bei

Meanings

1.
at, with
("be at a location". In German, it is directly combined with names to express that you're at someone's home. More often than not, "bei" does NOT translate to "by")
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2.
while, at, "-ing"
(In the sense of currently doing an activity. A good option to translate the English progressive tense.)
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The meaning(s) of "vorbei"

A fun look at the meaning of "vorbei" and an end has to do with visits.

Vocab:

vorbei sein, vorbeikommen, vorbeifahren, vorbeibringen


The meaning of "dabei"

Dabei is not only a common da-word, it's part of some really cool and useful phrasings like "dabei haben" or "dabei sein". Today, we'll find out all about it.

Vocab:

dabei, dabei haben, dabei sein, wobei


Locations and Prepositions in German - The Quiz

Word Family

Root: *ambhi-

This core idea of this root was:

around, from both sides

It’s probably based on the root *ant, which was about the side, the end.

The original idea is still quite visible in offspring like ambiance, amphitheater or ambiguous.
But there’s way more. There are plenty of words in English where the original idea is more or less obscured, like ambitious or embassy.

And the two syllables of ambhi actually also went their own separate ways. The first one is the origin of German um, which focused on the sense of around.
And the second part is the origin of by, bei and the German and English prefix be- which in a VERY abstract way is about direct impact (from all sides).

Here’s an incomplete list of English family members with a little idea how it could tie in with the origin:

  • ambiance (“all around around us”)
  • ambiguous (“two meanings”)
  • ambition, ambitious (“ambi” + “ire”, originally “going around”. Think of being busy.)
  • embassy, ambassador (“send out and around”)
  • but (“by+out”, originally introducing an exception)
  • about (“overview from the outside”)
  • by (“near, close to” from originally “around”)
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