1.
to skip a turn
(Mostly in board and card games, but you can find it in other contexts as well.)
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2.
to maroon, to plant, to abandon
("etwas/jemanden aussetzen")
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3.
to expose something/someone to something
("etwas /jemanden (Acc) einer Sache (Dative) aussetzen" - works for phyiscal as well as mental forces and usually implies some strain. )
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4.
to criticize something about something/someone
("etwas aussetzen an+Dative" )
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Prefix Verbs Explained - "aussetzen"

Aussetzen has an eclectic set of translations: Expose, suspend, plant, criticize, maroon, skip. Placing "outside" in some way is the core idea, though.


Word Family

Root: *sed-

The core idea of this root was

sitting

Today, the majority of members of the family are about a somewhat broader sense of “putting down”.
Here’s a little (incomplete) overview:

  • to sit, seat (“sitting”)
  • saddle (“seat”)
  • to set (“putting down”)
  • settle (“sitting down for camping”)
  • soil (“where your settlement is”)
  • session (“the sitting”)
  • seance (“the sitting”)
  • siege (“sitting in front”)
  • sediment (“dust settling”)
  • possess (“sit on”)
  • obsess (“sit on, occupy”)
  • sedate, sedative (“settling”)
  • assist, assistent (Originally, a person sitting next to the judge)
  • assess (see “assist”, originally an assistant responsible for determining fines)
  • size (see “assess”)
  • cathedral (Originally, it was a scholar’s chair, the root is the “thed”- part)
  • chair (comes from cathedral)
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