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Dictionary > pronouns

    Here's a quick overview with translations. For family, examples and more check the details.
  • allerhand
    (pronoun)
    1.
    all kinds of, all sorts of
    (Grammatically, it's like an indefinite article basically.)
    How useful:
    2.
    quite something!
    (As a standalone or in the phrase "Das ist ja allerhand.", it's an expression of being surprised or stunned, more often in a bad way. Think of someone getting a rent increase of 30%.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • beide
    (pronoun)
    1.
    both
    (Some call it pronoun, some call it adjective. It doesn't really matter, as it's a question of definition. It definitely gets endings. There's the plural endings and there's also "beides".)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • beides
    (pronoun)
    1.
    both these things
    (only for generic thing, like two options for example)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • dafür
    (pronoun)
    1.
    for that, for it
    How useful:
    Opposite: wofür
    2.
    in exchange
    (often in combination with an "aber" somewhere, in contexts of making some kind of deal.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • darauf
    (pronoun)
    1.
    "on that", "for that"
    How useful:
    Opposite: worauf
    see details >
  • darin
    (pronoun)
    1.
    in that, in it
    How useful:
    Opposite: worin
    see details >
  • darum
    (pronoun)
    1.
    about that, for that, around that
    (Translation depends on the verb it comes with)
    How useful:
    Opposite: worum
    2.
    for that reason
    (Pretty much a synonym for "deshalb" and "deswegen")
    How useful:
    see details >
  • darunter
    (pronoun)
    1.
    under it, under that
    (For location and also for all verbs that go with "unter" as a preposition.)
    How useful:
    Opposite: darüber
    2.
    among it, among that
    How useful:
    see details >
  • das
    (pronoun)
    1.
    the
    (definite article for neuter nouns, works for Nominative and Accusative)
    How useful:
    2.
    which, that
    (relative pronoun for neuter nouns in Nominative and Accusative)
    How useful:
    3.
    that
    (German tends to use the normal articles more where English would use the demonstrative versions "this" and "that")
    How useful:
    see details >
  • dasselbe
    (pronoun)
    1.
    the same
    (Officially, it is one word, because it can NOT be used like an adjective. That would be "der gleiche". Many Germans do it wrong, though, and I think the rule is dumb.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • davon
    (pronoun)
    1.
    "of that", "from that", "by that"
    How useful:
    Opposite: wovon
    see details >
  • dazu
    (pronoun)
    1.
    for that, in addition to that
    How useful:
    Opposite: wozu
    see details >
  • dein
    (pronoun)
    1.
    your
    (Singular, so it's a form of "du". Gets endings, so you'll have "meine, meinen, meinem" and so on)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • denen
    (pronoun)
    1.
    to whom
    (Dative plural for of the pronoun "die")
    How useful:
    see details >
  • deren
    (pronoun)
    1.
    whose
    (Genitive for "plural" and for "singular feminine".)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • derjenige (der)
    (pronoun)
    1.
    the one (who), he (who)
    (Masculine singular - Commonly used for structures like "derjenige, der [explanation]". )
    How useful:
    see details >
  • derselbe
    (pronoun)
    1.
    the same
    (Officially, it is one word, because it can NOT be used like an adjective. That would be "der gleiche". Many Germans do it wrong, though, and I think the rule is dumb.)
    How useful:
    Opposite: dieselbe
    see details >
  • dich
    (pronoun)
    1.
    you
    (Accusative of "du")
    How useful:
    see details >
  • diejenige
    (pronoun)
    1.
    the one (who), she (who)
    (Feminine singular - Commonly used for structures like "diejenige, die [explanation]". ))
    How useful:
    see details >
  • diese
    (pronoun)
    1.
    this
    (German tends to use the normal article "der/die/das..." a lot where English uses "this". Especially in the beginning of sentences, German would use "das" for "this" as a pronoun.)
    How useful:
    Opposite: jene
    see details >
  • dieselbe
    (pronoun)
    1.
    the same
    (Officially, it is one word, because it can NOT be used like an adjective. That would be "der gleiche". Many Germans do it wrong, though, and I think the rule is dumb.)
    How useful:
    Opposite: derselbe
    see details >
  • dir
    (pronoun)
    1.
    (to) you
    (Dative form of "du". Related to English "thee")
    How useful:
    see details >
  • du
    (pronoun)
    1.
    you
    (singular)
    How useful:
    Opposite: sie
    see details >
  • eigene (r,s,n,m)
    (pronoun)
    1.
    own
    (as in "one's own")
    How useful:
    see details >
  • einander
    (pronoun)
    1.
    one another, each other
    (Kind of implies living beings. Sounds a bit weird for devices or machines.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • einige
    (pronoun)
    1.
    some, several
    (Usually for plural, but also works in singular with "einige Zeit" and in the phrase "einiges an" with mass nouns like "Bier". )
    How useful: coming soon
    see details >
  • er
    (pronoun)
    1.
    he
    (Can also be a translation for "it" if the object is masculine in German.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • ersteres
    (pronoun)
    1.
    the former
    (the latter would be "zweiteres")
    How useful:
    Opposite: letzteres
    see details >
  • es
    (pronoun)
    1.
    it
    (also occassionally "he" or "she")
    How useful:
    2.
    "nothing"
    (can be an empty filler that just serves to fill the first spot)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • etwas
    (pronoun)
    1.
    something
    (Very often shortened to "was" in daily life. Quick tip: adjectives after it ALWAYS get "-es" - "etwas gutes, schönes,..." Practice that, it'll make you sound much better.)
    How useful:
    2.
    a (little) bit
    (Not very common in this sense.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • hierfür
    (pronoun)
    1.
    for this
    (Strong focus on the fact that it is here.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • ich
    (pronoun)
    1.
    I
    How useful:
    Opposite: wir
    see details >
  • ihm
    (pronoun)
    1.
    to him
    (Dative of "er")
    How useful:
    Opposite: ihr
    see details >
  • ihn
    (pronoun)
    1.
    him
    (Accusative of "er")
    How useful:
    see details >
  • ihr
    (pronoun)
    1.
    you all
    (Plural, when you're addressing a group of people. )
    How useful:
    see details >
  • ihr
    (pronoun)
    1.
    to her, her
    (Dative and Genitive form of "sie", the singular feminine. )
    How useful:
    Opposite: ihm
    see details >
  • irgendein(-)
    (pronoun)
    1.
    some(one), any(one)
    (basically the "a"-article, on vague steroids)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • irgendjemand
    (pronoun)
    1.
    someone, anyone
    (pretty much the same as "irgendwer", higher "any"-factor than just "jemand")
    How useful:
    see details >
  • irgendwelch(-)
    (pronoun)
    1.
    some random
    (for plural)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • irgendwer
    (pronoun)
    1.
    someone, anyone
    (with an emphasis on the notion of "any")
    How useful:
    see details >
  • jede
    (pronoun)
    1.
    every, each
    (As in "every X" with "x" being a being or item. The word gets endings according to case and gender, so there's jeden, jedes, jeder and so on.)
    How useful:
    Opposite: kein, keine
    see details >
  • jedem
    (pronoun)
    1.
    to everyone
    (The Dative of "jeder" and "jedes".)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • jedermann
    (pronoun)
    1.
    everyone, any man
    (Mostly used in contexts of something being for everyone.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • jemand
    (pronoun)
    1.
    someone
    How useful:
    Opposite: niemand
    see details >
  • jene
    (pronoun)
    1.
    that, that one
    (Technically, it's the "yonder"-counter for "this", but it sounds WAY more high register in German and it's nowhere near as common as the English "that". There's also jener, jenem and so on. )
    How useful:
    Opposite: diese
    see details >
  • jeweilige
    (pronoun)
    1.
    the respective
    (As a pronoun ... the respective xyz.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • kein, keine
    (pronoun)
    1.
    no
    (as an article - "no [noun]")
    How useful:
    Opposite: jede
    2.
    none
    (slightly different endings than as an article)
    How useful:
    Opposite: alle
    see details >
  • letzteres
    (pronoun)
    1.
    the latter
    How useful:
    Opposite: ersteres
    see details >
  • man
    (pronoun)
    1.
    one, you
    (impersonal third person pronoun that you use if you don't have a specific person in mind. English pretty much always uses "you" for that, and that tends to pick up in German, as well, but still "man" is an absolute must have.)
    How useful:
    see details >
  • manche (r,s,n,m)
    (pronoun)
    1.
    some
    How useful:
    Opposite: viele
    see details >


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