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Dictionary > conjunctions

    Here's a quick overview with translations. For family, examples and more check the details.
  • aber
    (conjunction)
    1.
    but
    (For "but ... instead", the proper word is "sondern". "aber" can stand at different positions in the sentence, so it doesn't have to come first.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • als
    (conjunction)
    1.
    when
    (singular past events)
    Value:
    2.
    than
    ("unequal" comparisons (bigger, smaller, more....))
    Value:
    Opposite: so... wie
    3.
    as
    (assigning roles, characteristics, for example "Als Lehrer")
    Value:
    see details >
  • anstatt
    (conjunction)
    1.
    instead (of)
    (Can be used as a preposition and to introduce a "zu"-construction. Stat and anstatt are complete synonyms". As a preposition, they officially go with Genitive, but Dative is slowly starting to creep in in daily life.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • außer
    (conjunction)
    1.
    except, except for, but
    (Officially, it goes with Dative, but in reality, many people use Accusative, too. Can also be a conjunction like in "außer wenn..." or "außer dass...")
    Value:
    2.
    out of
    (Only in few fixed phrasings like "außer Betrieb" (out of order) or "außer Sichtweite" (out of viewing distance).)
    Value:
    see details >
  • damit
    (conjunction)
    1.
    with that, with it
    (the normal da-word function)
    Value:
    Opposite: womit
    2.
    so that, such that
    (creates a side sentence, so the verb has to go to the end)
    Value:
    see details >
  • dass
    (conjunction)
    1.
    that
    (The "that" from sentences like "I know that you said this." In old texts it's spelled "daß".)
    Value:
    see details >
  • ehe
    (conjunction)
    1.
    before
    (rare, "bevor" is more common, only to coordinate verbs, so it always introduces a side sentence)
    Value:
    see details >
  • falls
    (conjunction)
    1.
    in case, if
    (Sounds less likely than "wenn" but does not sound well with conditional verb forms)
    Value:
    Opposite: wenn
    see details >
  • hingegen
    (conjunction)
    1.
    on the other hand, however
    (Mostly used as a "tag" to the first position of a sentence... "Ich hingegen habe...". Synonym for "dagegen".)
    Value:
    see details >
  • indem
    (conjunction)
    1.
    by doing X
    ("indem" creates a normal side sentence with the verbs at the end.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • inwiefern
    (conjunction)
    1.
    in what way, to what extend
    (Creates a side sentence, with the verbs at the end.)
    Value:
    2.
    how so, to what extend
    (As a question word.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • inwieweit
    (conjunction)
    1.
    in how far
    Value:
    see details >
  • nachdem
    (conjunction)
    1.
    after
    (ONLY as a conjunction. So only in phrasings like "After I did A, I did B. Makes the verb go to the end.)
    Value:
    Opposite: bevor
    see details >
  • ob
    (conjunction)
    1.
    whether, if
    (ONLY in sense of "whether")
    Value:
    2.
    due to, because of
    (ob+Genitiv, very rare and high register)
    Value:
    see details >
  • obwohl
    (conjunction)
    1.
    although, even though
    (makes the verb go to the end in its part)
    Value:
    Opposite: weil
    see details >
  • oder
    (conjunction)
    1.
    or
    Value:
    Opposite: und
    see details >
  • sodass
    (conjunction)
    1.
    so that
    (Makes the verbs go to the end)
    Value:
    see details >
  • solange
    (conjunction)
    1.
    as long as
    (If it is in the beginning of a sentence, it creates a side sentence, so it makes the verbs go to the end. Only in the temporal sense. NOT for comparisons of length.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • sondern
    (conjunction)
    1.
    but (rather), but ... instead
    Value:
    see details >
  • trotzdem
    (conjunction)
    1.
    despite that
    (You MUST think of it as "despite that" because it is NOT a direct translation for "although")
    Value:
    see details >
  • und
    (conjunction)
    1.
    and
    Value:
    Opposite: oder
    see details >
  • weil
    (conjunction)
    1.
    because
    (Makes the verb(s) move to the end. The meaning shifted from stuff being true at the same time ("while") to one being the reason for the other.)
    Value:
    Opposite: obwohl
    see details >
  • wenn
    (conjunction)
    1.
    if
    (in the sense of "if A then B". More common than "falls".)
    Value:
    2.
    when
    (answers the question word "wann". "Wann" asks, "wenn" answers.)
    Value:
    Opposite: falls
    see details >
  • wohingegen
    (conjunction)
    1.
    whilst
    (Starts a side sentence with a contrast, with the verb at the end.)
    Value:
    see details >
  • zumal
    (conjunction)
    1.
    especially considering, especially since
    (Makes the verb go to the end.)
    Value:
    see details >


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