and welcome to a new episode of False Friends Explained, this time with a look at the words
sensible and sensibel
This pair can lead to serious misunderstandings when it comes to describing people and their character.
If your coworker tells you your new boss is extremely sensible, that’s great news. I mean… who wouldn’t want a sensible boss. This is great news, right?
If your German coworker tells you the new boss is “extrem sensibel” … well… you might want to bring some tissues to the meeting.
Because the German sensibel is all about being sensitive .
- “Warum ist Maria denn auf einmal so böse?”
“Ach die ist ein bisschen sensibel, was ihre Figur angeht.”
- “Why is Maria so pissed all of a sudden.”
“Oh, she’s a little sensitive when it comes to her physique.”
- Ich bin für Horrorfilme zu sensibel.
- I’m too sensitive for horror movies.
- Thomas ist manchmal sooo unsensibel.
- Thomas is sooo insensitive sometimes.
(as in “lacks tact”)
- Der Workshop soll die Teilnehmer für das Thema Datenschutz sensibilisieren.
- The workshop is designed to raise the participants’ awareness/“sensitize the participants” for the topic data security.
- Der Job als Notarzt ist nichts für Sensibelchen. (slightly dismissive)
- The job as a doctor in the emergency room is not for sensitive plants/flowers.
People and their feelings and character are the number one context for it but it’s also used in a broader, technical sense.
- Die Lenkung ist sehr sensibel.
- The steering is very sensitive.
- Diese Creme ist für sensible Haut.
- This creme is for sensitive skin.
Saying “sensible skin” would be a typical mistake for a German speaker. I have said that myself multiple times. In my case, it’s not a mistake, though. My skin really is sensible. Like… a few months back all these pimples spawned on my forehead so I was like “Hey skin, I know we’re stressed but could you stop with the pimples?” and my skin was like “Why?” and I was like ” That’s not helping with picking up girls.” and my skin was just like “You have a girlfriend, remember?!?!.” That’s how sensible my skin is. So awful.
But I digress, so sensibel means sensitive. And the big question is what happened? Why don’t sensible and sensibel line up?
Well, the origin is obviously the Latin word sensus and already back then it was sense in the sense of sensual perception as well as sense in the sense of making sense.
Wow, that was a lot of sense in one sensesense. I … I mean sentence :).
Anyway, the adjective sensible (or its older version) could express that “someone is capable of sensing” as well as the idea that “something can be sensed” and the more conscious variation “something can be understood, comprehended”. That’s how the whole angle of reasonable came in.
English got the word about 600 years ago from old French. It slowly refocused on the idea of reasonable and left much (not all) of the perception angle to sensitive.
German also imported its sensibel from French. But it did so about 300 years later and what’s more important – it imported it in a very specific context: the context of medicine. German sensibel was first used to talk about patients feeling pain or reacting to treatment. It didn’t take long before it made its way into every day vocabulary but the whole aspect of logic and reason is missing completely because it was never part of the word in German to begin with.
So, no one really “messed up” the meaning this time. German kind of missed out, but don’t say that out loud… German is a little sensitive with this ;).
And what about sensible? How do we translate that? Well, it depends on context. If sensible is used in the sense of reasonable, then the best word is vernünftig, if the focus is on purely having some sense, then you’d say sinnvoll.
- Verglichen mit ihrer Schwester ist Maria ein sehr vernünftiger Mensch.
- Compared to her sister, Maria is a very sensible person.
- “Noch ein Bier?”
“Nee, ich muss vernünftig sein und schlafen gehen.”
- “Another beer?”
“Nah, I gotta be sensible and go to sleep.”
- “Siri, warum ist die Welt so ungerecht?”
“Das ist keine sinnvolle Antwort.”
- “Siri, why is the world so unfair.”
“That is not a sensible answer.”
But sensible also still has the perception angle in it, so if it is used in the sense of perceivable/detectable then you’d use merklich or fühlbar or spürbar; in a technical sense even messbar.
- Der neue Laptop fährt merklich schneller hoch, als der alte.
- The new Laptop boots up sensibly/noticeably faster than the old one.
- Die Spannung zwischen Maria und Thomas war spürbar.
- The tension between Thomas and Maria was sensible. (You could feel the tension [in the air] between Thomas and Maria.)
And I think that’s it. Oh… hold on there’s a call… Akira from Kyoto in Japan, welcome to the show.
“Hello Emanuel, thank you so much for taking my call. I have question if I may.”
Of course Akira, go ahead.
“So, I learned in my course empfindlich as sensitive. Is that synonym for German sensibel or are there differences?”
Great question! I totally forgot about empfindlich. It is really similar to sensibel and in the context of people you can more or less interchange them.
- Thomas ist, was seine Frisur angeht, ziemlich empfindlich/sensibel.
- Thomas is pretty sensitive/spiky when it comes to his hair-do.
In more technical sense of perception, detection, empfindlich is the more idiomatic pick and there’s the noun die Empfindlichkeit which is much more common than Sensibilität...
- Ich bin nicht sehr hitzeempfindlich. (sensibel wouldn’t work here at all)
- I’m not very sensitive to heat.
- Mein Telefon hat ein hochempfindliches Mikrofon. (sensibel would work, too, but empfindlich is better)
- My phone has a highly sensitive microphone.
- Wo kann ich die Empfindlichkeit von meinem Touch Screen runterstellen?
- Where can I lower the sensitivity of my touch screen?
And then there’s the noun die Empfindlichkeit, which is much more common than die Sensibilität.
“So if I use sensibel just for people I’m on the safe side?”
Yeah, I’d say yes. I feel like there are some more subtle differences but I can’t really put my finger on it right now. I hope I could help anyway.
“Oh yeah, definitely. Can I ask one more question?
“What about sensitive? Does German have that, too?”
Well, I think it exists in some technical jargon but in daily life you’ll pretty much only see it as part of hygiene product names … you can get an impression with this Google image search, if you’re interested.
“Haha… awesome. Thank you so much.”
Thank you for calling. And to all of you out there, thanks a lot for tuning in. This was our look at the false friends sensible and sensibel.
As always, if you have any questions or suggestions or if you want to try out some examples, just leave me a comment.
I hope you liked it and see you next time.
** vocab **
sensible – sinnvoll (making sense), vernünftig (reasonable)
sensibly – fühlbar, merklich
sensitive – sensibel, empfindlich, empfindsam (sounds positive)
das Sensibelchen – the sensitive plant (slightly mocking)
die Sensibilität – the being sensitive (for people)
die Empfindlichkeit – the sensitivity
sinnlos – pointless, senseless
unsensibel – insensitive (in the sense of having no tact)