called tx

Dictionary > um verbs

    Here's a quick overview with translations. For family, examples and more check the details.
  • (he)rumschlagen
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to deal with (a hassle)
    ("sich+Acc rumschlagen mit" - think of a tricky excel problem that you deal with for like three days. Needs to be used in this phrasing, so with self reference and "mit".)
    How useful: coming soon
    see details >
  • (he)rumspielen
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to play around
    How useful:
    see details >
  • (he)rumziehen
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to move around
    (Either moving around town with friends, or in the sense of moving from settlement to settlement. Think of a circus for example. Though in the latter context, "umherziehen" is more idiomatic because.... reasons #reasonsarethebest)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • (he)rumbringen
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to pass
    (colloquial for passing time)
    How useful:
    2.
    to bring over/by
    (casual for bringing something to someone's place )
    How useful:
    see details >
  • (he)rumtragen
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to carry around
    (In a literal sense primarily used on context of not wanting to carry something around. Think of a heavy backpack when visiting a new city. Both um- and herum- are idiomatic and mean the same. "herum" is a bot more fancy.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • rumalbern
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to fool around
    (In the sense of making silly jokes with friends. )
    How useful:
    see details >
  • sich rumärgern mit
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to deal with, to fight with
    (Colloquial, used ONLY in context of dealing with some hassle. The self reference has to be there and it's in Accusative)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • rumfahren
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to drive/ride around it
    (In the sense of making a tour. Think of driving around a lake.)
    How useful:
    2.
    to drive around
    (In the sense of aimless driving.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • rumfragen
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to ask around
    How useful:
    see details >
  • rumgammeln
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to hang around doing nothing
    (slang)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • rumgeben
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to hand around in a circle
    (Think of a meeting where some object is passed around for everyone to see. Can also be "herumgeben".)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • rumgehen
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to go/walk around
    (IN the literal sense of walking around something. Sounds a bit stiff though. "drumrum gehen" is more common in daily life - and yes, I am not kidding. For walking around aimlessly, the right word is rumlaufen, btw.)
    How useful:
    2.
    to go by, to pass
    (For time, usually in contexts where it is going slowly. Synonymous mit "vergehen" in this sense, but only used for small stretches of time. Think a boring bus ride. Oh and no, "her-" does NOT work!)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • rumhaben
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to want around it
    (Colloquial - usually combined with "wollen" and the preposition "um".)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • rumhampeln
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    (uncoordinated, goalless moving of your limbs)
    (I couldn't think of a good English translation. Think of a bored kid making "crazy" moves on the dinner table. )
    How useful: coming soon
    see details >
  • rumkommen
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to come around
    (In the sense of travelling and seeing many places.)
    How useful:
    2.
    to come by
    (For casual visits or coming by in a bar or stuff like that. Quite common in daily life. No real difference to "vorbeikommen".)
    How useful:
    3.
    to come around
    (In the sense of being able to go around a physical obstacle. For figurative obstacles "drum herumkommen" is more common.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • rumkriegen
    (um (sep))
    1.
    to manage to pass
    (Colloquial verb for killing time. ONLY used for time or time spans, like "the meeting" or "the 3 hours".)
    How useful:
    2.
    to turn someone around, to convince
    (Used for talking someone into something. One context is talking someone into making out or more.)
    How useful:
    3.
    to manage to get something around
    (In the very literal sense of wrapping something around somewhere. Hard to find an actual use case. Maybe think of a piece of cloth that is too short to get it all the way around a tree for example.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • rumlaufen
    (um (sep))
    1.
    to walk around
    (Has a vibe of "walking here and there". Sounds colloquial. )
    How useful:
    see details >
  • (he)rumlegen
    (um (sep))
    1.
    to lay something around somewhere
    (In the very literal sense. Think of laying a bunch of rose flowers across a birthday cake. For clothes, like a scarf for example, "umlegen" is more idiomatic. Also works reflexively for "lying down around" - "sich+Acc rumlegen um+Acc")
    How useful:
    see details >
  • rumliegen
    (um (sep))
    1.
    to lie around
    How useful:
    see details >
  • rummachen
    (um (sep))
    1.
    to make out, to hook up
    (In the sexual sense. Kissing, petting and so on.)
    How useful:
    2.
    to put something around something
    ("rummachen um" - in a literal sense.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • rummeckern (an)
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to nag, to bitch about
    (rummeckern an+Dat, colloquial)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • rumnörgeln
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to nag continuously
    How useful:
    see details >
  • rumschreiben
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to "write around"
    (Super colloquial verb, that is sometimes used for writing back and forth on messengers like Whatsapp or Signal. )
    How useful:
    see details >
  • rumsetzen (um)
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to sit down all around
    (In the very literal sense of sitting down in a circle around something, like a camp fire, for example. Usually used reflexively and with "um" as preposition - "sich rumsetzen um". Sounds VERY colloquial.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • (he)rumstehen
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to stand around
    (Works for people and things. Implies being idle or useless.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • rumstellen
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to put around, to surround
    ( "rumstellen (um)" - ONLY for literally putting objects around another object. Think of putting chairs all around a table. NOT for any figurative uses or for surrounding in sense of capturing.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • rumtreiben (sich)
    ((he)rum verb)
    1.
    to be
    (A colloquial word for being in an area, doing things. With an undertone of mischief. Often used for adolescents.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • sich rumsprechen
    (um (sep))
    1.
    to make the rounds
    („sich+Acc rumsprechen“ - For rumors and news. Always used reflexively)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • sich umgucken
    (um (sep))
    1.
    to look around
    (The self reference must be there and it is in Accusative.)
    How useful:
    2.
    to look for, to search
    ("sich+Acc umgucken nach" - usually for someone long term searches like looking for an apartment or a job.)
    How useful:
    3.
    to wonder, to be astonished
    ("sich+Acc umgucken" - colloquial phrase for the idea that someone gets flabbergasted, usually because they didn't expect something. Think of someone turning their head being like "Dang, WTF was that?")
    How useful:
    see details >
  • umarmen
    (um (insep))
    1.
    to embrace, to hug
    (Needs a direct object, so you can not just say "Wir umarmen." in German.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • umbauen
    (um (sep))
    1.
    to remodel, to reconstruct, to convert
    (The core idea is that you CHANGE something, NOT the you fix something that is run down or broken.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • umbenennen
    (um (sep))
    1.
    to rename
    How useful:
    see details >
  • umblättern
    (um (sep))
    1.
    to turn one page
    How useful:
    see details >
  • umbringen
    (um (sep))
    1.
    to kill
    (Only for people, NOT for killing projects or killing time.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • umbuchen
    (um (sep))
    1.
    to change a booking
    (Can take a direct object, but it's more common without)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • umdenken
    (um (sep))
    1.
    to change one's thinking
    (Sounds a bit lofty. Usually used in context of planning and strategy. And ONLY for one's own thinking. You cannot "umdenken" someone. )
    How useful:
    see details >
  • umdeuten
    (um (sep))
    1.
    to reinterpret
    (NOT in the sense of re-envisioning. It's really about shifting how you interpret something.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • umdichten
    (um (sep))
    1.
    to change a poem
    How useful:
    see details >
  • umfahren
    (um (insep))
    1.
    the drive around
    (In the sense of avoiding, not a tourist trip around a lake. The past is built with "haben" because this ALWAYS has a direct object (the thing you drive around).)
    How useful:
    Opposite (closest): umfahren
    see details >
  • umfahren
    (um (sep))
    1.
    to run over
    (ONLY for objects, like a sign post for instance. For running over a living being, "überfahren" is used.)
    How useful:
    Opposite (closest): umfahren
    see details >
  • umfallen
    (um (sep))
    1.
    to fall over
    (Think of a vase or a glass of water. Or a person falling while standing. For a person falling while walking" hinfallen" is the better choice. Sometimes used figuratively for a person (politician) caving to pressure and changing their mind.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • umfangen
    (um (insep))
    1.
    to surround, to envelop
    (VERY rare and barely ever idiomatic.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • umfassen
    (um (insep))
    1.
    to grab around something
    How useful:
    2.
    to include, to entail
    (Mostly in the sense of figurative contents)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • umfliegen
    (um (insep))
    1.
    to fly around
    (In the sense of avoiding. Think of a plane flying around a storm.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • umformen
    (um (sep))
    1.
    to reshape, to change form
    (Needs a direct object, so if you change your own shape, it's "sich+Acc umformen". Also used in the context of grammar and stem changes.)
    How useful: coming soon
    see details >
  • umfunktionieren
    (um (sep))
    1.
    to repurpose, to convert
    (Using an object for a new task. Think of using an old jet tank as the base of a raft for example. )
    How useful: coming soon
    see details >
  • umgeben
    (um (insep))
    1.
    to surround
    (NOT in a beleaguering sense. Implies a steady surrounding, so not for a transitory, quick surrounding. Also commonly used in contexts of surrounding yourself with something - "sich+Acc umgeben mit".)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • umgehen
    (um (sep))
    1.
    to go around
    (Not very common, but you find it in contexts of ghosts, rumors and diseases. NOT for literally walking around something.)
    How useful:
    2.
    to handle, to treat
    ("umgehen mit" - the idea of "walking around with something" shifted to how you handle something "on the way". It can be about actually treating an object, but also about dealing with a challenge or burden.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • umgehen
    (um (insep))
    1.
    to go around, to avoid
    (Primarily used for figurative blockades like problems or challenges. Very common. The spoken past is built with "haben"!)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • umgestalten
    (um (sep))
    1.
    to redesign, to rearrange
    (Not for moving furniture in your apartment, but if it involves painting and hanging up stuff.)
    How useful:
    see details >


Never miss out!

Join over 20.000 German learners and get my epic newsletter whenever I post a new article :)

We don’t spam! Read our privacy policy for more info.

YDG German Newsletter

I don't spam! Read my privacy policy for more info.