Dictionary verb *sed- setzen auseinandersetzen




to (make) sit apart
(Think of a teacher separating two people in class and placing them in different areas.)
How useful:
Opposite (closest): zusammensetzen
to deal with, to confront, to tackle
("sich+Acc auseinandersetzen mit" - can be about dealing with a challenge or looking into a topic or confronting something. Think of it as an opposite to ignoring, with a little "tackling" undertone, if that makes sense :).)
How useful:
to explain something to someone, to run someone through something
("jemandem etwas auseinandersetzen" - sounds quite formal and it's quite rare.)
How useful:

Word Family

Root: *sed-

The core idea of this root was


Today, the majority of members of the family are about a somewhat broader sense of “putting down”.
Here’s a little (incomplete) overview:

  • to sit, seat (“sitting”)
  • saddle (“seat”)
  • to set (“putting down”)
  • settle (“sitting down for camping”)
  • soil (“where your settlement is”)
  • session (“the sitting”)
  • seance (“the sitting”)
  • siege (“sitting in front”)
  • sediment (“dust settling”)
  • possess (“sit on”)
  • obsess (“sit on, occupy”)
  • sedate, sedative (“settling”)
  • assist, assistent (Originally, a person sitting next to the judge)
  • assess (see “assist”, originally an assistant responsible for determining fines)
  • size (see “assess”)
  • cathedral (Originally, it was a scholar’s chair, the root is the “thed”- part)
  • chair (comes from cathedral)
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