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herkommen

Meanings

1.
to come here
(In the literal sense of coming from there to here.)
Opposite (closest): hinkommen
2.
tio come from
(Especially in questions, the "her" can express origin. It can either "bind" to "wo" or to the verb, and in spoken German, it's more often the verb - hence stuff like "... wo ich herkomme")

Word Family

Root: *gwa-

The core idea of this root was:

coming, coming into this world, going

In┬á to come┬áand kommen, the beginning has “hardened” but in the Latin branch of ┬á“venire”, the soft “v”-portion prevailed.┬á “venire” was the Latin word for to come┬áand which we can see in words like invent, prevent or venture.

The root is also the origin of the word base, which got its meaning from an old word Greek word for going, making steps.
That’s also where diabetes is from, which originally was about passing through, specifically urine “passing through”

The most surprising German member is the adjective bequem, which actually ties in quite well with the side idea of “become” as in “to fit, to suit”. Just think of “unbecoming”.

here’s an (incomplete) list of the relatives in English:

  • to come
  • to become┬á
  • base, basis (“going there, making steps”)
  • invent, invention, inventory (“coming in, going in”)
  • prevent, prevention (“coming before”)
  • convene, convent, convention (“coming together”)
  • intervene, intervention (“coming in between”)
  • circumvent (“coming around”)
  • event, eventually (“coming here”)
  • advent, adventure, avenue (“coming ahead”)
  • provenience (“coming from”)
  • revenue (“coming back”)
  • souvenir (“coming along”)
  • diabetes (“passing through”)

 

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