German Prefix Verbs Explained – “unterstellen”

unterstellen-runterstellen-Hello everyone,

and welcome to another episode of Prefix Verbs Explained. Today’s verb will help you unfairly accuse people of stuff and take shelter from rain. Yup, I’d say that sounds just like the average meaning span of a German prefix verb :).
So let’s take a look at:

unterstellen

Stellen is to put. Well, actually stellen is a specific kind of putting and and there’s also setzen and legen but for today  to put is good enough. You can also combine stellen with a self reference. Literally, that would be “to put oneself” and that’s used as to stand in sense of getting into the state of standing.

Now, let’s get to the prefix unter, the sister of under, and that is simple and not so simple.
What’s simple about it? Well, unlike many prefixes it can only add one notion to a verb:  below-ness. And what’s not so simple? Well, unter doesn’t have two meanings, but it does have two grammars.  Ugh.  Unter is one of those that can be separable and inseparable.

the separable unterstellen

Like all separable verbs it has the stress on the prefix. So it’s

UNTERstellen.

 

In combination with a self reference, this is what you want to do if you’re outside and it starts pouring like crazy…

Though rain (or snow or hail) is pretty much the only context for this unterstellen, it’s definitely a useful word, at least in Germany because it rains a lot here. Especially last bummer .. I mean summer. Last summer was soooo rainy, it made me want to pack up my stuff and move elsewhere.
And that actually brings us right to the next meaning of  unterstellen. Wow, what a transition.
So, if you want to travel for a while you might be faced with the question what to do with your stuff. Be it your furniture, or just some boxes with things that are precious to you, or your plants…  what you could do is unterstellen them at a friend’s place.
I guess, to park is a good translation. Parking some of your stuff in some location other than your home.

It’s not for small things like a DVD or a book, and not for living things like a cat. Well, okay I’ve seen examples where people use it for horses but I’d suppose that most of you won’t need that.
Hey, did someone just say suppose?  Because what a coincidence – that leads us to the non-separable unterstellen. Damn,  this transition workshop I went to last weekend was really worth the 10.000 dollars :).

the non-separable unterstellen

It’s not immediately obvious but suppose is actually a literal translation for unterstellen.  Sub(sup) is Latin for under and pose comes from the Latin word for to put. And just like suppose, unterstellen is neither for real things nor for real putting. But the meanings of the two are different. Suppose is about making assumptions. Unterstellen combines making assumptions with making accusations.
It’s range is from insinuation to direct accusation and unlike beschuldigen (to accuse), it has a vibe of unfair, unjust. 

I hope you got some impression of how people use this verb.

Now, the non-separable unterstellen  actually has a second meaning… putting under in context of chains of command or hierarchies. But you’ll most likely only see the ge-form of that.

Cool.
And now that we know what kinds of abstract things you can do with the idea of putting under, let’s now get to the verb that you need if you actually want to put something under something…

(d)runterstellen

Unterstellen is one of those verbs where the r-version and the dr-version have a bit of a different focus. And that’s kind of cool because it’s actually good chance to learn (or review) something about the different focus of dr- and r- in general. Gotta love German.

German® – because even letters have a different focus.

R- has a focus on movement, change of locationDr- is more about a fixed location. These notions are not super fixed and they don’t always come to bear. But in case of unter, they do. And not only in combination with a verb.

runter expresses the idea of downward,
drunter expresses the idea of below/under something 

And these totally show in the verbs. Runterstellen is focused on putting something downward. That can be in the turbo literal sense of putting down an object but by far the more common use is in sense of “putting down” some sort of intensity.

Especially in context of computers (for lowering FPS, bit rate, brightness or other stuff) runterstellen is like THE word and I was surprised to see that it’s not listed in Dict.cc or Leo.org or Duden.
Now, would drunterstellen work in that context, too? The answer is a clear no, because drunter- implies that you literally put something under something and that wouldn’t make sense for a heater or the brightness of your screen.
Anyway,  drunterstellen is used in context of putting something under something.

And I think that’s it for today. This was our look at unterstellen. Check out the fact sheet for a short overview and if you have any questions about all of the or the all that  r-, dr-, dar-stuff just leave me a comment.
I hope you enjoyed it and see you next time.

Oh, by the way… the audio files for all posts that have audio can be downloaded as a zip-archive now. Click here for the archive for unterstellen

If you want to see all posts with audio, you can check out the category archive here. (I’ll add a link to the main page soon but for now the new archives are in beta)

Oh and one more thing… recently I’ve started wondering if the font is too small or not easy to read. Would you prefer the text to be a bit larger?? Let me know in the comments.

** unterstellen – fact sheet **

meanings – separable (UNTER-stellen)

– to take shelter (from rain)
(sich unterstellen.. always with a self reference)
– to store (heavy) stuff somewhere (usually at a friend’s place)
(etwas unterstellen)

meanings – non-separable (unterSTELLen)

– to accuse (unfairly, to impute)
(jemandem etwas unterstellen, jemandem unterstellen, dass…)

spoken past:
form of haben + unterstellt (nonseparable)
form of haben + untergestellt (separable)

related words:
die Unterstellung – imputation, supposition
unterstellt – subordinate
runterstellen – put downward (especially context of computers)
drunterstellen – put something under something else

for members :)

37
Leave a Reply

avatar
  Subscribe  
newest oldest
Notify of
jessica
jessica

Guten Tag!! I just received a scholarship for a 6 month subscription. Thank you so much to the donors out there and I look forward to learning more German here. Vielen Dank!

Ubungmachtdenmeister
Ubungmachtdenmeister

quick question that came up when I was reading this post. Totally unrelated other than the phrasing appears in one of the examples.
Leer machen vs alle machen both mean to finish or empty or do they? I wondered if one was more umgangssprachlich and preferred over the other or if they have clear distinct meanings and can’t be interchanged. If you already wrote an article on this then tut Mir leid. Du hast so viele geschrieben, dass ich kann mich nicht richtig erinneren, ob ich etwas hier gelesen hat oder nicht.

Grüß aus Schottland

Paul

Katrin Knauer
Katrin Knauer

To insinuate ist aber eher “andeuten”…schwaecher als unterstellen

Haefeli
Haefeli

I would say insinuate almost always has a negative connotation. You wouldn’t hear someone say “he insinuated that I was good at math.”

But insinuation also almost always means that someone implied something rather than said it. So “Du hast den Kaffee alle gemacht” would not be an insinuation.

Katrin Knauer
Katrin Knauer

No one would ever say that of me, that’s for sure :-)

Anonymous
Anonymous

Yes font is too low

Inge Aiken

WOW! this is so much more manageable. I look fwd to being about to stomach the whole platter you serve up, but until then this is perfecto! Danke schon! :-)

asmilwho
asmilwho

“ich stelle mich auf den Tisch
I stand up on the table”

I would say in English we could distinguish between

I stand up on the table = I am already sitting/lying on the table and then I stand up
I get up onto the table = I am standing on the floor and then I move onto the table

How would you distinguish the two in German?

Alan
Alan

Font size is absolutely fine, as is the typeface.

Judith Walters
Judith Walters

Is the “runter” in “runterstellen” a separable prefix? Is the written past [Präteritum(?)] “Ich stellte die Pflanze vom Fensterbrett runter.” And “Ich stellte jetzt erst mal einen Eimer drunter.” Or is this construction just not used in writing. Or is “darunter” used instead? Thank for another great blog.

Jen
Jen

Ja, persönlich finde ich das Schriftgröße ein bisschen zu klein. Oft zoome ich heran, um das Text einfacher zu lesen.

Kennst du übrigens Anki? Ich spiele mit dem Gedanken, einen Anki-Deck mit den Beispielsätze von deinen Blogposten zu schaffen. Ich würde auch gerne den Karteikarten deine Audiosamples hinzufügen, wenn du nichts dagegen hast. :)

Pane
Pane

Hello Everyone!Thank you Emanuel and to all the Donors for my 6 Months free Subscription!
This is a great Blog!It’s very useful and literally making the German language easy to learn :-)

Steven_Capita Chalk
Steven_Capita Chalk

That 10,000 you spent on a transition course – was that a Trump University course?

Great article a usual. Your work is invaluable.

eric3353
eric3353

Hello, new here. I’ve been struggling with the word “unterstellen”. In specific, I’m looking for a good way to say “refrain from doing”, but there doesn’t seem to be a general term, unless I’m mistaken. Any help?

Nicklas Kulczycki

It might be possible to use a “lässt sich nicht” construction to express such an idea.

Katrin Knauer
Katrin Knauer

Can you give some context or an example phrase? I really don’t see how “unterstellen” and “laesst sich nicht” are connected

eric3353
eric3353

Absolutely. And I think I’m mixing up unterstellen and unterlassen, so I apologize for that. Anyway, how about this: The pilot requests that all passengers refrain from moving about the cabin. Would there be a word “refrain” from this sentence that I could also use in a sentence like, I couldn’t refrain from laughing. ? Thanks a lot for your help.

Katrin Knauer
Katrin Knauer

With verbs, you would use “unterlassen” like this: es unterlassen, etwas zu tun. Or you take a verb and turn it into a noun, as in “das Rauchen unterlassen” (which would fit perfectly with your pilot/cabin sentence – “Wir bitten alle Passagiere, das Rauchen zu unterlassen”

eric3353
eric3353

thanks a lot!