Meanings

1.
the regulation, the decree
(It's basically a goverment rule, but it doesn't come from parliament and instead from the executive branch. It does NOT really tie in with the meaning of the verb, though the core idea is the same.)
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Word Family

Root: *ar(ə)-

The core idea of this root was:

fitting together

It’s the origin of a quite wide array of words that all in some way are about connecting parts or making parts fit.
Here’s a little (incomplete) overview:

  • arm (bones joined together into a whole)
  • arthritis (“related to joints”)
  • arm (tool fitted together, then “weapon”)
  • armor (again, stuff fitted together)
  • alarm (originally: “to the weapons”)
  • art, artificial, artist, artifact (“stuff fitted together”)
  • article (“part of a whole”)
  • articulate (“to say clearly, as separate parts”)
  • order (“fitted together”)
  • ordinary (originally “according to order”)
  • subordinate (“ordered below”)
  • harmony (“fitting tones”)
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