Word of the Day – “zwischen”

zwischendurch-pictureHello everyone,

and welcome to our German Word of the Day. And this time, we will have a look at the meaning of

zwischen

 

Zwischen looks like the lovechild of wischen (to wipe) and zischen (to hiss) but it’s not. It is a preposition and it means between. The origin of both those words is the same … an old version of the word for 2… the German version is just… well, shhhh-er :). But we can do even shhhh-erer… just take the German imitation of birds noises… zwitschern. Imagine a German had invented Twitter… it would be called Zwitscher …”Hey follow me on Zwitscher“…
What? Where???
Zwitscher.. that’s German.. it is like ‘tsvittshair'”
“Oh… uh I.. I’ll check it out .” I doubt it would have been as successful. But back to our Word of the Day Zierfisch… uh I mean zwischen.
So zwischen means between and that works pretty much one to one… 

So far so good. What makes zwischen interesting are the many words that are build with it. The most obvious one is certainly dazwischen. If you already have an idea of the da-words (check those out here) you probably know that it means between that. Since you usually need more items than one if you want to put stuff in between dazwischen also means between those or in between

The next word is inzwischen and it looks like a direct translation of in between. However, it is not. Inzwischen is actually a time word… not super common but certainly one of the words that can really enrich your vocabulary. One translation is in the meantime or meanwhile.

However, German has other words to express the “parallel-ness” of events in time… derweil and währenddessen and those are the better choice for random things. Inzwischen sounds right in personal situations like the one in the example. But it has a second meaning and that is the more common one I would say. It is something like by now or since then.

So… it is still kind of in the meantime but in the meantime related to now and with a strong focus not on what happens but on the result… like… things happened in the meantime and so inzwischen(now) it is this or that way. It isn’t even really important what time span exactly… in the following example it is probably from the last meeting till now…

And here, we have no idea at all…

So.. sometimes inzwischen doesn’t really translate to a word but rather just transports the idea of change that has happened. That makes it quite handy in certain situations.

With inzwischen and a participle construction it is no problem to squeeze all that in front of the noun with the result that the German sentence is almost as short as the English one… what a success :).
All right.
The next word is also quite useful and it is also quite likely that you will see it if you spend time in Germany because marketing people love it… zwischendurch. What? Can a word that looks like your cat has walked across the keyboard really have any appeal? Like…

  • Ok… I need a claim… “Crunsh-crispies – Der Top Snack für zwisChenDur… hey damn cat… get off my computer…

But it does. You can find billion of ideas for Snacks für zwischendurch on Google( here...). So what is it with zwischendurch? Well, it is a word especially great for our multitasking society… zwischendurch means in between times or on the side. If you eat something zwischendurch, then it is not really a meal… it is the apple that makes you fat or the candy bar that keeps the doctor aw… hold on, something is wrong… meh anyway… if you do something zwischendurch you do it basically while you are actually doing something else or you make a quick break doing something else. Examples:

I  hope that gives you an idea of zwischendurch. Now… there are 2 things I want to mention, firstly zwischendurch and inzwischen are NOT synonyms. Inzwischen focuses on a change of sorts and it is usually used to compare past to present. Zwischendurch on the other hand is more a description of how or when you do something… like “in between times” or on the side. I don’t really find a better way to put it so if I am not clear just ask me in a comment and I’ll try to explain it better. Anyway… the second thing we need to be clear about is that inzwischen, zwischendurch and  dazwischen all have the same function in a sentence while the function of just  zwischen is completely different. Zwischen is always completed by a thing or a person. The other words NEVER are… you cannot say

  • zwischendurch mein Arbeit
  • dazwischen dem Tisch

Zwischendurch and the others are full answers to the question when? or where? for dazwischen.

Okay… now let’s look at  zwischen as a prefix. Okay… not really a prefix… more a part of a compound word. There is fair number of nouns that start with zwischen and it can add the idea of in between… a Zwischenruf is a shout in between… for instance during an opera (don’t do it) or a Zwischenraum is a very generic word for gap… it is space in between things. On a more abstract level zwischen can also add the idea of intermediate or not final... like… der Zwischenstop is not the final stop, das Zwischenergebnis is a result but not the final result, Zwischenmiete is a rental period but not a serious one and the … just a short term and so on.
Now… does this also work for verbs? Well, kind of … but the verb for Zwischenruf would actually be dazwiscHenruFe… hey, hey will you get off here you damn feline or kiss your “tun(a)ight” good bye… … … … … … did I just do that pun?
Oh man, this is so bad… I think I have to stop for today… so… this was our Word of the Day zwischen. It is a really deformed version of zwei and it means between. Also it is part of quite a few nouns and the base for 2 quite handy time words… inzwischen and zwischendurch. And to give you one last example…

If you have any questions or suggestions just leave me a comment. I hope you liked it and see you next time.

for members :)

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Nick
Nick

Hey Emanuel! Great post. I read it in class, then looked down at the reading I was *supposed* to be doing, and “inzwischen” was right there, but now I knew what it meant!

Just wanted to point out that we do have a way to say “der inzwischen geschlossenen Bar” auf Englisch: it’s as simple as “the now-closed bar”. I’m not sure if that’s *super* common, but you’ll definitely see it and it’s fine English.

Anonymous
Anonymous

Hi, GIE, would you please tell us what is the difference between mehr and eher? Or, if you are willing, please tell us how to use correctly mehr, eher, noch, weiter and zusätzlic? Perhaps these are stupid questions, but you have to forgive me, that as an orient if I don’t know too much about German it is quite nature.

Eero Kuusisto (@EeroK)

Ich hab’ einen Vorschlag für Word of the Day: Lassen!

This “semi-modal” verb is sometimes really confusing to me. When do you need to use it and when can you survive without it? Also the weird (compared to any other language I know) expression you use it in are probably confusing other language learners too. Like “Ich lasse mich scheiden”.

Ich muss sagen, dass dein Blog wirklich die beste Webseite für Deustchlerner ist. Zumindest für mich :) Ich habe dadurch so viel gelernt. Ich hab auch das Gefühl, dass irgendwie deine Schreibe mich leichter zu merken ist, als anderen. Weiß es zwar nicht, ob es wegen deiner schrecklichen Scherze ist, aber irgendwie deine Beispiele kann ich mich immer erinnern. Danke!

MadWorld
MadWorld

wow ich habe nie eine bessere erklärung als diese gefunden.ich danke dir sehr

es wäre ja auch toll wenn du eine erklärung zum theme nominalisierung…ich werde dir denkbar weil dieses thema so kompliziert ist

Anonymous
Anonymous

Ok, Ich versuche die Frage, die sich um “eher und mehr” handlet, zu beantworten. Ich finde diese Unterschied auch manchmal verwirrend. Also, man sagt im Englischen
“This is more of a dream than a reality”. Aber auf Deutsch man sagt “das ist eher ein Traum als Wirklichkeit. Im Rahmen dieser Konstruktion bedeutet eher “more”. Ausserdem kenne ich keine Aenlichkeiten zwischen eher und mehr.

Ausschlussklausel: Ich bin kein Deutscher sondern Amerikaner!!! Was ich hier gesagt hast ist nicht die unbedingte Wahrheit!

Lucius
Lucius

Guten Tag Emanuel, Herzlichen Dank für eine hervorragende WebSeite. Für zwischen wende ich ein Trick an.
Wenn ich zwischen mit ‘in the meantime + action verb’ nützen kann, dann wende ich inzwischen an.
Wenn ich zwischen mit ‘in parallel + action verb’ nützen kann, dann wende ich durchzwishen an.
Ist das sinnvoll? (is this the correct way of saying does it make sense?).
Freundliche Grüsse
Lucius

Lucius
Lucius

Zwischenruf: interjection (during a discussion) heckling (during a performance)
Zwischenergebnis: preliminary result.
both words are common and useful at least in english.

Anonymous
Anonymous

I’m late, but i want to write it, and i can be wrong:
i think zwie is zwei/two as in zwieback, doubled baked. So zwischen is “in be tween” or “bi in zwie” / in between?

Anonymous
Anonymous

Hi Emanuel! I’ve found this example from http://de.thefreedictionary.com/zwischendurch:

Wir haben um acht gefrühstückt und um sieben zu Abend gegessen und zwischendurch nur einen Kaffee getrunken.

-> In this case can I say instead “… und dazwischen nur einen Kaffee getrunken”, with “dazwischen” meaning “between those two times”?

Michaël Cadilhac

Hallo Emanuel! Kleine Frage für Dich: Ich habe heute meinem Mitbewohner gesagt: »Putze mal die Küche und ich werde inzwischen mein Zimmer aufraümen, gell?« Dann hat er mir gesagt, dass »inzwischen« nicht im Futur benutzt sein konnt, sondern nur »derweil«. Aaaah, wiesooo? Danke!

Deon
Deon

Sollte man immer zwischen A und B sagen?

Oder funktioniert zwischen uns auch?

Zum Beispiel : Er steht zwischen uns.