1.
to write down
(The focus here is on putting information out there, while for "aufschreiben" (which translates the same) it's more the idea of capturing it in writing. )
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2.
to write "there"
(Used when the destination has already been specified and you then want to say something like "write there/them". Usually in the context of institutions, not single persons.)
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Word Family

Root: *skribh-

The core idea of the root was:

cutting, slicing

And very early on it was used in the context of leaving markings or making drawings and eventually, writing things.
In the Latin branch, we have the verb *scribere, which meant to write, which is the origin for words like script, prescribe, subscribe, describe and more.

Here’s a  (incomplete) list:

  • script, scripture
  • manuscript (“to write by hand”)
  • scribe 
  • subscribe (“to write under”)
  • prescribe (“to write across”)
  • inscribe (“to write in”)
  • describe (“to write down”)
  • ascribe (“write toward”)
  • transcribe (“to write over”)
  • serif, sans-serif (“little stroke, draw”)
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