and welcome to our German Word of the Day. This time we might… have a look at the meaning of:
Vielleicht is a very very important word and whenever I learn a new language (god, that sounds like I do that every other month) it is one of the first ones I look up. The main English translation of vielleicht is definitely maybe.
- Heute abend gucke ich vielleicht eine DVD.
- Tonight I’ll maybe watch a DVD.
- “Kommst du zu meiner Party?”
- “Are you gonna come to my party?”
- Vielleicht gehe ich morgen schwimmen.
- Maybe I will go swimming tomorrow.
As you can see in the last example, vielleicht already counts as one position so the verb has to come after. Usually one position does answer to one question. For instance heute answers to when? For vielleicht things are not that obvious but still it is a valid answer to “how?” or simply “Will you do this?“. Anyway… vielleicht can very well open a sentence. Just note that the verb has to come after that. Now let’s get to the more interesting question and that question is…
What the hell are the Germans thinking?
Not every German might be aware of this, but vielleicht is a actually really awk word… … … (they MUST find this funny… it’s just so clever… I mean come on… I’ll give them some more time to laugh) … … …
The English word maybe makes perfect sense as it is. Something may or may not be… hence maybe. Vielleicht however seems to consist of the 2 words viel and leicht. Viel means much, many and a lot and leicht means light and easy. So based on that vielleicht would be much-easily. And why does this mean maybe? It would make sense as probably or likely… but maybe? Really?
I have been wondering about this for a while and I was quite convinced that vielleicht actually has some Germanic root that has nothing to do with viel and leicht and that it just happened to look like that. But after reading this source I knew I was wrong. Vielleicht really does consist of those 2 words and back a few centuries ago it used to mean something like probably or easily.
So originally it was used to express that something was very likely to happen, but it has changed and nowadays it really means just maybe.
Why this change occurred, I have no idea, nor have I found anything online. As a matter of fact probably and maybe are both giving information about how certain something is, only the degree of certainty distinguishes the 2… getting from number 80 to number 40 won’t take too long as long as it’s on the same street.
One explanation for this shift of vielleicht could be that the Germans just were overly optimistic back in those days. Everything seemed to be easy and possible, and yet the harsh cruel world taught them lesson after lesson… “Oh this war won’t vielleicht (probably) last for 30 years, I am so sure.” , “Oh vielleicht (probably) this Black Death thing is not going to spread around too much, don’t worry”. Let down after let down hit them until the once hopeful and positive vielleicht had turned into a mere nihilistic maybe.
Another possible reason would be that the Germans just plain sucked at keeping promises. Imagine a knight telling his maiden that he will vielleicht return from war and marry her… 10 knights later the maiden still hangs around in her dad’s castle and vielleicht just doesn’t quite feel the same anymore..
“yes yes… sure Sir Knight, sure… you will “probably” marry me… I gotcha.”
Either way… those are just personal stupid theories. Vielleicht is a strange word for maybe but it is the only one we have… besides eventuell of course.
Eventuell is one of the falsetestest friends ever. It has taken me SO freakin’ LONG to realize that it isn’t eventually at all… but I did understand that eventually… see… I just proved it. I really did:).
The German eventuell means maybe and there is no real difference to vielleicht except eventuell isn’t really what a steel worker would say. So if you want to sound educated and business like, it might be a good choice.
- Schatz, ich muss eventuell heute Überstunden in der Ba.. äh… im Büro machen.
- Honey… Mabye I have to work extra hours today at the ba.. uhm office.
So… looks like we have some time left here today so I guess we’ll take some calls… If you want to be live on the show, dial 0800-151-Vocab-4-You, I’ll repeat … 0800-151-Vocab-4-You… and we already have a first call here from … uhm … Cock Wash in Australia, hi Lachlan what can I do for you?
“Hi Emanuel, I just wanted to let you know that that joke o’ yours with the awk-word… really wasn’t funny at all… nothing personal mate, just … don’t try please.”
Well thanks a lot man, I sure do appreciate critique. Our next call comes from Ontario Canada, hello Steve, how’s the weather over there… is it spring yet?
“Hi Emanuel, sure is…”
Cool, so what’s your question Steve?
“Ok so… I have spent some time in Hamburg last summer and one day I was sitting with a German friend in a park when a woman with extremely long legs passed by. And my friend said something really strange:
‘Mann, die hat vielleicht Beine!’
I didn’t really catch on at first but later this sentence confused the crap out of me and still does. I mean… what does that mean ‘Maybe she has legs.’?
Is that like an ironical twist… like… she obviously HAS legs, she ‘GOT leg’ if you will, and he said maybe just to be funny?”
Well Steve, that is actually a really good question, and I almost forgot about this meaning of vielleicht. Germans do use it sometimes to express that something was REALLY something. For example:
- Puh, die U-Bahn war heute vielleicht mal voll.
Literally that would mean:
- Gee, the metro was maybe full for once today.
But the actual meaning is
- Gee, the metro was REALLY packed today, I tell ya’.
“Wow, that is pretty confusing.”
Yeah, I guess it is if you’re not native… I don’t know the reason why vielleicht is used that way. I don’t really perceive it to be an ironic statement as you suggested though… if someone says it, he or she sounds honestly impressed to me … without any sarcasm… but your theory does make sense nonetheless so if it helps to comprehend this meaning of vielleicht… why not.
“And is it like a very common thing to say?”
Well, that’s hard to say. Me personally, I barely say it… that’s why I forgot to think of it for this Word of the Day. But I think every German understands it without feeling strange about it so yeah… people talk that way.
“Cool, that cleared up a lot for me…”
Yeah well thank YOU for bringing that up man, that was really important to mention… and actually there is even a third meaning vielleicht can have…
It is not really an entirely new idea but different enough I think… people use vielleicht also in sense of approximately or circa.
- Auf der Party waren vielleicht 20 Leute.
- There were about 20 people at the party.
In that case the vielleicht doesn’t mean that some certain 20 people may or may not have been there… it really just expresses that the exact number is unknown.
“Oh, but that is quite the same in English actually… .”
Oh is it? See, I wasn’t quite sure… so
- There were maybe 20 people at the party.
would be understood?
“Oh, definitely… people would say something like that using maybe…”
Ok cool, anyway… for those of you who’s mother tongue is not English… vielleicht can mean approximately too.
Well Steve, we’re at the end of the show now, but thank you so so much for your assistance…
“My pleasure… bye and thanks a lot.”
So… this was our German Word of the Day vielleicht. The main meaning is maybe, but it can also be used in sense of really to underline something or in sense of round about.
If you have any questions or suggestions, just leave me a comment.
I hope you liked it and see you next time… vielleicht ;).