to foresee, to estimate
(In the sense of having an idea of some sort of consequences. Sounds somewhat formal. Has nothing to do with spiritual foresight and it's pretty rare.)
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to refrain from something
("absehen von" - : usually legal action (it sounds super formal and official); is about not taking something into consideration anymore, not regarding something as an option anymore. )
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Prefix Verbs Explained - "absehen"

The verb "absehen" is not very common. But the noun "die Absicht". Today, we'll find out what it means and how to say "on purpose" in German.


absehen, die Absicht, beabsichtigen, absichtlich

Word Family

Root: *seku̯-

The original sense of the root was:

following, pursuing

If we think of this in a context of hunting, we can easily see why how this root evolved into the words to see (from following with eyes) and to say (telling what you see). The connection of “to say” is debated, though.

The original sense of following is well preserved in the Latin branch around  *sequi (to follow) with words like sequence, sect or execute.

Also the words around social likely belong to this family.
Here’s an (incomplete) list of the relatives in English:

  • social, associate, society… (“followers, going together”)
  • sequence, sequel, second, sect, segue (“what follows”)
  • pursue, persecute, prosecute (“going/come after”, basically prefix versions of the Latin base verb)
  • execute (to follow through)
  • to see (“follow with eyes”)
  • to say (“tell what you see”)


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