1.
to turn off by itself/be turned off
(The subject is the device that turns off. So you cannot "ausgehen" something. Think of your phone turning off when the battery is too low.)
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Opposite: angehen
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2.
to go out
(In the sense of going to a theater or something. NOT for the general idea of leaving a building.)
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3.
to end
(In the context of stories and events. Fairly common.)
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4.
to assume, to expect, to plan with something
("ausgehen von" - your assumption is a figurative starting position from which you go into the future. Super common.)
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5.
to run out of something (often money or time)
("jemandem+Dat ausgehen" - resources running out from someone. Here, the phrasing is reverse to English. So it's the THING that "ausgehen" you. "Mir geht das Bier aus.")
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6.
to come from, to emanate
("ausgehen von" - Besides that, it's also used for the sense of originating or emanating for things like danger or smells or initiatives)
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My Articles

Word of the Day- "angehen"

A fun look at "angehen" how (or if) its various meanings connect. Also: how to say "That's none of your business." and the super useful phrasing "was... angeht"


German Prefix Verbs Explained - "ausgehen"

A fun look at the various meanings of "ausgehen" and what party night has to do with assumptions. Also: what's up with "rausgehen".


German Prepositions Explained - "aus"

Vocab:

aus, raus, ausgehen, ausmachen, ausfallen, aussehen, ausziehen, ausstellen


The German prefix "aus" (and other words for "out")

Vocab:

aus, ausmachen, ausgehen, ausfallen, raus, draußen, außen, außer, äußerlich, äußern, veräußern


Word Family

Root: *ghē-

The core idea of this root was:

going away, disappearing

This is also commonly considered the origin of to go but other relations are not certain.

The English to go is defective in the sense that it doesn’t have its own past tense form. And it hasn’t had one for more than a thousand years. Instead, it uses the form went, which is taken from the verb to wend. It’s unclear, why to go is defective.

German gehen does have its own past form, but according to German etymologist, the cluster of gehen is actually a combination of two families – one being the one of to go and the other being that of the word of English gang, which ironically was originally about making steps.

Yeah… I know… this was already a bit too nerdy. We’re here to learn German, not do science :)

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