Meanings

1.
to put on
(For glasses, hats and headphones. Also for figurative masks and smiles. Often used reflexively - "sich+Dat etwas aufsetzen".)
How useful:
Opposite: absetzen
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2.
to draw up
(For official documents, like contracts and so on.)
How useful:
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Word of the Day - "die Brille"

A fun look at "die Brille", the German word for glasses, and its various compounds that range from dreams to toilets.

Vocab:

die Brille, aufsetzen, absetzen, die Sonnenbrille, die Klobrille,


Word Family

Root: *sed-

The core idea of this root was

sitting

Today, the majority of members of the family are about a somewhat broader sense of “putting down”.
Here’s a little (incomplete) overview:

  • to sit, seat (“sitting”)
  • saddle (“seat”)
  • to set (“putting down”)
  • settle (“sitting down for camping”)
  • soil (“where your settlement is”)
  • session (“the sitting”)
  • seance (“the sitting”)
  • siege (“sitting in front”)
  • sediment (“dust settling”)
  • possess (“sit on”)
  • obsess (“sit on, occupy”)
  • sedate, sedative (“settling”)
  • assist, assistent (Originally, a person sitting next to the judge)
  • assess (see “assist”, originally an assistant responsible for determining fines)
  • size (see “assess”)
  • cathedral (Originally, it was a scholar’s chair, the root is the “thed”- part)
  • chair (comes from cathedral)
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