Dictionary verb ab verb *sed- setzen absetzen


to take off
(For things you wear on your head; e.g. glasses, hats, hoods and headphones. "abnehmen" also means that and is a tiny bit more common in daily life.)
Opposite (closest): aufsetzen
to cancel, to stop
(For tv shows and medicine like antibiotics.)
Opposite (closest): ansetzen
to drop off
("jemanden+Acc absetzen" - Used on context of giving someone a ride but "rauslassen" is more common.)
to deduct
("absetzen von" - in the context of taxes.)
to settle
("sich+Acc absetzen" - for yeast and other small particles in a liquid)
to set oneself apart from
("sich+Acc absetzen von" )
to flee
("sich+Acc absetzen" - a "quiet" kind of fleeing, without any drama or action.)


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Word Family

Root: *sed-

The core idea of this root was


Today, the majority of members of the family are about a somewhat broader sense of “putting down”.
Here’s a little (incomplete) overview:

  • to sit, seat (“sitting”)
  • saddle (“seat”)
  • to set (“putting down”)
  • settle (“sitting down for camping”)
  • soil (“where your settlement is”)
  • session (“the sitting”)
  • seance (“the sitting”)
  • siege (“sitting in front”)
  • sediment (“dust settling”)
  • possess (“sit on”)
  • obsess (“sit on, occupy”)
  • sedate, sedative (“settling”)
  • assist, assistent (Originally, a person sitting next to the judge)
  • assess (see “assist”, originally an assistant responsible for determining fines)
  • size (see “assess”)
  • cathedral (Originally, it was a scholar’s chair, the root is the “thed”- part)
  • chair (comes from cathedral)
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