What is the Difference – “antworten vs. beantworten”

Hello everyone,

and welcome to our German Word of the Day.
And today, we’ll actually talk about two words because it is WITH-day.
That’s short for “What is the Hifference”-Day, and it should totally be WITD-Day, but who the heck is supposed to pronounce that.
Anyway, the words we’ll look at are

antworten and beantworten.

 

They both mean to answer but there’s a really important hifferen… I mean difference. And that lurks in the dark forest of grammar…

Let’s take a quick look at English first.

  1. I’ll answer the question.
  2. I’ll answer you.

Those sentences look like they have the same structure, but from a German perspective, they do not. Because only the second one can be translated with antworten.
The reason why it doesn’t work for the first one is that antworten can NOT take a direct object. You cannot antworten a question. If you want to do that, you assistance of everyone’s favorite word type: prepositions*. (*figurative speech, might not actually be everyone’s favorite word type)
In this case, you need auf.

  • Ich antwortedie Frage… WRONG
  • Ich antworteauf die Frage… correct

In the second example, on the other hand, we have the person we’re answering, and German treats that as an indirect object – so it is in Dative case. Which makes sense, because the person is the “receiver” of the answer and “receiving” the grand theme of Dative.
So this is a proper sentence:

And if we want to, we can combine it with the auf-part.

Now, beantworten on the contrary can take a direct object. In fact, it MUST HAVE a direct object.
And that’s actually a quite typical feature of the be-prefix, because it often changes verbs from either taking no object, or taking one with a preposition, to one that needs a direct object.
So if you want to answer a question… beantwortenis like “Lemmi go boss, I was borne for this shit.” and it gets the job done.

And oh, it also works if instead of a direct object we have a side sentence that fill the role of a direct object.

So in essence, the question we’re answering MUST be there in some form, either as the word Frage or a pronoun or a sentence.

And what about the person? Well, that works exactly the same as for antworten, so we can just plug it in in everyone’s favorite case: Dative*. (*figurative speech, might not actually be everyone’s favorite case)

It’s important to keep in mind, though, that beantwortenMUST the question in there in some form.
So suppose you want to start some good old fashioned relationship drama and you want to ask your partner this in German:

  • Where were you last night? Answer me!!

… which verb would you use, antworten or beantworten?
Exactly, you’d use antworten. Because beantworten would need a direct object.

Okay, technically we could make beantworten work, too…

  • Wo warst du letzte Nacht? Beantworte das!

But the version with antworten is definitely more dramatic :).
Cool, so that’s basically it now.
The main difference between antwortenand beantworten is the way the connect the thing they’re answering.

  • eine Frage beantworten
  • aufeine Frage antworten

And now it’s time for you to train a bit with the little quizz I have prepared, and I will pay my beers now and go home. I actually wrote this in a bar, because I have no internet at home since last Wednesday and it’s awesome.
Thank God, it’s still a couple or so years till Covid. No beers in bars and no internet at home… that would suck. If you read this before 2020 and you’re confused… don’t worry. You’ll understand.
Anyway, have fun with the quizm and if you have any questions or suggestions, just let me know in the comments.
I hope you liked it and see you next time.

4.719votes
Article Rating

for members :)

Subscribe
Notify of
guest
56 Comments
Oldest
Newest
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments