The meaning of “nämlich”

Hello everyone,

and welcome to our German Word of the Day. This time we’ll  have a look at the meaning of


Nämlich (spelled backward it would be  hcilmän)  is one of those small little words that are both – used and confusing. Sure, it ain’t no doch, but still nämlich  is giving many learners a hard on… erm… I mean hard time, hard time.
And it’s not so much the meaning, it’s more the way it is used that is throwing people off.
Today we’ll take a look at it and see that it’s actually quite easy if you see it for what it is.
Sounds good? Cool.

You might have suspected it already – nämlich comes from der Name and it’s the German version of namely. And the original use of the word was to introduce the names of things that you have only referred to before.

  • In meiner Familie gibt es zwei Veganer, nämlich meine Schwester und meinen Vater.
  • In my family, there are two vegans, namely my sister and my dad.
  • There’s a very common misconception about language learning – namely that it’s possible to do it quickly and without effort.
  • Es gibt einen sehr weit verbreiteten Irrglauben im Bezug auf Sprachelernen – nämlich, dass man es schnell und ohne Mühe machen kann.
  • Dafür, dass ich nicht zur Party komme, gibt es zwei Gründe, nämlich a) dass ich müde bin und b), dass Maria auch da ist, und die will ich nicht sehen.
  • There are two reasons why I am not coming to the party, namely a) I am tired and b) Maria is gonna be there as well and I do not want to see her.

As we can see, in contexts like these, nämlich and namely are pretty similar. But there is a little difference in tone. It’s hard to put into words and maybe I’m wrong but at least to me, namely can be pretty neutral and dry. Nämlich on the other hand always has a bit of “Tadaah!” in it.

  • Yesterday, I went for a few drinks with a colleague, namely Maria.
  • Gestern bin ich mit einer Kollegin was trinken gegangen, nämlich mit Maria.

To me, the English versions sounds very much like pure information. Her name is Maria, that’s the message. The German version sounds a bit more like the fact that it is Maria is somewhat of a reveal. It makes it sound special. Like… maybe I have had a crush on Maria for a while now but I never did anything and now I tell my friend that I finally did it.
Also (as some of you have pointed out in the comments) namely isn’t used all that much in English and I think the German nämlich is way common in statements like the ones above.  As a matter of fact, you can even use it as a sort of question word to prompt the other person to go on already.

  • “Ich hab’ gestern was super super leckeres gekocht.” (speaker pauses)
  • “I cooked something uber tasty yesterday.” (pause)
    Being?/Which was?

This does sound a bit impatient and reserved though. Like… “come on, you want to say it so say it“. So if you’re really genuinely intruiged you’d say “Oh , was denn?”.

Now, so far there was nothing confusing about the word. It has a different tone and it’s more common – no big deal.
The reason we’re talking about nämlich is its other use…. the use as a hashtag.

nämlich – #reason

I mean… not literally, of course :).
The thing is, nämlich has kind of detached from the whole name-origin. I’d actually say many Germans aren’t even aware that there’s a connection. And that’s no surprise because probably two thirds of the nämlichs in everyday speech nowadays are used to express… a reason.

  • “Ich weiß, ich bin dran, aber kannst du ausnahmsweise heute mal die Küche aufräumen. Ich muss nämlich noch echt viel für die Prüfung morgen lernen.”
    “Naa guuuut.”
  • “I know it’s my turn but could you clean the kitchen just this once? Because I really have to study a lot for the exam tomorrow.”
    “Ugh… fine.”

Instead of using weil or deshalb, the speaker uses nämlich to mark the second half as a reason for the first one. And that way of using nämlich isn’t too far fetched, actually.
The more “traditional”, namelynämlich basically introduces a closer look at the what or the who. I say “a colleague” and then I use nämlich to give some more precise info.
The new nämlich does the same. It also introduces more detail. Just that it’s about the why this time.
Imagine there being a “for reasons” in the first part…

  • I’m drinking the beer for reasons … namely, I am thirsty and football is on.

All you have to do here is take out for reasons and boom, you pretty much have the German nämlich… well except one really important feature.
Let’s look at some more examples and see if you know what I’m getting at. I’ll give you a hint… it’s about word order.

  • Können wir bei der nächsten Raststätte mal anhalten? Ich muss nämlich mal.
  • Could we maybe stop at the next service area? Because I have to pee.
  • Heute wird’s bei mir nix mit Kino. Ich hab’ die Kackpräsentation nämlich immer noch nicht fertig.
  • Going to the movies is not going to happen for me today. Because I still have not finished that stupid ass presentation.
  • Du kommst zu spät? Gar kein Problem, ich nämlich auch.
  • You’ll be late?? No problem at all because so will I.

Did you catch it? Nämlich is NOT at the beginning of the phrase. Weil and denn are ALWAYS at the beginning of their section. And deshalb and darum can be.  Nämlich CAN’T be used in the beginning. And that means even though it kind of is a translation for because, you can NOT just replace a weil or a denn with it.

  • Ich gehe schlafen, denn ich bin müde…. correct
  • Ich gehe schlafen, nämlich ich bin müde…. WRONG
  • Ich gehe schlafen, weil ich müde bin… correct
  • Ich gehe schlafen, nämlich ich müde bin... SUPER HYPER WRONG (not sure if I would even understand)
  • Ich gehe schlafen. Ich bin nämlich müde… correct
  • Ich gehe schlafen. Ich bin weil/denn müde… WRONG


The difference between weil or denn is that nämlich is not actually a functional word. It doesn’t know how to do grammatical tasks like conjoining to phrases.
And it doesn’t only have no grammar job, it also can’t answer the question “why ”  by itself, like deshalb can for example. That’s why nämlich is not in position one and it can’t stand alone. . It cannot fill up a box by itself.

  • “Why are you crying.”
    “Because of this/Here’s why.”(shows Whatsapp message from crush)
  • “Warum weinst du?”
  • Warum weinst du?”
    Nämlich“… WRONG

Deshalb can answer the question why alone as long as there is context. Nämlich can never do that. It doesn’t have enough substance for it. So it’s really more like a quick tag that is slapped onto whatever the reason is.

  • Ich muss um 9 zu Hause sein. Ich will nämlich The walking dead gucken.
  • I’ve got be home by 9. I want to #reason watch The Walking Dead.

I hope that makes sense :).
So… you’ll always find nämlich somewhere in the middle of the sentence, right before the part that’s the reason for what has been said before. And yes, nämlich can be at different positions.

  • Morgen habe ich keine Zeit. Ich habe [nämlich] meiner Freundin [nämlich] gestern [nämlich] versprochen, mit zu ihrer Firmenfeier zu kommen.
  • Tomorrow I won’t have time, because I’ve promised my girlfriend to go to the office party with her.

All three positions work but the differences are nuances and it would lead us down the rabbit hole of sentence structure, so let’s not go there today. What matters is that nämlich is NOT in position one.

So since we already have weil and denn and deshalb to express reason, you might be wondering why to even bother with nämlich and why Germans use it so much.
Well, the fact that it’s not at the beginning makes it kind of an understated, cool marking. It doesn’t scream reason  like because does, for example.

  • Den Film kann ich dir echt empfehlen.  Ich hab’ den nämlich gestern gesehen und er ist super.
  • I can recommend the movie. Because… I saw it yesterday and it was great.


  • Kannst du mich mal anrufen? Ich finde nämlich mein Telefon nicht.
  • Can you call me real quick? Because I can’t find my phone.

In both these examples, the second part has interesting news in it that we ALSO mark as reason for what we said before. But reason is not the ONLY purpose it’s there.
This probably sounds quite complicated though. And I’m not sure if that even really does the word justice.
People use it a LOT, and in all kinds of “environments” – short sentences, long sentences, super colloquial speech, newspapers, in masters thesisessis… you “näm” it.. haha.
And actually, in spoken German they even combine it with weil sometimes.

  • Der Film interessiert mich nicht, weil ich nämlich überhaupt kein Tarantino-Fan bin.
  • I don’t care about the movie, because I’m actually no Tarantino fan at all.

I translated it as actually here because I think that kind of captures that Tadah-vibe of nämlich I mentioned earlier.
But there’s no deeper intention behind using weil and nämlich together. It might be simply because “weil ich nämlich” has a nice flow.
So yeah… I can’t really tell you something like “Use nämlich if these conditions apply.” You’ll just have to build a feel for it over time.
But at least I hope you now understand what the word does. It’s like a #reason you can casually slap onto something.

AndI think that’s it for today. That was our German Word of the Day nämlich. If you want to check how much you remember and understood from the article, you can take the little quiz I have prepared for you… erm…. once I’m done. It’s January 26th 2020, Emanuel is grinding quizzes. Seriously, I’ll add it soon.
And of course, if you have any questions or suggestions just leave me a comment. And if you have no questions you can leave a comment, too. I nämlich like to read them :)
I hope you liked it and see you next time.

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1 month ago

Great explanations. But although I understand it, I don’t know if I want to use it. for some reason nämlich is one of those words that sounds a bit cringe to me. it sounds just like namely in english which is incredibly formal and pretty rare. and so using it so casually feels really out of place to me and a bit forced since the sentence already seems complete without it. idk i’ll probably come around eventually lol

Last edited 1 month ago by david_l
2 months ago

Oh Mein Got! all explanations are perfect. I can get it thru my mind and feeling..haha thank youuu

7 months ago

I have a quick question regarding this example sentence unrelated to nämlich at all:

  • Den Film kann ich dir echt empfehlen. Ich hab’ den nämlich gestern gesehen und er ist super.

Why is the second sentence not “Ich hab’ ihn …”? I thought that when using these types of pronouns (forget the exact term), you have to directly be referring to something in a relative clause (for example: Ich hab’ gestern den Film gesehen, den mein Freund dirigiert hat).

2 years ago

I was trying to come up with a fancy elaborate sentence where nämlich could be used BUT I will just type it plain and boring: YOUR explanations are the best! Loveee it! you summarize what could be a tedious and long explanation. Honestly, your work with this website is very helpful for us german learners. thnks

2 years ago

This article is at least 5 years old, and in Jan 26th there still wasn’t any quizzes, this made me smile xDD I would’ve done the same thing xDDDDD

2 years ago

Hello, your website is really didactic and helpful! I just keep thinking, why is it “nämlich meine Schwester und meinEN (Akkusativ) Vater? Why not Nominativ? Vielen Dank!!

2 years ago

Danke schön! :)

Letícia Carneiro
Letícia Carneiro
2 years ago

Finally I could understand the word. Danke!

3 years ago

Thank you for the explanation and examples. You explained the word nämlich clearly. I didn’t understand it before. Even my German teacher couldn’t give the class a clear explanation. She told us that there is no direct English translation. The students all thought it meant namely and couldn’t understand how to use it when it means “because”.

Alan Evangelista
Alan Evangelista
3 years ago

Very helpful post, as usual! I was having trouble to understand the “because” meaning exactly because of the weird position of “nämlich” in the middle of the sentence. Now I understood that there is no specific reason besides “that’s the way it is” and I have just accepted it.


3 years ago

Thanks a lot! That helped me to understand :).

3 years ago

If one word was ever able to capture the essence of a whole article it’s gotta be #reason! *^* ammmaaaazzzzingly cool! now I can accept the reason-nämlich as intuitive. Before it really bugged me whenever I heard it / read it but thanks to you that’ll be a thing of the past :D

4 years ago

This page helps me a lot ! Will subscribe your blog, thank you again
Ayano, from Japan

4 years ago

I love your blog so badly!. I am not a fan of languages but you always start with some funny remarks that just motivates me to learn and read the whole explanation.
I did understand nämlich finally, though I still don’t have the feeling to how to use it. I’ll pay more attention to how it sounds though with the austrian dialect going around me I don’t know if I’ll even notice it, hehe.

Thank you for this!

Juliano Santos Finck
Juliano Santos Finck
4 years ago

Hallo, German-is-easy

Ich habe an dich ein Frage:

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen “nämlich” und “wörtlich”? Ich frage dich das, weil ich bei mir allein dachte, dass sie beinahe das gleich wären. Kannst du eine Differenz ausnehmen?

Ich denke “wörtlich” ist hilfreich wenn man ein Satz “for real” sagen will, der regelmäßig bloß bildlich verwendet wird.

Ich lese dein Blog seit 2016 und es gefällt mir viel, aber ich hatte niemals der Mut, um dir was zu schrein. Deswegen ich genieß, diesen Moment dir zu sagen, daß du bist das Best! Gratuliere und mach’s weiter! ^^

5 years ago

So for the first translation of nämlich , would be the any difference if we used “und zwar”?
Like for example
Dafür, dass ich nicht zur Party komme, gibt es zwei Gründe, umd zwar a) dass ich müde bin und b), dass Maria auch da ist, und die will ich nicht sehen.
Ps: I am not sure about the grammer here but what important for me is the idea :)

5 years ago

“weil ich nämlich…………” = “zumal ich……………” – passt das??

6 years ago

This site is really good. I was looking something like this. Found by accidence.

6 years ago

Super duper cool writing style!!! :) Big like.

6 years ago

Hey! I recently found your blogs..I love ’em, definitely the best on the www. Ich habe eine Frage..
Du hast schon gesagt, dass in einem Satz man ‘weil’ und denn’ sowie nämlich benützen kann..
Und auch mit ‘deshalb oder deswegen?
z.B Morgen kannst du mir helfen? Sicher! Zurzeit bin ich Arbeitslos, deshalb hab ich nämlich veil Zeit…