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Dictionary > pronouns

    Here's a quick overview with translations. For family, examples and more check the details.
  • allerhand
    (pronoun)
    1.
    all kinds of, all sorts of
    (Grammatically, it's like an indefinite article basically.)
    Value:
    2.
    quite something!
    (As a standalone or in the phrase "Das ist ja allerhand.", it's an expression of being surprised or stunned, more often in a bad way. Think of someone getting a rent increase of 30%.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • beide
    (pronoun)
    1.
    both
    (Some call it pronoun, some call it adjective. It doesn't really matter, as it's a question of definition. It definitely gets endings. There's the plural endings and there's also "beides".)
    Value:
    see details >
  • beides
    (pronoun)
    1.
    both these things
    (Only for generic things, like two options for example.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • dafür
    (pronoun)
    1.
    for that, for it
    Value:
    Opposite: wofür
    2.
    in exchange
    (often in combination with an "aber" somewhere, in contexts of making some kind of deal.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • darauf
    (pronoun)
    1.
    "on that", "for that"
    Value:
    Opposite: worauf
    see details >
  • darin
    (pronoun)
    1.
    in that, in it
    Value:
    Opposite: worin
    see details >
  • darum
    (pronoun)
    1.
    about that, for that, around that
    (Translation depends on the verb it comes with)
    Value:
    Opposite: worum
    2.
    for that reason
    (Pretty much a synonym for "deshalb" and "deswegen")
    Value:
    see details >
  • darunter
    (pronoun)
    1.
    under it, under that
    (For location and also for all verbs that go with "unter" as a preposition.)
    Value:
    Opposite: darüber
    2.
    among it, among that
    Value:
    see details >
  • das
    (pronoun)
    1.
    the
    (definite article for neuter nouns, works for Nominative and Accusative)
    Value:
    2.
    which, that
    (relative pronoun for neuter nouns in Nominative and Accusative)
    Value:
    3.
    that
    (German tends to use the normal articles more where English would use the demonstrative versions "this" and "that")
    Value:
    see details >
  • dasselbe
    (pronoun)
    1.
    the same
    (Officially, it is one word, because it can NOT be used like an adjective. That would be "der gleiche". Many Germans do it wrong, though, and I think the rule is dumb.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • davon
    (pronoun)
    1.
    "of that", "from that", "by that"
    Value:
    Opposite: wovon
    see details >
  • dazu
    (pronoun)
    1.
    for that, in addition to that
    Value:
    Opposite: wozu
    see details >
  • dein
    (pronoun)
    1.
    your
    (Singular, so it's a form of "du". Gets endings, so you'll have "meine, meinen, meinem" and so on)
    Value:
    see details >
  • deinesgleichen
    (pronoun)
    1.
    your kind, folks like you
    Value:
    see details >
  • denen
    (pronoun)
    1.
    to whom
    (Dative plural for of the pronoun "die")
    Value:
    see details >
  • deren
    (pronoun)
    1.
    whose
    (Genitive for "plural" and for "singular feminine".)
    Value:
    see details >
  • derjenige (der)
    (pronoun)
    1.
    the one (who), he (who)
    (Masculine singular - Commonly used for structures like "derjenige, der [explanation]". )
    Value:
    see details >
  • derselbe
    (pronoun)
    1.
    the same
    (Officially, it is one word, because it can NOT be used like an adjective. That would be "der gleiche". Many Germans do it wrong, though, and I think the rule is dumb.)
    Value:
    Opposite: dieselbe
    see details >
  • dich
    (pronoun)
    1.
    you
    (Accusative of "du")
    Value:
    see details >
  • diejenige
    (pronoun)
    1.
    the one (who), she (who)
    (Feminine singular - Commonly used for structures like "diejenige, die [explanation]". ))
    Value:
    see details >
  • diese
    (pronoun)
    1.
    this
    (German tends to use the normal article "der/die/das..." a lot where English uses "this". Especially in the beginning of sentences, German would use "das" for "this" as a pronoun.)
    Value:
    Opposite: jene
    see details >
  • dieselbe
    (pronoun)
    1.
    the same
    (Officially, it is one word, because it can NOT be used like an adjective. That would be "der gleiche". Many Germans do it wrong, though, and I think the rule is dumb.)
    Value:
    Opposite: derselbe
    see details >
  • dir
    (pronoun)
    1.
    (to) you
    (Dative form of "du". Related to English "thee")
    Value:
    see details >
  • drölf
    (pronoun)
    1.
    eleventeen
    (Colloquial fantasy number - a mix of "drei" and "zwölf" that's used when you don't care what the number is but you think it's a stupid amount. Generally refers to lower amounts, but there are variations like "drölfzig" or "drölfhundert". )
    Value: coming soon
    see details >
  • du
    (pronoun)
    1.
    you
    (singular)
    Value:
    Opposite: sie
    see details >
  • eigene (r,s,n,m)
    (pronoun)
    1.
    own
    (as in "one's own")
    Value:
    see details >
  • einander
    (pronoun)
    1.
    one another, each other
    (Kind of implies living beings. Sounds a bit weird for devices or machines.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • einige
    (pronoun)
    1.
    some, several
    (Usually for plural, but also works in singular with "einige Zeit" and in the phrase "einiges an" with mass nouns like "Bier". )
    Value:
    see details >
  • er
    (pronoun)
    1.
    he
    (Can also be a translation for "it" if the object is masculine in German.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • ersteres
    (pronoun)
    1.
    the former
    (the latter would be "zweiteres")
    Value:
    Opposite: letzteres
    see details >
  • es
    (pronoun)
    1.
    it
    (also occassionally "he" or "she")
    Value:
    2.
    "nothing"
    (can be an empty filler that just serves to fill the first spot)
    Value:
    see details >
  • etwas
    (pronoun)
    1.
    something
    (Very often shortened to "was" in daily life. Quick tip: adjectives after it ALWAYS get "-es" - "etwas gutes, schönes,..." Practice that, it'll make you sound much better.)
    Value:
    2.
    a (little) bit
    (Not very common in this sense.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • fünf
    (pronoun)
    1.
    five
    Value:
    see details >
  • hierfür
    (pronoun)
    1.
    for this
    (Strong focus on the fact that it is here.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • ich
    (pronoun)
    1.
    I
    Value:
    Opposite: wir
    see details >
  • ihm
    (pronoun)
    1.
    to him
    (Dative of "er")
    Value:
    Opposite: ihr
    see details >
  • ihn
    (pronoun)
    1.
    him
    (Accusative of "er")
    Value:
    see details >
  • ihr
    (pronoun)
    1.
    you all
    (Plural, when you're addressing a group of people. )
    Value:
    see details >
  • ihr
    (pronoun)
    1.
    to her, her
    (Dative and Genitive form of "sie", the singular feminine. )
    Value:
    Opposite: ihm
    see details >
  • irgendein(-)
    (pronoun)
    1.
    some(one), any(one)
    (basically the "a"-article, on vague steroids)
    Value:
    see details >
  • irgendjemand
    (pronoun)
    1.
    someone, anyone
    (pretty much the same as "irgendwer", higher "any"-factor than just "jemand")
    Value:
    see details >
  • irgendwelch(-)
    (pronoun)
    1.
    some random
    (for plural)
    Value:
    see details >
  • irgendwer
    (pronoun)
    1.
    someone, anyone
    (with an emphasis on the notion of "any")
    Value:
    see details >
  • jede
    (pronoun)
    1.
    every, each
    (As in "every X" with "x" being a being or item. The word gets endings according to case and gender, so there's jeden, jedes, jeder and so on.)
    Value:
    Opposite: kein, keine
    see details >
  • jedem
    (pronoun)
    1.
    to everyone
    (The Dative of "jeder" and "jedes".)
    Value:
    see details >
  • jedermann
    (pronoun)
    1.
    everyone, any man
    (Mostly used in contexts of something being for everyone.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • jemand
    (pronoun)
    1.
    someone
    Value:
    Opposite: niemand
    see details >
  • jene
    (pronoun)
    1.
    that, that one
    (Technically, it's the "yonder"-counter for "this", but it sounds WAY more high register in German and it's nowhere near as common as the English "that". There's also jener, jenem and so on. )
    Value:
    Opposite: diese
    see details >
  • jeweilige
    (pronoun)
    1.
    the respective
    (As a pronoun ... the respective xyz.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • kein, keine
    (pronoun)
    1.
    no
    (as an article - "no [noun]")
    Value:
    Opposite: jede
    2.
    none
    (slightly different endings than as an article)
    Value:
    Opposite: alle
    see details >


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