to spend
(ONLY in context of money. NOT for spening time!)
Opposite: sparen
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to buy (a drink)
("(jemandem) einen ausgeben"... it means paying a round for someone.)
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to pass off as
("(sich) ausgeben als" It's about presenting something or someone in a false way.)
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to issue, to hand out
(Only fits in specific contexts. Like handing out food at a cafeteria or handing out weapons before a police raid. AND for computer programs giving a result or prompt.)
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Prefix Verbs Explained - "ausgeben"

A fun look at the meaning of "ausgeben", a useful verb if you want to spend money, invite a friend for a drink or pretend to be a doctor.

False Friends Explained - "spenden vs to spend"

German 'spenden' and English 'to spend' are classic false friends. Today, we'll learn what 'spenden' means, and how to say 'to spend' in various context.


spenden, die Spende, spendieren, die Speise, die Spesen, ausgeben, verbringen

Word Family

Root: *ghabh-

The core idea of this root was:

grabbing, taking

The meaning of geben and to give comes from the idea of grabbing something to hand it to someone, but the family is more diverse than that.
It’s also the origin of the families of habit and hibit, which both come from the Latin verb habere, which meant to hold. That’s also where able is from, which evolved from the word habilitate.

And also part of the family are due, duty and debt. They all go back to a Latin verb debere, which was about the idea of having to give someone something, and which is nothing other than a combination of de- with … habere again.
Here’s a list of the most important English relatives:

  • debt (having to give)
  • duty (having to give)
  • due (having to give)
  • able (capable of “holding”)
  • habit (something you “hold”)
  • inhabit (holding a place and living there)
  • inhibit (holding in)
  • exhibit (holding outward)
  • prohibit (holding/taking away)
  • to give
  • gift
  • forgive (give away)
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