and welcome to our German Word of the Day. This time we’ll have a look at the meaning of
Lenken is one of those words that many learners somehow miss out on even though it is something we do every day. No wonder, because can lenken can be done to all kinds of things… bikes, cars, companies, rivers, attentions, lives and more. Quite a selection, right? The thing that all these have in common is that they move. And lenken is about giving the movement direction.
Today we’ll find out how exactly to use lenken, what related words there are and of course what’s up with the prefix versions one of which is really really really important in context of THIS.
Haha… the second one… so cute. Anyway, where was I. Uh yeah… so are you ready to dive in and find out about lenken? Great :).
Lenken comes from the old Germanic noun lanca which once was the word for hip. No, not Chai-Almond-Latte-with-Choco-Chia-Drizzle-hip. The other hip. The one where that chai latte settles down as fat. Lanca comes from one of the many Indo-European roots for bending, and the original idea was simply part where the body bends. In German this evolved into the very useful word Gelenk which is the word for all joints.
- Mein Handgelenk tut weh.
- My wrist hurts.
- Maria ist sehr gelenkig.
- Maria is very limber.
Lanka is also the origin of the word link, and this word actually kind of combines all the idea of the family. A link in a chain is bent, a chain itself bends, and the links are kind of like the joints (Gelenke) of the chain. But that’s not all. Today there’s another kind of link. The internet link. And what do those do? They direct us somewhere. Just like lenken :). Because that’s what lenken is all about… giving direction to a movement.
And now with the history out of the way, let’s look at lenken in action.
And we’ll start with some examples from traffic where it means to guide or to steer.
- Ich lenke nach links.
- I steer left.
- Selbstlenkende Autos sind keine Zukunftsvision mehr.
- Self-guiding cars are not a vision of the future anymore.
- Ich lenke also bin ich.
- I steer therefor I am.
(real book title of a book about biking in Berlin… word play with the famous “Ich denke also bin ich”)
And here are a couple of important nouns:
- Das Lenkrad lässt sich schwerer als normal drehen.
- The (steering) wheel is harder to turn than normally.
- Ich hab’ einen Kaffeehalter an meinem Lenker.
- I have a coffee cup holder on my handlebar.
But as we’ve mentioned it’s not limited to traffic so let’s look at some other examples, too.
- Lenken sie nun all ihre Aufmerksamkeit auf ihren kleinen Zeh.
- Now, direct all your attention into your small toe.
- Thomas will seine kreative Energie in nützliche Bahnen lenken.
Lit.: Thomas wants to steer his creative energy into useful tracks/orbits.
- Thomas wants to channel his creative energy in a useful way.
- Frau Schmidt lenkt den Konzern seit über 10 Jahren.
- Mrs. Smith has been at the helm of the corporation for more than 10 years.
- Der Mensch denkt, Gott lenkt.
- Man proposes, God disposes.
The translation of the last one (common idiom, at least in German) is a bit odd. I guess the translator took some liberty because he or she wanted a rhyme but … in a normal contexts lenken is definitely NOT be a good translation for to dispose.
Anyways… now let’s get to the prefix versi… oh hold on, there’s a call here. Henne from Norway, welcome to the show. What can I do for you
“Hey Emanuel, so great to be on the show. I have a question…. well two actually”
Sure, go right ahead.
“Cool, so I’m confused about steuern. I’ve heard that used in context
of cars and I was wondering if there’s any difference to lenken.”
That’s a great question… steuern is actually the direct brother of to steer and the whole “helm” of a car for example is usually called das Steuer but as a verb itself it is not used that much for cars and not at all for bikes. It kind of sounds bigger, heavier, clunkier than lenken, and I wouldn’t use it in any of the examples we had.
“Oh okay… so it’s more the vibe than the meaning.”
Yeah… lenken sounds smooth… oh and also, lenken is a pretty continuous act and closely connected to direction. Steuern is also used for controls that only give one instruction per hour. Like… imagine a computer that turns on your coffee machine at a certain time… you can call that steuern but not lenken. Does that help?
“Yeah I think I got it. Great, thanks so much.”
Oh thank you for calling, this was a great question. Maybe I’ll actually do a WotD on steuern.
“Oh you mean because it also mean t…”
Hello, hello Henne are you there? Hmmm weird, I guess the connection failed.
Anyway, now let’s get to the prefix versions. And there’s one which is really really really useful: ablenken.
Ablenken is about directing something off the track or trajectory. In real world contexts it translates to deflect.
- Thomas schießt und sein Mitspieler lenkt den Ball unhaltbar ab.
- Thomas shoots and his teammate deflects the ball making it unstoppable.
But the really important use is about “de-routing” an abstract thing… our attention. Ablenken is THE word for to distract.
- Die besten Tipps wie Sie sich vom Rauchen ablenken.
- The best tips how to take your mind off smoking.
- Das Geräusch lenkt mich ab.
- The noise distracts me.
- “Wo warst du?”
“Äh… ich… sag mal , ist das Hemd neu?”
“Lenkt nicht ab!” (SUPER COMMON!!!)
- “Where have you been?”
“I … uh… hey, is that a new shirt?”
“Don’t try to switch the topic.”
There’s are also two common related words… die Ablenkung and abgelenkt.
- Nacktpicknick neben der Landstrasse führt zu größtem Auffahrunfall in 10 Jahren – alle waren Zitat “kurz abgelenkt.”
- Nude picnic causes biggest pile-up (car accident) in 10 years – everybody was quote “distracted for a second”
- Maria und ihre beste Freundin machen heute Ablenkungsshopping.
- Maria and her best friend want to go distraction shopping.
Theoretically there is also ablenkend which would be the equivalent to distracting but nobody uses it. You could use störend or nervig or you could just make a normal sentence.
- That sound is distracting.
- Das Geräusch stört/nervt/lenkt ab.
- He has a distracting voice.
- Er hat eine nervige Stimme./Seine Stimme ist nervig.
Besides ablenken there are a few others. Umlenken is just a general term for changing abstract directions, einlenken is about changing the direction in a discussion and coming around to the course of the other party. Umlenken is mostly used for changing of abstract courses and auslenken is mainly used in physics in context of moving something out of the normal position.
Here are some examples…
- Wenn ein Drucker nicht geht, kann man den Druckauftrag auf einen anderen Drucker im Netzwerk umlenken.
- If the office printer isn’t working you can redirect the printing order to a different printer in the network.
- Thomas signalisiert ein Einlenken beim Putzplan.
- The party signals relenting in the matter of the cleaning schedule.
- Die Auslenkung der Feder/Amplitude ist jetzt maximal.
- Now the elongation/displacement of the coil/amplitude is at its maximum.
but neither of those is really common so I’d say… passive pile.
The one you need is this one.
… …. hahaha… at 0:45 the move… so funny…. hahah.. oh my God that is so cu… oh… oh sorry, I forgot we’re still on. But I think we’re done for today anyway :).This was our German Word of the Day lenken. It is related to link and it’s a continuous rather hands on way of giving direction. It’s THE word for steering cars and bikes but it also works for abstract stuff.
As always, if you have any questions or suggestions or if you want to try out some examples just leave me a comment. I hope you liked it and see you next time.
** vocab **
lenken – to steer, to direct (continuous process)
die Lenkung – the steering
das Lenkrad – the (steering wheel)
der Lenker – the handlebar (also used for managers)
ablenken – to deflect, to distract, to divert
die Ablenkung – the distraction (both good and bad), result of a diversion
das Ablenkungsmanöver – the diversion
abgelenkt – distracted
einlenken – come around, give in, relent
umlenken – change direction (all kinds of abstract stuff, not really for cars and bikes)
auslenken – to displace, to deflect (physics)
die Auslenkung – displacement, elongation (for a coil for example)
das Gelenk – the joint
das Handgelenk – the wrist
das Sprunggelenk – the ankle
gelenkig – limber
ungelenk – ungainly, bearish