vor

Meanings

1.
in front of, forward
(for locations. Two-Way preposition so for a destination it's Accusative and for a fixed location it is Dative)
Opposite (closest): hinter
2.
before
(ONLY as a preposition, so if it is followed up with a point in time. The other translations are "bevor" and "vorher" or "davor")
Opposite (closest): nach
3.
ago
(IMPORTANT: "vor" comes BEFORE the time, not after it. IT translates the message of "ago", but it's not the same, functionally speaking. )
Opposite (closest): in

Examples

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Read more

What is the Difference - "hinter vs. hinten"

A fun look at the difference between "hinter" and "hinten" and a broader look at some basic principles of talking about location in German.


Time 5 - Prepositions

We'll go over the important time prepositions in German (bis, seit, vor,...), see what they express and what common mistakes to avoid. With plenty of audio examples :)

Vocab:

vor, in, bis, seit, ab


The meaning(s) of "vorbei"

A fun look at the meaning of "vorbei" and an end has to do with visits.

Vocab:

vorbei sein, vorbeikommen, vorbeifahren, vorbeibringen


German is Easy - QAS -1
The German Preposition "vor"

We'll take a detailed look at the core meaning of "vor" and see if it helps us make sense of the prefix verbs and fixed combinations.

Vocab:

vorgehen, vorhaben, vormachen, Angst haben vor, warnen vor, vor Lachen


"vor" or "bevor" and more - A big Exercise

Word Family

Root: *per

The core idea of this root was:

going beyond, going forth

And a lot of its children revolve in some way around the idea of travelling or exploring – like for instance the German fahren and führen or the English further.
It’s the origin of Latin prefixes like per-, pro-, pro- and also of the Germanic branch around for(e) and German vor, which are all about either “going forth” or a more abstract notion of going beyond a boundary.

The root is also the origin of German fahren and führen  and the English fare, which all come from a sense of travelling, going into the unknown.

You can get a really good understanding of how the core idea can lead to various meanings by looking at German ver-.

The family is very big, but here’s an incomplete list of English members:

  • pre- (mixed)
  • pro-  (mixed)
  • per- (mixed)
  • para- (beyond)
  • to fare, far (venturing)
  • for (from person A to person B)
  • forward, forth, further (going ahead)
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