Meanings

1.
to make messy, to bring in disorder, to confuse
(also sometimes used in context of mixing up two)
How useful:
Opposite: sortieren
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What is the Difference - "verwirren vs. verwechseln"

'verwirren' and 'verwechsel' both mean 'to confuse'. But confusing them is confusing. Today, we'll learn what the difference is and when to use which one.


Word Family

Root: *bher-

The core idea of this root was:

carrying, bearing

In particular in the sense of bearing children.
It’s the origin of words like bear and birth and also of the verb to bring, which does involve carrying and also “delivering”, in a way.

In Latin, the beginning got softened there was the verb *ferre, which also meant to carry, and which is the base for dozens of words like infer, transfer or refer.

The German ending -bar, which expresses something like -able, comes from the idea of something being “supportive of”, “carrying of”. A text that is “lesbar” (readable) “carries” reading, if that makes sense.

Here’s an incomplete list of English family members:

  • bear, born, birth 
  • bring
  • burden
  • differ, difference (“carry apart”)
  • infer, inference (“carry into”)
  • transfer  (“carry over”)
  • refer, reference (“carry back, bring back”)
  • suffer  (“being burdened by”)
  • offer  (“bring to, carry to”
  • pheromone (Logic unclear)
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