nachsehen

Meanings

1.
to look after someone
(In the sense of them leaving and you looking after them. NOT in the sense of care. "Hinterher gucken/schauen" are the more common options for this meaning.)
2.
to look
(In the sense of checking for something. Be it by going to the other room, or by looking in the dictionary. "nachgucken" and "nachschauen" are also options.)
3.
to forgive someone something, to cut someone some slack
("jemandem etwas nachsehen" - sounds a bit formal and it's used for smaller scale things.)

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Word Family

Root: *seku̯-
The original sense of the root was:

following, pursuing

If we think of this in a context of hunting, we can easily see why how this root evolved into the words to see (from following with eyes) and to say (telling what you see). The connection of "to say" is debated, though. The original sense of following is well preserved in the Latin branch around  *sequi (to follow) with words like sequence, sect or execute. Also the words around social likely belong to this family. Here's an (incomplete) list of the relatives in English:
  • social, associate, society... ("followers, going together")
  • sequence, sequel, second, sect, segue ("what follows")
  • pursue, persecute, prosecute ("going/come after", basically prefix versions of the Latin base verb)
  • execute (to follow through)
  • to see ("follow with eyes")
  • to say ("tell what you see")
 

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