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1.
to fall down
(In the sense of falling from height. Doesn't need to be high at all, but there needs to be a "vertical difference". So it does NOT work for a person falling over on the street. More common with just "runter". "herunter" is for snobs.)
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Opposite: (d)rauffallen
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2.
to drop
("jemandem fällt etwas runter" - German phrases it backwards. So the thing you drop "drops from you". Pretty much ALWAYS "runterfallen", so without the "fancy" "her" that textbooks love so much.)
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My Articles

Prefix Verbs Explained - "auffallen"

"auffallen" looks like an oxymoron - "to fall up". But it's actually a really useful translation for "to notice". Today, we'll learn why. Also: more verbs :)

Vocab:

auffallen, auffällig, die Auffälligkeit, unauffällig


The verb "fallen" - (almost) all Prefix Versions

Vocab:

fallen, auffallen, ausfallen, befallen, entfallen, einfallen, abfallen, anfallen, verfallen,...


Word Family

Root: *pol-

The core idea of this root was:

falling

It doesn’t have any other relatives besides to fall and fallen (and “to fell” and “fällen”) in German and English and it is notably absent from the Latin branch of the Indo-European family. There, the word for falling was *kadere, which is the origin of words like cadence, incident or case.

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Bissell
2 days ago

Trying to nail down the difference between runterfallen und hinfallen. (I think I have), But wanted you to know that the examples above are repeated. There are 4 examples, but 1&2 are the same as 3&4.

Bissell
2 days ago
Reply to  Emanuel

I am using hinfallen when someone falls down / trips, etc. I am using runterfallen when something (an object) falls or is dropped. That should cover most of my day to day usage :)