1.
to set, to determine, to stipulate, to fix
(The idea is that you establish certain conditions or requirements or benchmarks. Often used in the context of some sort of measure.)
Value:
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2.
to detain, to take into custody
(Used in the context of law enforcement, but it's rare. It's NOT the same as "verhaften" but I don't know what the difference is legally.)
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Word Family

Root: *sed-

The core idea of this root was

sitting

Today, the majority of members of the family are about a somewhat broader sense of “putting down”.
Here’s a little (incomplete) overview:

  • to sit, seat (“sitting”)
  • saddle (“seat”)
  • to set (“putting down”)
  • settle (“sitting down for camping”)
  • soil (“where your settlement is”)
  • session (“the sitting”)
  • seance (“the sitting”)
  • siege (“sitting in front”)
  • sediment (“dust settling”)
  • possess (“sit on”)
  • obsess (“sit on, occupy”)
  • sedate, sedative (“settling”)
  • assist, assistent (Originally, a person sitting next to the judge)
  • assess (see “assist”, originally an assistant responsible for determining fines)
  • size (see “assess”)
  • cathedral (Originally, it was a scholar’s chair, the root is the “thed”- part)
  • chair (comes from cathedral)
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