Word of the Day – “bringen” – and its prefixes

bringen-pictureHello everyone,

and welcome to our German Word of the Day. Today, I checked the date. 18th of December, the day numbering app said. And I was like “Holy crap… I had a dentist appointment two days ag… ” okay it is about to be Christmas and that means presents. Yeay. A present is ein Geschenk in German but we’ve already talked about that last year. So this year will talk about what the under payed, over monitored temporary elves of Jeff Bezos do… uhm…  I mean … Santa Clause. He does it. Today, we’ll look at the meaning of

boringen

Uh… I mean bringen of course. Seriously… bringen doesn’t seem to be all that interesting. It is the twin brother of the English to bring.

  • Bring mir einen Kaffee!
  • Bring me a coffee!

The origin of the word isn’t really known but my personal theory is that the word goes back to the old Indo-European root brrrrrrrrrinnnnng which it is an onomonote… homeopath… uh… omapotato… uhm… an imitation of the sound of the door bell… like… the mail man brrrrinnnnngs a packa… what? Oh… no door bells? Ohhhh… well, it’s just a theory. Oh by the way… have you ever wished your inbox could say “You’ve got femail”… just freaking once?!
Zurück zu Deutsch.
So… the verb bringen seems to be boring but it is full of surprises. For one thing, German speakers much more fond of it than English speakers. In German, you sure make a lot, but you also  bring a lot. And then, there are the prefix versions of bringen and some really have WTF-potential. I mean… umbringen means to kill… really? But let’s look at the bare bringen first.

The basic meaning is the same as in English.

But the German one is also used in contexts where English prefers to take… like for example if you accompany someone.

Bringen is really the standard word for that. And it is not limited to real locations … just as you can bringen someone to a bus stop you can bringen someone somewhere on a mental or abstract level.

And it is not limited to people.

As we see, English uses to get and to make for that. Now, those verbs have in them a notion of achieving or accomplishing something. Like… making it on time or getting things done. And this is part of bringen, too.

And before you ask… it is a dummy es in the last two examples… it doesn’t mean anything. It is just there because grammar says “You have to bringen something, you shall not just bringen.”And since there isn’t anything particular, the dummy es fills in so German grammar is content. Better not to piss it off lest it get out the exceptions.
Anyway… a variation of this accomplishment idea is the verb vollbringen which is a rather positive term for getting something done.

All right. Now… achieving something usually implies some sort of gain or benefit. And that leads us right to the next use of bringen…an important one.

This use is hyper-mega-triple-platinum-afterburner-common. Es or das brings something. There is not exactly the ONE translation for this but the idea is always the same.

I feel like this bringen also kind of exists in English too, but in German it is really incredibly common.
All right. Now, are that all of the meanings of bringen? No, there is one more we should mention and that is bringen as in to have the guts. Or actually it is a general to have what it takes since it works not only for fear but also for moral hesitation or qualms.

So, clearly we have a wide variety of us… oh… and I see we have a call, here. Ekatharina from Novosibirsk‎ in Russia, welcome to the show
“Hi Emanuel thanks for taking my call…. I have a question.”
Sure, go right ahead.
“So… you mentioned all those different meanings like the standard bringing and the abstract mental bringing and the … uhm… the… “
Achieving?
“Yeah, the achieving one and the benefit one and  last one. But I was thinking that they all kind of share the idea of delivery… “
Really?
“Well, I mean… take for instance this super common one  …. the ‘Das bringt nichts’. Can’t we just think of it as if this ‘es’ doesn’t deliver? Like…Grandfather Frost brings me a book about dogs and the book in turn brings me nothing?”
Hmmm…. yeah… that actually makes a lot of sense… it’s even better than the benefit-idea since it is the basic meaning of the verb…
“Yeah… and it works for the others too. For example… Thomas delivered 900 points in scrabble or I don’t ‘deliver’ making a move on the new guy…. I don’t know… to me it makes sense”
Oh wow… you’re totally right. It works. I did not really see the connection but all the meanings are more or less abstract facets of the basic bringing. That’s a really cool view … thank you so much for bringing that up.
“Haha. I was worried you’d say it’s nonsense”
Oh don’t think that. When it comes to those kind of things there is no right or wrong. Whatever makes sense for you and helps you remember… that’s perfect no matter how weird or abstract it is… and yours wasn’t.
“Can I ask another question?”

Na klar!!
“Okay, so .. is bringen the best word for all of those meanings? Like… can I just use it all the time or is it more complicated?”
Hmm… let me think… so, the ones that are safe are the standard bringen, the abstract bringen is very common too and you definitely need the benefit-bringen… the one with “Es bringt nichts” or “Es bringt viel“. As for the others… I’d say it is enough to be aware of them. Using them correctly is not as easy. For instance the daring-one has a very specific tone to it that doesn’t fit in all situations. Same for the achievement one. But I can’t really tell when it’ll work and when it won’t. Does that help?
“Yeah it does… thanks a lot.”
Well thank you. Are you ready for the prefixes now?
“Oh… I’m afraid not… I have to get all those presents you know… I’ll catch up online once this Chrismadness is over.”
Haha.. that’s cool.You won’t miss much anyway. So have fun searching for presents and have a great holiday.
“You too.. bye.”
All right. So… in the remainder of the show we’ll look at the prefix versions of bringen and we’ll start with….

mitbringen

This is probably the first one that comes to mind and the difference to bringen is that for mitbringen, the bringing is just kind of a side effect of something else you’re doing.

Here, I am bringing the book to you. That is my goal and the purpose of my coming to you.

This sentence implies that I am going to you anyway and I could just bring along the book. In English you would probably say bring with me or just bring but German just uses mitbringen and it is kind of strict. Like… you’re having a party and I am invited and I already said I’d come. Then you call me and ask

I would be quite confused. Why do I need to bring you your book? Can’t I just bring it with (me) when I come, later? I mean, people would understand it but the mit is not really optional. There is a difference between mitbringen and bringen and people feel it. So try getting used to the mit.

verbringen

Verbringen means to spend as in to spend time. WHAT? But if you’ve read th.. I mean listened to the show about the prefix ver- you already know how it works. Ver adds the meaning of away here.

A variation of that is (he)rumbringen which is used if passing the time is kind of a chore.

einbringen

This is kind of the idea of to bring in. The ein basically adds a direction to the standard bringing. A common use is with money.

And then there is a reflexive use of it… you einbringen yourself. And that means to take part… for instance in a project or in a discussion.

Should you add that word to you active vocabulary… hmmm… maybe not. I think I use it once a month so “filing” it on the passive pile ought to be enough.

anbringen

This one has two meanings too. The first one is again the literal bringing something with the notion of approach added. You can anbringen an argument in a meeting for instance. But this isn’t all that common. So I won’t give an example. A variation of that is vorbringen which is kind of presenting aurally. Vorbringen is often done by lawyers in court when they make accusations or something.

The other anbringen means to fix something on something… usually on a vertical surface. And that kind of ties in with the whole achievement idea we had earlier.

Theoretically you can also anbringen a sticker on a bumper  but to me that would sound overly technical and more complicated than it actually is.
So bottom line… anbringen is not used that much and it is definitely a candidate for the passive pile.

abbringen (von)

Ab is often the opposite of an so abbringen could very well mean to unfix something. But it doesn’t.

That’s it. Talk someone out of something. It obviously connects to the whole getting people to do stuff idea of bringen. Is it useful? Yes. Is it a must have? Definitely not. Put in on your passive pile :)

unterbringen

Now this is a bit surprising and even more so if you know that überbringen means to deliver as in delivering a message. Unterbringen means… to accommodate, or  to place.

It works for people and for things but the people-use is the more common one, I think. Especially the noun Unterbringung is something you’ll find a lot in context of vacation and travel.
Now, why does this verb mean that anyway? Well, I think it is simply the idea of getting under a roof. 
And is it useful? Well kind of. You’ll definitely see it but there are alternatives for it so once more I’d say… store it on the passive pile. That’s the really big one over there :).

beibringen

Now, finally this is actually a USEFUL word. Beibringen has bei in it which is related to by. To bring by. Hmmm. And to what weird, twisted, absurd meaning could German possibly have bent this?
To teach.
German, you are full of shit.
Beibringen means to teach or to show and it does make sense when you think of it as kind of delivering knowledge or skill to someone.
And there is actually a side meaning of it where it is about passing on information.

You bring by the information. And this is really close to teaching….

Now, I think many of you don’t realize but German doesn’t really have a good word for to teach. A teacher is ein Lehrer and there is the verb lehren but this is actually quite heavy sounding. I wouldn’t want my elementary school teacher lehren me stuff. Erklären (explain) is okay,mich unterrichten in (teach me in) is okay  or beibringen mir (teach me) is okay but lehren… brrr.. so serious.  I’m a kid. I want fun. Same for middle school, high school, college and university. I am a kid. I want fu…okay I guess at university lehren has its place. That’s what professors do at university. Beibringen is the best choice for small things with a limited complexity that involve actively doing something. You can’t really beibringen someone math because that would take decades and it is just fictio… I mean theory. And for REALLY small things, like how to boil pasta… the better choice is probably zeigen (to show) but for stuff like riding a bike, juggling, multiply on paper and so on, beibringen is the best choice.

All right. Now… those weren’t all the prefix verbs. There is wegbringen (bring away), erbringen (rare: deliver in context of performance), umbringen ( to kill… from bringing someone around a corner to rob him), ausbringen (some farm stuff I think), durchbringen (get someone through… for instance a hard winter), and aufbringen (to upset people, to stop and frisk a ship)… hmmm… I  guess the last one deserves an example

But I think that’s enough for today. That was our German Word of the Day bringen. It means to bring but German really uses all the facets of delivery that you can imagine… like getting people somewhere mentally, achieving or accomplishing something, daring something… it’s all kind of in there. But the meanings you really need are the standard bringen, the getting people somewhere on a mental level and the bringen of  “Das bringt nichts” as in “There’s no use/it is pointless.” Those are the ones you should incopr..innorcepa… uhm… add to your active vocabulary. As for the rest. Let it rot ripe on the passive pile.
As always, if you have any questions or suggestions just leave me a comment.
I hope you liked it and see you next time.

for members :)

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briguy
briguy

Prima!!

A few corrections,
You forgot Thomas in the last example
save and safe confusion at the begining of the artikal. And “two day” lol. im not trying to be picky about grammar, but such a good artiacle deserves the editing.

Alberto
Alberto

This was indeed helpful, but I was wondering when you’d bring us the word noch bei (see what I did there, he-he). Anyway just wanted to wish you happy holidays :)

Grateful Reader
Grateful Reader

“Beibringen is the best choice for small things with a limited complexity that involve actively doing something. You can’t really beibringen someone math because that would take decades and it is just fictio…”

Nee, stimme nicht zu. Man bringt doch Deutsch bei… Ach warte, du meinst hoffentlich nicht, Deutsch sei was Einfaches?:-D

Bram
Bram

Ist das ehrlich die Herkunft von „umbringen“ (d.h. jemanden um die Ecke zu bringen, um den zu berauben)?

Grateful Reader
Grateful Reader

“Ist das ehrlich die Herkunft von „umbringen“ (d.h. jemanden um die Ecke zu bringen, um den zu berauben)?”

Es gibt Ausdrücke wie “ums Leben kommen” (sterben) und “ums Leben bringen” (töten). Daraus stammen wahrscheinlich “umbringen” und “umkommen”.

Anonymous
Anonymous

I find your Blog very intersting and informative. And dealing a difficult subject like German in such a fun filled way is something that deserves a standing ovation. Thanks once again.

BristolInBerlin
BristolInBerlin

Thanks very much for your posts – your discussions of small but important language features with reference to everyday German (“das BRINGT nichts!”) are really enlightening.

Another prep-bringen: auf-bringen as “meet (costs), find money for”. I read the other day “weil die kleinen Reichsstände die hohen Kriegskosten nicht mehr aufbringen konnten”.

Thinking this can go on the passive heap, along with “die Alm” and “dürr”, which I also failed in Anki today.

Jay
Jay

English actually has a pretty close analog for the following use:

Das bring ich nicht.
I can’t bring myself to do it.

The X Master
The X Master

Hello again, Mr. yourdailygerman moderator/admin!

I am a little confused over:

Ich bringe dir Jonglieren bei.
I show/teach you how to juggle.

The problem is, this is a common foreigners mistake. Even the most basic of English grammar books will point out that when you are going to teach or show someone how to do something, you must use “will” or “am going to”;

I will show/I will teach you how to juggle.
I am going to show/I am going to teach you how to juggle.

Or maybe you did the English translation that way just for effect, I don’t know.

The X Master
The X Master

I am not a grammar wizard by any means (I wish I were), but I will try to clarify…

You are correct in that one can use “I teach you how to…” in the middle of a sentence, or a title of a video or a heading or whatever.
, and I teach you … (correct)
Here, I show you how to … (correct)
or a video or magazine article title:
I show you how you can make $1000 a day. (correct)

… but in English we distinguish between the simple present and the continuous present and so on. Probably German does as well…

All these rules are grammatical and have to do with the simple present, continuous present, perfect tense, the future perfect, etc.

There are some good sites about ger>eng grammar. Like this one.
http://www.dartmouth.edu/~german/Grammatik/Future/Futur.html

Grammar sure is complicated! :)

leyarn

Dear Emmanuel
on an exercise I found a sentence with mitbringen whose grammar construction I couldn’t understand, so I immediately thought about you ;)
“Sie bringt eine Torte mit zur Ferien”. Now, if mitbringen is trembar and this is a single sentence, shouldn’t it sound like “Sie bringt eine Torte zur Ferien mit?” Why is the mit not at the end of it?
thank you very much :)

Alex
Alex

Hi leyearn – I’m not Emmanuel; I’m not even German. But you hear this kind of pattern, which doesn’t adhere to “the rules”, a lot in spoken German. Actually, “kommst du mit ins Kino?” (will you come with [me/us] to the cinema?) sounds to me something I would be as likely to hear here as “kommst du ins Kino mit?”.

In my grammar book (Hammer, para 666ff in my edition) it calls this the “freer word order” [free as in freedom!], and notes that it especially often happens with a prepositional phrase (e.g. zur Ferien, ins Kino) after a separable prefix or past participle that otherwise comes at the end of a phrase. i.e. just like your example. So both are correct and fine. A real German can say which (if not both) sounds more natural.

Anonymous
Anonymous

Ich bringe dich dazu, meine Hausaufgaben zu machen.

It seems this idea can be expressed also with “kriegen”:

Ich kriege dich dazu, meine Hausaufgaben zu machen.

Is it correct? If so, is there any difference? Perhaps one verb expresses a strong force, like “make” and “get”in English? I always have the feeling that “make someone do something” always implies some sort of forcing, while the “get” version may imply “persuading” or “shrewdly manipulating”…

Philippe-Antoine Bilodeau
Philippe-Antoine Bilodeau

I’d like to point out that the two first meanings of “bringen” (the physical and abstract ones) seem to be a mix between the English meaning of “bring”, like you said, and the French meaning of “amener”. In French, “on amène quelqu’un à l’aéroport”, “on amène quelqu’un à faire quelque chose” and, less frequently, “on amène quelqu’un à rire” (We would more often say “faire rire” though). Moreover, “Das bringt nichts” literally translates into “Ça n’amène rien” with the same neutral personal pronoun. I feel like this meaning is also really close to the abstract meaning of getting someone to do something, except that you add a layer of abstraction because of this impersonal pronoun.

alokgarg47

Does Beibringen always mean to teach by showing?
I used beibringen in my test to make a point that ‘the parents should beibringen adults with contraceptives and all’. Now, I have a post-test hangover that probably beibringen would mean teaching by the means of showing.
What would be the right verb for this then?

I find this hilarious though. Haha. I would never ever forget this word.

demoneyes136
demoneyes136

I was looking for a good thread to ask this question, and then I found what is clearly the perfect place!

Does “durcheinanderbringen” have the longest prefix of any German separable verb?

This longest-prefix question occurred to me when I found “auseinandernehmen” but then I wondered if “durcheinander-etwas” also existed, which I found it did – “durcheinanderbringen”. So are there longer separable prefixes than this, in either letters or syllables…? *grin*

Amerikanerin
Amerikanerin

Does one “lachen machen” or does one “lachen bringen” if one makes people laugh. On purpose, as in, telling a joke to make people laugh. Has the joke teller “bringen” or “machen” the “lachen”?

sawtoothtrev
sawtoothtrev

Having just read the article on the prefix “be”, I wonder if the evolution of “bringen” is similar to that of “bleiben”. On an abstract level, if you take “ringen” as a translation of “to grapple”, then “be-ringen” sort of makes sense – though I may be totally off-base here.

Pax
Pax

Hi!
Recently I’ve realized that I have no idea which German verb I should use if I want to make somebody carry something to a certain place and leave it there. I mean, like asking a co-worker, for example, to go to the secretary’s office and give her some documents from me as I can’t or don’t want to do it myself.

Initially I thought about something along the lines: “Kannst du bitte die Unterlagen ins Sekretariat bringen?” but then, rereading the sentence, I have the gut feeling that this can be said solely by the person who is already “im Sekretariat”. I, on the other hand, want the said co-worker to TAKE the documents from where we currently are to the “Sekretariat”.

So I was thinking also about “nehmen”, as in “Kannst du bitte die Unterlagen ins Sekretariat nehmen?”, but I’m afraid that German “nehmen” is not so broad as its English counterpart and I’m being too simplistic. Perhaps something with “hin” would convey the idea of “bringing” in the opposite direction (not “towards me” but “away from me”), like in “Kannst du bitte die Unterlagen ins Sekretariat hinbringen?”, but then again I don’t want to sound oxymoronic (or simply moronic :) ), considering that in your examples (except the one with Bahnhof) “bringen” generally implies movement towards the speaker. In other words, I don’t want to mix two contradictory elements like “hin” and “holen” (I won’t even be surprised if you should now tell me that something like this exists :) ).

Hope I make myself clear. By the way – great blog! High time I became a member. See you on the other side!
Cheers

Anon
Anon

Thomas der alte Scrabble-Fuchs hat es mal auf 900 Punkte in einer Runde gebracht

Could we have used “gemacht”
Is there a context where one is preferable
And this what you meant by context of achievement up there?

Sentences and notes

Mein Hund bringe mir viel Glück ein.

Also, isn’t “an teilnehmen” or “teilhaben” better options for participte/take part ?

“anbringen an argument is not common so I won’t give an answer” How dare you ;)

I habe abgebringen, am Montag Fußball zu spielen

I think I need more unterbringen and rumbringen. Mabye

Ich bringe die welt bei (Aladdin music starts playing)
Ich bringe/zeige dir,wie einen Knoten bindet (how to tie a note)
Ich bringe dir,wie ich rauchen aufzuhören.
Kann ich die Bücher über dein Kompf unterbringen?
Ich meine nicht dir aufzubringen

Both wegbringen and ausbringen seem to have a good share of meanings though. I do my homework :). I will try other verbs too

Irrelevant to main post

Maria ist sehr aufgebracht, als sie erfährt, dass Thomas mit Freunden golfen ist, und nicht, wie er gesagt hat, auf Arbeit

How did you structure this? Als can mean “after”. It seems I am still a German baby. Well, I just hope my sentence are gut. Bis bald.

Suggestion : Mabye a post focused on proverbs and idioms?

Anon
Anon

I just would like to apologise since all my comments are mentle energy destroyers

Dr.smart
Dr.smart

Would You say this a good resource? I am trying to connect einbringen with these examples.
https://context.reverso.net/translation/german-english/einbringen

Can also einbringen be used in idiomatic sense ( Earn some ones trust, Ear

Anon
Anon

I mean a sentence like this. Earning someone’s trust

You can earn my trust by working hard. Translation —> Wenn Sie hart arbeiten,bringen sie mein Vertrauen ein