trigger
    Value:
    2.
    to pay money
    ("abdrücken (für)" - very colloquial and usually in contexts where you think something is quite a lot of money.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • abdrucken
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to print
    (With a focus on the fact that it'll be published. Think of a juicy celebrity photo and the editors are debating whether they should print it.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • abduschen
    (verb)
    1.
    to give a shower, to shower off
    (The focus is a bit more on getting something off. Think of getting of the mud after a mud bath. The verb always takes the person or thing you shower as a direct object, so if you do it to yourself it's "sich+Acc abduschen".)
    Value:
    see details >
  • aberkennen
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to revoke, to abjudicate, to strip
    (Officially taking a title or privilege from someone. Not necessarily the direct opposite of "anerkennen" because that one is more about accepting reality.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • abernten
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to harvest, to reap
    (Slightly technical term that includes the idea of completion. So you harvest a field or tree completely. )
    Value:
    see details >
  • abfahren
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to start driving
    (With a focus in leaving. Often used for trains leaving a station. For starting your car ride, "losfahren" is the better choice.)
    Value:
    2.
    to dig, to really like
    ("abfahren auf+Acc" - quite colloquial and not easy to use idiomatically, because it doesn't always work.)
    Value:
    3.
    to drive off
    (In the sense of leaving a highway.)
    Value:
    Opposite: auffahren
    4.
    to drive along
    (ONLY in the sense of driving a full course of something, usually in a context of some sort of inspection.)
    Value:
    5.
    to drive down
    (For mountains and hills and primarily used in context of biking or skiing.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • abfallen
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to decrease, to drop, to decline
    (For certain metrics like quality, energy, performance and voltage, but it's overall pretty rare. You need to know the idiomatic phrasings.)
    Value:
    Opposite: ansteigen
    2.
    to descend, to slope down
    (For terrain only. And it's what the terrain does, not what you do on the terrain. )
    Value:
    Opposite: ansteigen
    3.
    to come out of, to be yielded
    (Mainly for financial gains or other compensations. The benefits are what does the "abfallen".)
    Value:
    4.
    to fall off
    (Something literally falling off of something. Think of a bumper of a car, for example. Also for figurative loads that fall off of you. If the focus is on hitting the floor, then "runterfallen" is the better choice.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • abfangen
    (ab verb)
    1.
    to intercept
    Value:
    see details >


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