Meanings

1.
to have (switched) on
(For devices, like for instance having the radio on, or having the engine running while standing in front of a building. )
How useful:
Opposite: aushaben
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2.
to wear
(All clothes, except hats and glasses, pretty much. VERY common in daily life. )
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3.
to harm
("jemandem+Dat etwas anhaben" - only for harming people and pretty much only used with modal verbs, mainly "können". Pretty much never actually conjugated by itself. The word there is "verletzen".)
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My Articles

Word of the Day - Prefix Special - "haben"

Most of you know that "haben" means "to have". But "haben" also has a lot of really common prefix versions. Today, we'll go over them with lots of examples.

Vocab:

haben, anhaben, aufhaben, abhaben, mithaben, vorhaben


Word of the Day- "ziehen"

We'll learn the core meaning(s) of "ziehen" and see why its prefix versions are used for clothes as well as moving apartments. Long but super useful.

Vocab:

ziehen, ausziehen, anziehen, abziehen, umziehen, der Zug, der Anzug, ...


Word Family

Root: *kap

The original idea of this root was:

grabbing, grasping

On the Germanic side of the family tree, we have  to have and haben, where it shifted toward the “effect” of grabbing something. Words like heave, heavy, heft and hawk have stayed a little closer to the original sense of grabbing.

In the Latin branch of the family tree, we have the verb capere. This verb meant to take, to hold and it (and its cousins) are the ancestors of a multitude of words like capture, catch, perceive, receive, recover and also cop.

Oh and let’s not forget about principal and prince which originally meant “first one to receive”.

Here’s an (incomplete) list of English members of the family:

  • to have (“effect of grabbing”) 
  • to heave (“grab and lift”)
  • heavy (“something big to lift”)
  • heft (“where you grab”)
  • hawk (“the grabber”)
  • accept (“take to you”)
  • perceive, perception, … (“grasp from outside”)
  • conceive (“take to you” )
  • receive, recipe (“take back and hold”)
  • deceive (“take elsewhere”)
  • except (“take out”)
  • emancipate (“remove from grasp” – ex mano)
  • capture, captive (“take hold of”)
  • chase, catch (“take hold of”)
  • cop (“the catcher”)
  • cable (“originally: rope to catch with”)
  • capacity (“what you can hold”)
  • capable (“what you can take on”)
  • anticipate (“take in advance”)
  • participate (“take part”)
  • principle, prince (“take first (prime)”)
  • occupy (“take over”)
  • municipal (“community taking”)

 

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