1.
the same
(officially, the difference to "das Selbe" is that "gleich" is about same kind of item, while "selbe" is about the actual same item. But in practice many people (including myself) use them synonymously)
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The meaning of "gleich"

A fun look at the meanings of "gleich" and why it's "equal" and "immediately" at the same time.


Word Family

Root: *līg-

The core idea of the root was:

the appearance, the likeness, similarity

On the German side, we have gleich (which includes a shortened ge-prefix) which is the word for similar, equal. And we have die Leiche, which means corps, but which originally simply meant someones appearance/body/likeness.

On the English side, the root is the origin of the word like – both the comparing-like and the verb to like, which  might have gotten its meaning from a sense of feeling like something “suits” you, is “like” you.

The root is also the origin of the suffixes -ly and its German counterparts -(l)ich and -lig which originally expressed that something is “like” something. This sense is quite obscure in English now, but we can still see it in the word manly for instance, which means “like a man” – whatever that actually means :).

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