German Prefix Verbs Explained – “eingehen”

Hi everyone,

and welcome to today’s German is Easy prep-meeting, sorry I’m late again.
   “Hey Emanuel.”
   “It’s just half an hour, man, you’ve done worse.”
Haha true… so let’s see who’s here… uh Laura, Steve, Jamal and me and of course our interns. You guys keep your mouth shut, though.
   “Uhm… okay.”
Nah kidding… of course you can speak up.
All right, so as far as I know our next show is gonna be about the prefix verb eingehen. I actually didn’t do much preparation except that I briefly looked it up in a dictionary but my god… to shrink, to arrive, to agree… it’s all over the place.
     “Yeah, it is one of those.”
So, did you guys find any logic in this mess?
     “Well, it does have a range of meanings but they’re actually not as random as they seem.”
Cool, then walk me through it, okay?

   “So, eingehen is a combination of ein and gehen. Gehen is pretty clear I think and ein is basically in, just in prefix form.”
Wait, why wasn’t it just in? Why’s the e there?
   “Oh, it’s just how it is, nobody really knows.”
Oh okay… so we have the combination of in and to go. Lemme guess … it doesn’t mean to go inside, to enter.
   “Damn right, it doesn’t.”

   “Well, it can mean to enter… just not in the literal worldly sense of entering a building but in some abstract cases. It’s quite rare though, so yeah, it makes sense to not think of it as to enter. But it does have something to do with in. Jamal, you can explain that better than I can.”
     “Sure, so we ran a principle component analysis on examples for eingehen and we were able to identify 2 and a half main ideas.”
Two and a half…  that’s not that bad actually…
      “Yeah, the first main idea is that of shrinking, becoming smaller.”
Uhm… lost me.
     “Well, think of it this way. When you grow, you kind of move outward and shrinking is the opposite…. you move inward.”
Hmmm… makes sense, I guess.
     “The thing is that this eingehen only works a a few very specific contexts. A T-Shirt can eingehen. That’s literally to shrink. The shirt goes inward. And then plants can eingehen  which means they wither and die.”
Oh, like… the plant becomes smaller, moves inward..
     “Exactly, that’s the idea. And this eingehen is also used metaphorically for people at times, usually in context of being really unchallenged and bored at your job…. do you wanna hear the examples?”
Yeah, definitely.

Okay, cool… just a quick thought… how about if we make that a skinny jeans instead of a T-shirt? Like… because it’s already super tight? Wouldn’t that be funny?
    “Uhm… it’s uh… let’s just keep the example as is, okay?
No problem…. so what’s the other main idea of eingehen?
     “That one’s even more abstract than what we just had. It’s about going in for some sort of offer.”
     “Yeah… a bit like in English where you can be “in” on a deal or something… just eingehen is about the moment of getting in. It’s really hard to find a fitting translation so we’ll have to hope that the examples clear it up enough. Here they are…”

Ah… I think I get it. But wouldn’t it make more sense to put the last example first? I mean, it’s super short and it’ s pretty clear about the whole “go in for an offer”-thing….
     “Yeah, we thought about that but the thing is that the auf in this example helps us transition to the  eingehen that’s probably the most useful of all of them.”
Uhm… what auf?
      “Well, it was auf das Angebot eingehen… “
Oh geez, auf eingehen… what a damn mess this language is…
      “Yeah, it’s pretty random… but anyway this phrasing eingehen auf is used in contexts of going in on some sort of topic….”
     ” … which, with a lot of mind bending, we can see as an offer… “
     “… exactly…. there’s some sort of topic on offer and you go in, you get involved, you engage… no idea if that helps. “
Hmm…  I think I need the examples.
     “Sure… hold on…”

Man, why can’t there ever be just one simple translation… so annoying.
     “Haha… it gets even better. This eingehen can also be used with people and then it’s REALLY hard to translate. eingehen auf someone can express the very general idea of not ignoring someone in sense of listening to them, caring about what they want… “
“… this couple stuff… you know… I mean… it’s not exclusively used in context of couples but it’s very common there…”
Let me guess… we have a Thomas-example here?
     “Haha… of course.”

All right… so let me recap that to see if I got it right… eingehen can express the idea of “negative/inward growing” but that one is only used for clothes and plants. And then eingehen can mean to go in on some sort of offer in the sense of accepting that offer and that offer can be a contract for instance but it can also be a topic of sorts, in which case eingehen is combined with auf for some stupid reason and last but not least this “topic” can also be a person and their thoughts and feelings… did I get this right?
     “Yeah, you nailed it.”
Ho-ly shit… I have a headache. Interns… who of you is on coffee duty today?
…. who of you is on coffee duty today?
       “Sir, that’s me Sir.”
Haha… at ease Private. What’s your name again?
        “Dakota.”
Dakota?! Like the…. hmmpfff… (*starts snickering)
        “What? Why is that funny?”
Hahah… nah, nothing…  it’s just… I just thought of this really, really dirty joke with an access pipeline …
      “Uhm… I don’t think I wanna be in on that.” 
Yeah… just forget it… uh… could you bring me a triple shot matcha almond latte real quick?
     “Sure. “
Thanks… so… were those all the meanings of eingehen?
     “Actually no, there’s a couple more… they’re pretty self-explanatory, though. Here are the examples:

Wait… these are actually the closest so far to the idea of going inside, entering.
     “Actually, yes.”
Well, shouldn’t we start the show with those rather than with the mind-bending-shrinking?
    “Yeah, you’re right… Laura, can you change the script accordingly.”
     “I’m on it.”

Cool. But that’s it with the meanings then, right?
     “Yes, that’s all… there might be a few here and there but we’ll leave those to the comments. We’d now transition over to the noun der Eingang which actually means entrance and give some examples with a few compounds with it.”
     “Wait, do we actually need those? I mean… what’s the purpose of spending time on Eingangstür or Hintereingang… our audience is super smart and they can figure these out.”
 “Hmmm… I guess you’re right… so no Eingang-compounds. But I’d kind of like to keep Posteingang. I think that’s kind of useful.  How about these two examples?”

     “Perfect, let’s take those. Now… what are we gonna do about eingangs?”
   “Ah right, I forgot about that.”
Wait, what’s eingangs?
     “Man Emanuel, you really didn’t prepare at all.”
Sorry!
     “Eingangs is an adverb that expresses the idea of “at the beginning’. It’s usually used when someone refers back to what they have said in the beginning of a text or monologue. Like… a very common phrasing is 

which means 

  • As I laid out in the beginning… 

And is it useful in daily life?
     “Not really, it’s more for writing.”
Let’s not address that then and instead go right to

The r-version

     “No need to yell, Emanuel .. hahaha”
Haha… the excitement just overwhelmed me. So .. Laura… any unpleasant surprises with reingehen?”
     “No, it’s a super standard r-version and means to go inside. Really nothing to explain there. But we should use at least 3 examples, just because it is so common “

     “And maybe you could stress again that even though it’s just one letter difference, eingehen would sound confusing as shit in that context.”
“Language, Laura.”
     “Sooooorry… so yeah… then we’d wrap up…  quick summary, telling them to leave questions in the comments, wishing a nice day … the usual stuff.”
Sounds good! So Laura, you will do the changes to the script, right?
     “Yup.”
Cool, and I’ll throw a few jokes in there… nothing funny, just some dumb puns.
     “That’s what you do best.”
I know. Everyone has a talent. So…  Steve… how is it? We’re done here, right?
     “Yes, great work everyone, thanks a lot!  We’ll see each other after lunch with the 39th meeting on the position of nicht part 2”
Ugh… awesome… NOT!
    “You know what I was thinking… imagine one of these meeting was accidentally broadcast on air.”
Gee, that would down in history as the meta-est thing ever. 
     “Haha, yeah…. wanna get Korean food?”

** eingehen – fact sheet **

meanings:

to die (for plants)
to shrink (for clothes)
to arrive (for mail, rare)
to enter, agree (for relationships and deals like a contract)

spoken past: 
form of “sein” + eingegangen

written past:
ging- ein /einging-

related words:

der Eingang – the entrance
eingehend – extensive, thorough, “going into the matter”
reingehen – go inside
eingangs – in the beginning (high brow, usually in context of referring back to something you said in the beginning of a speech or something)

for members :)

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Jake
Jake

What’s the best translation of the following exchange?

Thomas: I’ll bet you $10 that Bayern scores two goals in the first half.
Maria: I’ll take that bet.

Thomas: Wetten, dass Bayern zwei Tore in der ersten Halbzeit schießt. (where does the amount go?)
Maria: Ich gehe (auf?) die Wette ein.

Lisa
Lisa

In the context of going in on a deal or a contract, would you use that if, as an example, my siblings and I will “go in together” to buy a gift for my parents?
That is, we’ll share the cost for a single gift?

person243
person243

Very creative. Refreshing style, I like it. You never seize to surprise me.

I think the other meanings of “eingehen”, that for example Duden lists, are not really that useful. Most of them are really formal and just sound silly in a normal conversation.
I use “eingehen” often in the “to wither” sense. It has a good tone of slowly and unpleasant. It is good in combination with “förmlich”. And it was really hot today: “Ich bin draußen förmlich eingegangen.” = “I positively died out there.”

I think the adjective “eingängig” is interesting. It means “catchy” as in catchphrase and it uses the “ein” not as the prefix form of “in” but as the 1 “ein” At least I think it does. It is kind of “one way-y”, no running in circles and nothing unneccessary. But maybe I am wrong. It might also have been formed from “eingehen” which has a lesser meaning of understanding. Anyway, here are some examples:

“Ich suche nach einem eingängigen Werbeslogan.” = “I am looking for a catchphrase for our advertisement (lit. a catchy advertisement slogan).”

“E = mc², ja das ist sehr eingängig, damit überzeugen wir auch den letzten.” = “E=mc², yes that rolls off the tongue easily, with that we’re going to convince the last one.”

“Ba, ba, ba, baaah, ba, ba, ba, baaah. Gut gemacht, Beethoven. Sehr eingängig, das kommt bestimmt gut an.” = “… Well done, Beehoven. Very easy on the ear, that is definitely going to be a hit.”

“Eselsbrücken müssen eingängig sein, damit man sie nicht vergisst.” = “Mnemonics have to be catchy so you won’t forget them.”

person243
person243

*cease

Anonymous
Anonymous

Person243. Can you tell me the difference between eingängig and einprägsam in terms of “catchy”?

Roberto
Roberto

Very good explanation and I think that starting with the most far – off meanings from “going, getting in” was better so as to grasp the different meanings and keep reading till the end. Besides, when I put the meanings in Spanish, my native language in my vocabulary list, I noticed that they were not so apart from each other as to make them difficult to remember them, Thank you Emmanuel!

perra-arrabalera
perra-arrabalera

Ich habe den Eindruck dass du mit einer Persönlichkeitsstörung leidest!

Könnte auch “eingehen” für Tiere benutzt werden? Für Biene zum Beispiel?

evabara
evabara

Great article, as usual! I love how you explain words that I definitely come across regularly but never think to look up because they look so innocuous, and it turns out that they have all these unexpected meanings!

Was wondering if you could do a post on the word “ja” as a particle some time, like in the example “Lass uns im Park treffen. Wenn’s regnet, können wir ja dann irgendwo reingehen.”

Vielen, vielen Dank :)

berlingrabers
berlingrabers

“Get into something” is a good equivalent for “auf etwas eingehen” when it’s about an issue or topic of discussion.

– Ich gehe später nochmal genauer darauf ein.
– I’ll get into that [in more detail] later.

Also, it’s in the fading-out bit at the end, but “go down in history” is definitely THE idiomatic translation for “in die Geschichte eingehen.”

How would you compare “eingehend” with “gründlich”?

Claudia
Claudia

Ich liebe diese Seite. Danke schon!

NN
NN

Please help me to translate “Project manager” to pure German words.
The best I came to is “vorlageverwaltung” but it is not what I need:)
Any ideas?
Thank you all.

Sarah
Sarah

Hallo! Ich werde diese Nachricht auf Deutsch zu schreiben versuchen, also tut mir leid, wenn es ein bisschen seltsam ist! Ich möchte eine großes Dankeschön an die Person sagen, die für meine Mitgleidschaft bezahlt hat. Ich bin sehr dankbar weil ich deises Blog liebe:D Ich bin in der zehnten Klasse und ich habe seit vier Jahren Deutsch lernen. Ich hoffe eines Tag fleißend zu sein! Vielen dank von Sarah!

Anonymous
Anonymous

Hi,

what is the difference between ausführlich and eingehend?

Thanks

Elle
Elle

Thank you so much, Emanuel and those who payed a little extra for my sponsership to get the membership. It was honestly very kind of you all to lend me this opportunity to learn German in a much easier fashion. Again, I can’t thank you all enough!!

barratt
barratt

Ich hab’ schon mal das Wort “einlaufen” im Zusammenhang mit der Wäsche gelesen, aber “eingehen” noch nie. (Klar, “gehen” ≈ “laufen”. Macht Sinn.) Könntest du vielleicht kommentieren, welches Wort gebräuchlicher/umgangssprachlicher/regionaler/etc ist? Gibt es überhaupt einen Unterschied?

Mit freundlichsten Cheerskies,
Barratt