Meanings

1.
to let drain
(For sinks and bathtubs when you let out the water)
Value:
Opposite: einlassen
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2.
to say, to let out
(A colloquial term usually used if someone spills nonsense. Not too common and hard to use idiomatically. Better keep this one a passive word.)
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3.
to let go of
("ablassen von" - usually in context of physical holding, with a notion of fighting. Not very common.)
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Word Family

Root: *le(i)-

The core idea of this root was:

letting go, slacken off, relenting

And we can still see this sense in the English offspring, like last, let, lenient, latter or late.

By the way, the words relax and and release, though they would fit in here, apparently come from a different root.

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