Meanings

1.
to lay down, to put down, to drop
(Works for objects, but it's more common for habits and figurative masks. )
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2.
to store, to file
(For computer files and in offices. The noun die Ablage is more common.)
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3.
to put out to sea
(For ships leaving the harbor.)
Value:
Opposite: anlegen
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4.
to take, to give
(For exams and similar things. Sounds formal and typically not used in daily life to talk about your exams. Also for in some fixed expressions like with "Geständnis" (confession) or "oath" for example. Core theme is "giving, handing in".)
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Word Family

Root: *legh-

The core idea of this root was:

laying, lying down

of course the verbs to lay and to lie belong here, but the root is also the origin of law, lair, ledger, allay and low.  And of lager, which is essentially a German word that means storage.

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