German Review of the Day – “Intuitive vocabulary”

Hello everyone,

and welcome to a review special. In these specials I review something that has to do with language learning, be it an app or a website or a book. Today it’s a book and it deals with… learning vocabulary. Ugh.
Learning vocabulary. That brings back memories…

“And on Thursday we’ll do a little vocabulary quizz, so make sure you to
learn the words on page 121.”

“WHAAAAT? 20 French words in 3 days is too much… oh and why are we speaking English in French class.”

I really hated it in school. And I think few people really enjoy it.  Learning vocabulary – the mega chore of language learning.
But just like the Super Micro Pore space tested Sponge can clean out burnt milk just without detergent and water the book we’ll look at today can make learning new words as easy as eating… almost.

The book is essentially a dictionary but with a little twist. And that twist is: etymology . Now… I know, etymology doesn’t exactly have much sex appeal. And plays close to no role in language learning. But etymology is actually pretty cool and it can be tremendously, incredibly, super mega helpful. Why?
Well, sometimes words are hard to pin down. They have various translations that seem to have very little to do with each other. Etymology can help us understand that and show us the common root that all the diverse meanings grew from. So etymology helps understand and “feel” words.
The best thing is this though… etymology doesn’t only tell us where a word comes from, it also let’s us see relatives of a word in other languages. So called cognates. And that’s where etymology gets incredibly helpful. New information sticks in our minds better if it is connected to stuff that’s already there. And if a new German word links up with a word of our mother tongue we already know… well perfect. We have something to connect it to, even if the translation is something else. In fact … let’s do a test…

  • das Vieh lifestock/cattle

Looks random… but

  • Vieh is related to fee. And before the ascent of money  cattle was an common way to pay a fee 

Now we have pictures in our minds and the word Vieh actually makes sense.  I’m sure, you’ll still know this by the end of this post. Das Vieh means cattle because it was used to pay a fee.
So… I think etymology rocks. And many of you have left comments saying that they like the etymological bits in the posts.And that’s why I’m sure many of you will really really love the book

 

“Intuitive Vocabulary – German” 

 

The author, Azzan Yadin-Israel, discovered just how helpful etymology can be back when he was learning German. That experience stuck with him for decades and he felt that too many people are missing out on this great help. So he got to work. And the result is amazing. A dictionary that gives you the related word and the translation as well as some other useful German words with that base.
Here’s how it works. For each German word we get the English sibling.
For example:

das Haus – HOUSE

The sibling is not always the translation though, so there’s the actual translation too:

kaufen – CHEAP (related word)  || to buy (actual translation)

And the book doesn’t stop there. It also gives us a neat little explanation of how the words relate to each other and how they changed. Here’s the one for kaufen

Until the 16th century, an inexpensive purchase
was “a good cheap,” i.e., “a good buy.” The surname
Kaufmann is vocational: a businessman, merchant (the
English equivalent is Chapman).

Or let’s take another example:

fressen – FRET ║ eat, devour (said of animals)

To fret is, figuratively, to be “eaten up from within.”
The s of fressen appears in FOSTER, which originally
meant “to feed.” Remorse, like fret, is a word that
denotes a negative emotion but derives from a
physical

That’s really cool, isn’t it… ESPECIALLY because it is not as exhaustive as a normal etymological dictionary with all the abbr. and Ie. and weird letters from old Germanic or Norse and the references to Old Greek and Indo-European and so on. It gives us all we need… a  nice little bridge from one word to the other and from the word to the meaning. Just as the title claims… it’s intuitive. And that’s what makes it so helpful.

Another nice feature is the order of the book. There are many correspondences between certain letters or sounds in German and English. A b in German is often f or v in English or a German g is a i or y. Azzan has organized some of the entries based on these relations. That way, you can get a feel for it and if you feel like an English word might fit in one of these patterns you can look it up somewhat quickly (the alphabetical order is based on the German words).
In a second part, which is about one third of the book, the book rearranges all words by categories such as arts and leisure,  movements and change, commercial activity or food and cooking, which can be really useful if you’re at a loss as to what words there are or if you want to cover one field systematically.

How many entries does the book have? I don’t know. I’d say between 400 and 600.  That doesn’t sound like much but it’s 400 to 600 CORE words. Zimmer, schnell, bringen, Fluss, lassen… these kinds of things. With those you can build lots of compounds or add diverse endings and prefixes to make new words. So in reality you get thousands of words. Oh and you get training. Because once you start looking at etymology and related words you’ll get a sense for it and you’ll start spotting relations yourself.
Another difference to a standard dictionary is that Intuitive Vocabulary doesn’t always list ALL possible translations for a word.Only the important ones and sometimes even an important one might be missing. But that’s totally okay because that is not the purpose. The purpose of the book is not to look up the meaning of words. The purpose is to look up an anchor for words, a hook. Something to make them stick. Or as we would say in German…

  • Ein Buch voller Eselsbrücken.
  • A book full of mnemonics/memory hooks. (lit.: donkey bridges)

You have a word you can’t seem to remember? Well, check the Intuitive Dictionary and maybe that’s just the link you needed. I mean.. what does Vieh mean again ?
Damn right. Cattle. Because cattle was used to pay a fee. (seriously, did you still know it??)
Even if you’re not searching for something in particular, the book can be quite fun to just look through for a few minutes. There are lots of surprising relations between German and English and maybe you end up learning 5 new words just because you  make your loved one wait in front of the bathro… wait… I think I mixed something up.
Anyways… I really think that this book is a great help for anyone who wants to learn German and definitely worth the money. The Kindle edition is some 4 bucks and the hard copy is below 10 $… it’s really “kauf”. You can get it at Evilempire.co…uh… I mean at this likable cute little online book retailer around the corner. And of course you can take a thorough look inside there, too, if you want more examples

Azzan Yadin-Israel – “Intuitive Vocabulary – German ” on Amazon

Buy it. And spread the word. And leave a nice review over at Amazon, if you like it. Azzan is working to do the same for other languages like French, Dutch or Spanish so your feedback sure would be extra motivation. He’s doing this as a hobby after all, which is super impressive.
So that’s it. That was our review of the Day
Oh wait. There’s one more thing… actually 3 things. Azzan has sponsored 3 paperback copies of the book for you. And since not everyone reads this at the same time, it wouldn’t be fair to do “first come first serve” so here’s what we’ll do:

Leave a comment and complete the following sentence: 

I ♥ etymology because ______ .
(hint: it doesn’t need to make sense)

The 3 comments with the most “likes” next Monday  Tuesday will get a book.
(If no one likes anything I will use a very complicated mathematical scheme to determine the winner… or I’ll just pick randomly :)

So… leave a comment and let me know what you think about the book and whether you agree that these things should be used in teaching much more and if you want to win, tell us why you love etymology.
I’m out for today.
Hope you liked it and see you next time.

for members :)

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Sean Dail
Sean Dail

I love etymology because it makes the meanings stick.

Michelle Hunter
Michelle Hunter

I love etymology because it satisfies my crazy need to know where everything comes from!

mmirandaalex

I love etymology because it reveals the true sense of the words.

German Learner
German Learner

I love etymology because the etymology of etymology is from the Greek for “word of true sense” but it really shows “true sense of words.” Meta. (Building on mmirandaalex)

German Learner
German Learner

Also, Moday?

Andrew
Andrew

I love etymology because it doesn’t need to make sense. (Literal interpretation of the instructions :p)

Roland

I ♥ etymology cuz she sexy. Damn straight.

Jack
Jack

I <3 etymology because Science. Yeah, even in language learning, I feel like I get a rational to it and I get the amazement of science. (And I want this book !! :-D )

raskolnikov6

I liked that of “feel the words” and I would really like to know more of this feeling, you have improved that feeling on me by writing all those prefixes and verbs and particles like noch, doch etc… And you always try to explain where the “word” comes from.. thats really nice, I wanna learn in that way… congrats and keep on doing this. :)

Jeff F
Jeff F

I love etymology ’cause it helps me get back to my Indo-European roots.

Mauroz77
Mauroz77

I ♥ etymology because I’m so excited and I can´t hide it. I’m about to lose control and I think I like it (the book)

Heiko
Heiko

Etymology is like history, because , like how understanding history is crucial to understanding today’s world, understanding etymology is crucial to understanding and learning a language.

Heiko
Heiko

Hmm, the email I got said to fill in the sentence: Etymology is ____ because _____. So that’s why mine is different.

Lourenço
Lourenço

I love etymology because it puts History to another perspective. The way words evolve and relate to each other reveals culture, beliefs, fears, traditions. Languages are entities of their own, always shaping and being shaped, its only true master is the collectiveness of human mind.

Nicholas Tamagna
Nicholas Tamagna

etymology is essential because it answers ALL linguistic questions (the what, why, where, when, and how).

Nicholas Tamagna
Nicholas Tamagna

oh and sometimes the who.

roopigott

Loving this recommendation. Just bought it and it’s immediately brought a smile to my face. Great connections between languages, and makes the memorisation and understanding of new words so much easier.

big thanks

r

Jake
Jake

I love etymology because it makes it promising now for me to realistically and truly get over the vocabulary barrier in German-learning.

Daniel
Daniel

I love etymology it is the least terrible attempt at making an irrational thing (language) sort of rational.

It also builds really nice bridges between the knowledge and gives a whole new insight and perspective to linguistical evolution side by side with culture and gives a small peek into the human mind.

Daniel
Daniel

Just to add to that, I really find etymology of grammaticalisation of the language, the nouns, the morphemes etc. to HUGELY help with remembering so much of the language. It’s no help to remember simply that prepositions like während, aufgrund, wegen, anstatt etc. technically require the genitive (some more than others), but knowing that they were once adverbialised nouns helps a lot more. It is Auf Grund des bla bla bla, and An Statt der Sache etc.

It helps more to know masculine was the original gender, and when you don’t know if a made up or new word is anything, you can choose masculine if it doesn’t fit into the other boxes (obvious synonym, compound without the last word, non-noun turned into noun (das) etc.)

It helps to know how the strong verbs were formed to relate that to English and more simply memorise patterns, heck – it helps most people to know it’s Mädchen because of the diminutive ending.

It helps to know that accusative was originally used as a default case grammatically, when the adverb is a noun (Ich nenne dich einen Dummkopf, Ich frage dich eine Frage, Ich spreche kein Wort, Es liegt einen Kilometer in die Richtung, Den ganzen Tag musste ich mein Zimmer aufräumen… etc.) and not just for the direct object.

Etymology helps.

igorsrb

I love it because it shows how much we all are and were interconnected. My language and German have many of those links, and I am already using them in building my vocabulary. Few examples:

Unternehmer = unter (below) + nehmer (taker) = pod (Croatian – literally) / pred (Serbian, meaning “vor”) + uzetnik (one who takes) = preduzetnik/poduzetnik = enterpreneur

vorstellen = vor (pre-) + stellen (to put) = pred + staviti = predstaviti = to imagine (so, same roots, same way of building, same meaning) => nounified it’s Vorstellung – Predstava (also used for theatre plays, same as in German). BUT pretpostavka (which, by this logic could be something like f.e. Vorstellheit) is Annahme instead; BUT 2 – yet, it follows the same logic of “prefix plus verb (stem) or noun equals new noun”, therefore is easier to memorize)

Ausflug = aus (out) + flug (flight) = iz + let = izlet = excursion, trip

Abfall = ab + fall = ot + pad = otpad = trash

And there are many Germanisms in the northern parts which were strongly influenced by Austrian-Hungarian empire rule, who more or less changed its original meaning but are undoubtfully of German origin:

rindfleajš – Rindfleisch – Sunday 3-course lunch, mandatory with meat

šrafciger (pronounced like schraffzieger – sounds familiar?) – screwdriver

klešta is commonly known as cvikcang(l)e (zwick zange – pretty obvious)

Darius
Darius

I ♥ etymology because it shows the connections between words internationally and throughout time

LEO ODONGO
LEO ODONGO

I love Etymology because it saves me the time, energy and frustration of learning by rote (auswendig). Example 1 . It used to mix the names of the first and second neck vertebrae (atlas and axis). But after I learnt that Atlas comes from the name of a Greek god Atlas which was believed to be holding the earth in his hands, then I just know Atlas ( the first neck vertebra) is also holding the skull like the Greek god is holding the earth.
Example 2 Leukopenia: From Greek ,,Leuko” meaning white and ,,Penia” meaning poverty. So poverty of white blood cells, hence reduced number of white blood cells is Leukopenia.
Example 3 Buchstabe . Some old wise German man narrated to me that the German word Buchstabe comes from Buche ( name of a tree: beech tree) und Stab ( rod). It is said that the German black smith Johannes Gutenberg used the small rods from the Buche Tree to invent his printing machine in Europe.