Word of the Day – “kehren”

Hello everyone,

and welcome to our German Word of the Day. This time, we’ll have a look at the meaning of

kehren

 

Ready?
Here it comes, brace yourselves… kehren is to sweep with a broom.
Whoop whooooooooooop.
Now you’re like “I got a vacuum cleaner, so I don’t need this.” But before you head over to Facebook, let me tell you… there another side to kehren.
And there, we have it all…  sex, cars, Gods. And wearing your shirt inside out.
Are you ready to jump in? Then let’s goooo..

So yeah, the meaning of the bare kehren  is what you do with a broom. But it’s not used that much, actually. At least not in the Berlin region.
Now some of you, who have been here, might be like “Oh Yeah, THAT is obvious. Berlin is friggin’ dirty.”
But I do NOT agree. Sure, it’s not sterile, but there are no piles of trash on the street like what I’ve seen in New York, and in summer, I sometimes walk around barefoot for hours. So relaxing.
Anyways, the reason why kehren is not that common here is that German has a second verb… of course. And at least in the north, people use fegen more. But hey, actually let’s not put too much time into this.
Let’s just look at some examples from the exciting world of floor sweeping.

Wow, Schornstein. Kachunk. Sounds sooooooo German!

[insert schornstein plus noise]

And the craziest part is that the main meaning of Schornstein is actually silk.

“Emanuel, Schornstein doesn’t mean Seide, I just looked it up. Could you stop wasting our time and tell us what kehren has to do with sex and cars?”
Okay okay, gee, you guys are so focused.

So, the reason why kehren is really useful is its second idea.

The flip-out side of “kehren”

And this might be one of the most iconic examples:

Yes, the second idea of kehren, the main idea, is turning. In contexts of  “inversion of direction of some sort”,  not mere rotation.
The bare kehren is pretty much never used in that sense, though. Maybe because German also has wenden and drehen.
It’s the nouns and prefix versions where the turning idea shines.
And it shines quite brightly, actually. Like… it’s pretty easy to spot :).

Wait, Kehrtwende?! Isn’t that kind of like turn-turn?  Like… why double?
I’m looking at you, German!!
“Oh, no motive-reason. I just felt like it.”
Oh, okay. Well, do what your heart tells you.
Anyway, an especially noteworthy prefix version is umkehren.
This one REALLY focuses on the inversion of direction. It’s really common for actual travels, but also works in abstract contexts.

  • “Warum wäschst du nie ab.”
    “Weil, du immer sauer bist.”
    “Nee!!! Umgekehrt wird ein Schuh draus. Ich bin immer sauer, weil du nie abwäschst.”
  • “Why do you never do the dishes?”
    “Because you’re always pissed.”
    “NO!!! You’ve got the cart before the horse (lit.: “Turned around  it becomes a shoe.”). I’m always pissed BECAUSE you never do the dishes.”

And from umgekehrt we actually only need to take a tiny step to understand why verkehrt is a synonym for falsch (wrong). Taken literally umgekehrt is literally “turned around”, verkehrt is based on the wrong-idea of ver and means “turned the wrong way”.

Generally, falsch is the more common choice for wrong though. For one thing, it’s shorter and has more punch. But it might also have something to do with the noun der Verkehr. This is UBER common and it has nothing to do with wrong.
Get ready for “Oh man, this language”-moment.
Verkehr is the German word for…. traffic.

And if you’re now like “Wait, I don’t get the last one… what does car traffic have to do with sex?”… well, to a German, this example is “””funny”””, because Geschlechtsverkehra word that sounds like an STD, is the German equivalent for intercourse.

Now, the big question is of course WHY Verkehr means traffic. Well, we’ve learned that kehren has something to do with turning in a sense of direction. The ver- here is most likely about the idea of “for” and the inspiration for the meaning traffic was probably the zig-zagging that traffic involves. Going here, going there, to and fro, back and forth. Sure, not the most compelling explanation, I know.
But hey, traffic comes from friction, so it’s based on the idea of things rubbing against each other. That’s kind of random, too.

Anyway, so there we have it,  the full  scope of kehren-words – sex, cars, gods, mistakes and t-shirts worn inside out… oh, hold on. Actually, I think, we forgot the god-part. That’s the context for  bekehren which means to convert in a religious sense. You get “turned”.

So yeah, I think we have a pretty good overview over kehren now and the only question remaining is what all that has to do with the original idea of sweeping the floorwe started out with. And the surprising answer  is… nothing.
It’s simply two distinct words that ended up having the same spelling.
Admit it, a small part of you is actually disappointed. A part of you wanted me to say something crazy like “Sweeping can include somewhat of a turning motion and, in a way, you do reverse the direction of the dirt…”.
But don’t worry. It won’t be long till the Rückkehr of mind benders :).

And that’s it for today with our look at kehren. As always, if you have any questions or suggestions, just leave me a comment. I hope you liked it and see you next time.

** vocab ** 

fegen, kehren – to sweep the floor
der Schornsteinfeger – the chimney sweep

der Schornstein – the chimney
die Kehrschaufel – the dust pan

die Kehrtwende – the turn around (often for plans)
kehrt machen – turn around (in context of walking)
die Kehrseite der Medaille – the flipside of the coin

zurückkehren – return
die Rückkehr – the return
zukehren – turn toward (only in context of body parts, mainly back and front)

umkehren – reverse direction
die Umkehr – the turning back
unumkehrbar – irreversible
umgekehrt – the other way around (synonym for “anders herum”)

verkehrt – wrong (synonym for falsch)
verkehrt (he)rum – the wrong way around

der Verkehr – the traffic
[insert one billion compounds here]
der Geschlechtsverkehr – the intercourse

for members :)

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Jim Munster

Ich habe gedacht, dass “Spätschicht” “night shift” bedeudet. Du nennst es “Waiter” auf Englisch. Ist Kellner oder Kellnerin anderes? Danke

RuthE
RuthE

Danke sehr! Ich mag “der Schornsteinfeger ” und “Eichhörnchenpartei” (schöne Worte, wenn ich sie aussprechen kann!) und auch Einhörner langsam nach Mitteleuropa zurückkehren. Es ist Zeit!! Oh! Apropos, “the streets are completely empty (like they’re swiped empty) – besser ist “swept empty”. Swipe vs sweep. :-)

Andrew
Andrew

tl;dr. (zl;ln?)

aber—
Ich erinnere mich an das erste Mal, dass ich Kafkas “Das Urteil” gelesen habe (für einen Kurs). Ich habe gefragt, ob er mit dem Ausdruck “unendlicher Verkehr” etwas sexuelles suggerieren solle. (geschrieben mit schüttelndem Kopf). Hm, so lange war das eigentlich nicht.

Wie auch immer.

Hat das Wort “Geschlechtsverkehr” Verbindungen, die den vom englischen Wort “intercourse” ähneln? zB sehr formell, ein Wort für einen Artyt oder SexßEd_ Ich hoffe, dass ich keine unangemessene Frage gestellet habe. Ich glaube, dass ich so etwas irgendwo vor einigen Jahren erfahren habe.

Marcin
Marcin

Doesn’t “Der Verkehr nimmt ab” mean it’s decreasing?

RichardR
RichardR

don’t forget “Heimkehrkönigin”…homecoming queen

Jane
Jane

Hallo ..Sorry to upstage German with another language but in Italian the word to sweep “scopare” is also the slang word for to make love…

graberstogermany

Just for the record, “intercourse” parallels “Verkehr” pretty well all around – nowadays it means sex pretty exclusively, but historically it also referred to traffic or just general social interaction, business, etc. Hence the town in Pennsylvania named Intercourse (where many amusing bumper stickers and postcards are sold).

I heard a story of a friend of a friend, a German learner at the time, who was late for something or other and apologized, explaining, “Ich hatte schlechten Verkehr” (not knowing the word “Stau,” apparently). She got some funny looks.

Barratt
Barratt

Du hast zweimal das Wort “Medallie” benutzt, aber ich kenne nur “Medaille”. War das ein Tippfehler?

matttk421
matttk421

Ich hätte gerne deine “Schornstein” album kaufen.

andreskortazar
andreskortazar

Emmanuel! Du machts mir IMMER lachen, mindestens zwei mal pro Post, danke sehr, wirklich, deine kleine Witze können einen schlechten Tag wiedergut machen.

Otto von Bismarck
Otto von Bismarck

Kannst du doch einen Artike, wenn an ,,zu” vor einem Verb zu machen???

Sebastian
Sebastian

Hallo Leute! Ich bin der neueste Mitglied von der Gemeinde. Und alles ist wegen euch.

Thanks to everyone that pays a little more, so people like me can enjoy this website :) We’ll see frequently here, so nice to meet you all!

stonekim@lawrence.edu
stonekim@lawrence.edu

Is it clear that “Du hast dein T-Shirt verkehrt rum an” means that the shirt is inside out, rather than backwards (“rückwärts”)?