Practice Adjective Endings

Hello everyone,

spring is coming and that means it’s time to do some working out to get the body in a nice beach shape. Wait, that’s not what people mean by beach body, is it?
Anyway, a beach body is nice, but of course we all want another thing even morererer… the perfect beach German.
And that’s why we’ll also do a little work out. And this time we’ll train something that MANY of you have neglected:

Adjective Endings

Yeah, you can sigh all you want. Deep inside you know it’s time. And you can do it. It’s gonna be tough but you got what it takes. Endings are beasts but they can’t best you. You will prevail. You will stand tall. I can see the sparkle in your eye. That’s a winner right there. You’re a freaking Spartaaaaaaaaaaan.
Uhm…. sorry, I think I lost it for a second :).
But yeah… are you ready to end some adjectives?
Perfect!

How it works

We’ll use the same kind of work-out that we used a while back for the written past. I’ll give you a sentence in which the adjective ending(s) missing and you have to fill them in. You can either write it down but it’s actually better if you read the sentence out loud because getting used to the rhythm is actually a BIG deal for adjective endings. The solution is right next to the example in audio form. I’ll say the adjective with the proper ending first, and then the whole sentence in normal speed, so you don’t only work on your endings but also on your listening skills.

The examples are super messy. Hah… what a statement :).
But yeah, they’re super messy in so far as that they’re not grouped up in any way. Weak, strong and mixed declension, genders, the cases – they’re all mixed together.
Now you’re all freaking out because it sounds super difficult, but first of all, that’s how it is in real life, too. And second of all, it’s actually not that bad. Because you should get about 70% correct WITHOUT caring about what case you’re looking or what declension it is.

We’ve talked about this in detail in our mini series on adjective endings but I’ll give you the essence here real quick.

Step 1

Add an “e”. You ALWAYS have to do that. !!!! No thinking required!!!!
Adjectives always get at least an “e” and it’s a HUGE difference in rhythm. In English you say

  • one big cold beer
  • bam bam bam bam

In German, it is

  • ein großes kaltes Bier
  • bam babam babam bam

Get used to the German rhythm. It makes a HUUUUGE difference and the best thing about it is… it’ll get you 1/3 correct answers in this exercise (in real life a bit more). 1/3 correct without ANY THOUGHT? That’s a pretty sweet deal. If you want to read more on that, check out this article:

Step 2

Check out the article of the word. If it is weird, then add an “n” to the “e”. Weird articles are all those that are not “natural”. So all those ending in -en or –em or -es like keinem or seinen or den and also der for feminine words.
For the natural articles, add nothing.
Let’s do a couple of quick examples…

  1. der groß__ Mann
  2. der groß___ Frau

The first one is der Mann, that’s a natural article and so we won’t add “n” and get “große”. Correct. In the second one, we have Frau, which is feminine but the article is “der”. That’s a weird article for Frau so we’re gonna add “n”. Großen. And that’s correct. And if there’s no article… well.. then just give it a guess :).
For a more detailed look with some statistics to back up the system, check out this post:

This step should get you 70% to 75% correct answers. Enough to pass a test. And you still didn’t have to think about cases or weak or strong or all that crap. I think, that’s pretty neat. The only step that really needs some brain work is the last one.

Step 3

Check out, if the article marks the gender (and the case). If not, add the marker to the adjective. It can not be summed up in a nutshell. So if you feel ready for some nerdy stuff, you can read it here.

Even if you only understand half of it, that’s fine. remember – the first two steps are enough to pass a test.

Now, you might be like “Okay, okay Emanuel but there’s one problem… I don’t know the gender of stuff.”
Yes, gender gets in the way of these kinds of exercises. And that’s why we’ll take it out of the equation by color coding it :)

masculinefeminine – neuter

Cool.
Now, you will most likely make mistakes. Don’t get frustrated. Think about the mistake, and if you can’t figure out what you did wrong, then ask me. Let’s talk about it in the comments and clear it up.

And one quick fix: adjectives after (et)was ALWAYS get “es”. Was Schönes, was Großes, was Grünes – get used to that rhythm :).
And now, I’d say…

viel Spaß :)
(Of course you don’t have to do it all at once. Half of it at a time might be enough.)

The exercise

Apologies for the varying audio quality. My mic was very noisy and I had to do quite a bit of processing. I hope it’s bearable :).
Oh, I chose not to add a full translation but rather just the words that I think might be new.

***

1.Ich trinke das groß____ kalt____ Bier.

2. Die Wohnung hat eine schön____ Küche.

3. Maria hasst die weich___ Matratze von Thomas.

4.Thomas kann auf der neu___ hart___ Matratze von Maria nicht schlafen.

5. Gestern war der kürzest___ Tag des Jahres.
6. Grün___ Tee hat auch Koffein.
7. Ich trinke gerne schwarz____ Tee.
8. Warum ist hier so eine schlecht____ Stimmung (mood, vibe)?
9. Der heiß___ Kellner (waiter) heißt Karl.
10. Maria flirtet mit dem heiß____ Kellner.
11. Das ist kein groß___ Problem.
12. Heute war irgendwie ein anstrengend___ Tag (exhausting).
13. Das ist eine sehr sehr gut___ Idee.
14.Das ist eine der best___ Ideen, die du je hattest.
15. Thomas bringt seinen alt___ Computer zum Recyclinghof.
16. Ich bin in einer halb___ Stunde da.
17. Roh___ (raw) Fleisch kann gefährlich sein.
18. Von einer halb____ Pizza werde ich nicht satt.
19. Ich muss dir was Wichtig___ erzählen.
20. Wenn wir die letzt__ Bahn (train) kriegen wollen, müssen wir uns beeilen (hurry).
21. Maria hatte ein Date mit einem russisch___ Balletttänzer.

***

22. Ist noch was von der lecker___ Olivencreme da?
23. Die Seife hat einen faszinierend___ Duft (scent).
24. Das war ein wunderschön___ Abend.
25. Thomas hat ein dreckig___ T-Shirt an.
26. Ich musste eine halb___ Stunde auf die Bahn warten.
27. Hast du schon von dem vegetarisch___ Chili gekostet?
28. Thomas ist mit seiner neu___ Frisur unzufrieden.
29. Nächst___ Donnerstag muss ich zum Zahnarzt.
30. Nächst___ Woche habe ich Urlaub.
31. Thomas hat gesagt, dass Maria in dem grün___ Pullover fett aussieht.
32. Das war das best___ Konzert auf dem ich je war.
33. Thomas sagt, dass er von vegan___ Essen nicht satt wird.
34. Thomas schreibt mit der link___ Hand, aber er wirft mit der recht___ .
35. Ich gucke einen sehr spannend___ Film (suspenseful) .
36. “Was wollen wir gucken?”
“Was Lustig___”
37. Der klein___ Bruder von Maria arbeitet jetzt in dem neu___ Biomarkt um die Ecke.
38. An der deutsch___ Sprache kann man verzweifeln (despair).
39. Mit diesem rostig___ Fahrrad willst du in den Urlaub fahren??
40. Es ist kein groß___ Fehler, wenn man eine Adjektivendung falsch macht.

***

Phew you made it. Awesome. How did you do? How many did you get right? Let me know in the comments. And let me know if you have any questions or things you’re struggling with. We’ll do a part two of this exercise, and part one is also to find the things that are unclear.
Oh and also … how are you liking this format? Is it okay? Is it too confusing? Looking forward to your feedback.
I hope you enjoyed it, as far as that’s possible with adjective endings.
Ich wünsche euch eine schön___ Woche und bis nächst___ Mal :).

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polina
polina
2 days ago

I don’t really understand how to get the answers and check yourself

Reena
Reena
13 days ago

Learn german

Andrei
Andrei
6 months ago

29 Why nächstEN?
My thought process is this:
Tag is masculine, singular -> without an article before the adjective so it should be nächstER for me

Anonymous
Anonymous
6 months ago

69

Anonymous
Anonymous
6 months ago

kannst du mir mit frage 69 helfen?

Anonymous
Anonymous
6 months ago

es ist sehr gut,ich liebe dich.
Ich hatte deutsch seit drei jahre gelernt und was denkst du von meine deutsch?
Und hattest du ein freundin oder kann ich deine freundin bekommen?

Anonymous
Anonymous
7 months ago

SO NICE

Alien
Alien
8 months ago

Why the heck it changed to ‘ Deutschland’ when I meant Deutsch-_- ,,this is so unfair T-T

Alien
Alien
8 months ago

I would the exercise was helpful I may problem with ohne artikel but I will soon cover that up. I didn’t do all of it just some 21-22 for practicing my exam. And it was actually really helpful and it removed my nervousness about Adjective endugen.
Ich bedanke dich für diese frage. Aber Deutschland ist nicht sehr einfach hehehe

Anonymous
Anonymous
8 months ago

good job. I loved it.

alphawell
alphawell
8 months ago

I suppose the reason the main verb (gehen is inferred) is omitted in:

Nächst___ Donnerstag muss ich zum Zahnarzt

is the same as in Russian, where we use to say:

В следующий четверг мне нужно {идти} к дантисту (literally Next Thursday I must {visit} the dentist)

Stimmt das?

alphawell
alphawell
8 months ago
Reply to  alphawell

Ah, übrigens, warum ist es “Nächsten”? Ich dachte passende Form ist “Nächster”. Steht Donnerstag in Akkusativ?

alphawell
alphawell
8 months ago

Hi, Ace! Kannst du mir bitte erklären warum das Wort wichtiges in

Ich muss dir was Wichtig___ erzählen

kapitalisiert (großgeschrieben) ist? Das ist ist doch Adjektiv!

alphawell
alphawell
8 months ago
Reply to  alphawell

Entschuldigung für doppelt ist

Fran
Fran
8 months ago

Danke. Ich bin Privatlehrerin und ich werde diese Übungen mit meiner Studentin anwenden. Wo kommen Sie her? Ich kann einen leichten Akzent erkennen :)

Casey
Casey
9 months ago

Hello, just confused why it’s GrunER Tee and SchwartzEN Tee? Thank you!

jannabeans
jannabeans
8 months ago
Reply to  German-is-easy

Yes I had this same question!

In #6, it’s “GrunER Tee hat auch koffein.”
In #7, “Ich trinke gerne schwartzEN Tee.”

Is this just because Tee is the Main Subject in 6, so it’s nominative hence takes the ‘der’ ending, whereas in 7 Tee is the Object, dative case, ‘den’ ending?

Starbuck
Starbuck
11 months ago

I find it hard to pronounce the difference between “kalte” and “kalter”. I can hear the difference on your recordings because you’re pronouncing it really clearly and slowly, but when I hear people talking at normal pace I can’t hear any difference at all.

Maybe it’s because I don’t pronounce the letter r much in my English accent, as I’m not from a part of England with rhotic r’s so my ear is not tuned to it, I don’t know.

Anonymous
Anonymous
11 months ago

Do you have an easier way of remembering the no-article endings because I missed almost all of those. Thanks for the exercise too!!

chin
chin
1 year ago

um how do i check my results

Anonymous
Anonymous
1 year ago

perfect thanks

wallisgreen
wallisgreen
1 year ago

I liked the exercise. I missed 7 and 29 and one other that when I heard the answer I understood why. I read below why 29 is like it is. Now it will take lots of practice and learning the genders…nicht sehr einfach aber möglich

Anonymous
Anonymous
2 years ago

Thanks so much, this really helped! Deutsche Sprache, schwerige Sprache, wie sie sagen :))