to surround (NOT in a beleaguering sense. Implies a steady surrounding, so not for a transitory, quick surrounding. Also commonly used in contexts of surrounding yourself with something - "sich+Acc umgeben mit".)
based on: geben
Word Family tap to show/hide
The core idea of this root was:
The meaning of geben and to give comes from the idea of grabbing something to hand it to someone, but the family is more diverse than that.
It’s also the origin of the families of habit and hibit, which both come from the Latin verb habere, which meant to hold. That’s also where able is from, which evolved from the word habilitate.
And also part of the family are due, duty and debt. They all go back to a Latin verb debere, which was about the idea of having to give someone something, and which is nothing other than a combination of de- with … habere again.
Here’s a list of the most important English relatives:
- debt (having to give)
- duty (having to give)
- due (having to give)
- able (capable of “holding”)
- habit (something you “hold”)
- inhabit (holding a place and living there)
- inhibit (holding in)
- exhibit (holding outward)
- prohibit (holding/taking away)
- to give
- forgive (give away)
abgebenAbgabeachtgeben (auf)angebenAngabeQuellenangabeAngeberangeblichrangebenaufgeben(d)raufgebenAufgabeHausaufgabeausgebenAusgabeHerausgabeherausgebenHerausgeberrausgebenbegabtBegabungBegebenheitbekanntgebendurchgebeneingebenreingebenergebenergebenErgebnisSinn ergebenes gibt, gibt esfreigebenGiftangiftenentgiftengiftigvergiftenLebensmittelvergiftungVergiftunghergebenhingebenHingabehingebungsvollklein beigebenmitgebennachgebenpreisgebenrübergebenrumgebenruntergebenbegeben (sich)übergeben (sich)ÜbergabeumgebenUmgebunguntergebenvergebenVergabevergebenvergeblichVergebungvorgebenVorgabeweggebenweitergebenwiedergebenzugebendazugebenseinen Senf dazugebenGib's zu!hinzugebenZugabezugegebenzugegebenermaßenzurückgebenRückgabe
With the ever interesting ‘um’ verb prefix having different effects depending on its seperable or inseperable behaviour, pray what does the seperable um-geben mean? Langenscheidt suggest ‘put something around something/somebody?
A separable “umgeben” is not really a thing.
I’m surprised Langenscheidt has a definition for it. Could you share the link?
you need to scroll down to find it …
The heading of the section has:-
umgeben v/t <irr, trennb; -ge-; h>
Hmm, okay, so I would NEVER use it that way and I have never heard it but I would understand it from context and I would assume it’s some regional (Southern) thing to say.
That said, the examples that they list below this section are NOT separable. They’re all examples for inseparable “umgeben”: I think it’s just unlucky placement on their part but yeah… it gives a wrong impression.
Since you use the dictionary regularly, I have a question about usability… I am thinking about making the various sections (meaning, family, comments,…) collapsible rather than how it is now with the scroll buttons. Any thoughts? Whta would you personally prefer?
That’s an interesting idea as it means one can quickly dip into the bit one wants rather than wading through it all. Sounds as if your system will be one up on paper dictionaries. But there are times when perhaps wading is preferable as one often discovers bits that would not otherwise have been learned and appreciated. But I thinks speed first followed by thoroughness.
Regarding your answer above … ‘the limits of traditional dictionaries!’
I confess I have a thing about groups of words, like all the types of gebens or gehens, or laufens etc. So I see umgeben and expect to see um-geben! If only life was that consistent!! :))
Just to make sure… are you aware that when you click the words on the left (desktop) or bottom (phone) the page will quickly scroll to that section?
I’m asking because these functionalities may be clear to me, but that doesn’t mean that they’re actually intuitive.
Anyway, I think I will collapse the sections :)
I’ll check out your hint. By the way as far as I am concerned your Dictionary is always my first port of call, but sometimes I go to others as well to try and get a wider perspective or word patterns that help with my oh so Teflon memory [to use your phrase].