Meanings

1.
to attack
(Sudden, primal, physical, unexpected and with some “weight” behind it. NOT for armies or professional fighters.)
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2.
to accumulate, to accrue, to arise
(The core idea is "turning up" and it's used in context of costs, work or wastage of some kind.)
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Prefix Verbs Explained - "anfallen"
The verb "fallen" - (almost) all Prefix Versions

Vocab:

fallen, auffallen, ausfallen, befallen, entfallen, einfallen, abfallen, anfallen, verfallen,...


Word Family

Root: *pol-

The core idea of this root was:

falling

It doesn’t have any other relatives besides to fall and fallen (and “to fell” and “fällen”) in German and English and it is notably absent from the Latin branch of the Indo-European family. There, the word for falling was *kadere, which is the origin of words like cadence, incident or case.

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