to set, to put, to place
(The least common of the "trifecta" of placing (setzen, stellen, legen). For "setzen" there is an element of "being carried", but it's really abstract. By itself, it's for instance used for putting money on a bet. It is NOT used in the sense of "settings".)
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to sit down, to take a seat
("sich+Acc setzen" - ONLY for the act of sitting down. The sitting itself is called "sitzen".)
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Word Family

Root: *sed-

The core idea of this root was


Today, the majority of members of the family are about a somewhat broader sense of “putting down”.
Here’s a little (incomplete) overview:

  • to sit, seat (“sitting”)
  • saddle (“seat”)
  • to set (“putting down”)
  • settle (“sitting down for camping”)
  • soil (“where your settlement is”)
  • session (“the sitting”)
  • seance (“the sitting”)
  • siege (“sitting in front”)
  • sediment (“dust settling”)
  • possess (“sit on”)
  • obsess (“sit on, occupy”)
  • sedate, sedative (“settling”)
  • assist, assistent (Originally, a person sitting next to the judge)
  • assess (see “assist”, originally an assistant responsible for determining fines)
  • size (see “assess”)
  • cathedral (Originally, it was a scholar’s chair, the root is the “thed”- part)
  • chair (comes from cathedral)
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