Word of the Day – “gelingen”

Hello everyone,

and welcome to our German Word of the Day. And today, we’ll take a look at the meaning of

gelingen

 

Gelingen is one of those weird words many of you have probably missed for some reason, even though it is quite useful and common.
And it’s one of those verbs that have ge- as an actual non-separable prefix, not just a past marker.
And if you’re now like
“We DO NOT know what you’re talking about, Emanuel, this is advanced stuff….”
let me tell you that you, all of you, know at least one other example for these kinds of verbs… gefallen :).
The two actually kind of fit together, both grammatically and thematically… something that mir gelingen will probably dir gefallen.
But I’m getting ahead of myself …

The origin is the allegedly ancient Indo-European root *legu̯h-. This root expressed the idea of light in weight and it’s not only the origin of light and the German leicht, but of the name for the lung (die Lunge), which literally meant something like the light one.
Now, many of you probably know that German leicht is not only the word for light in weight, but also for easy (light in required effort).
And that’s the key to the meaning of gelingen. Back over a thousand years ago, there was a verb lingen, which basically expressed the idea of “can be done easily”.

Back then, the ge-prefix was still a regular prefix like be- or ver- and the idea it expressed was that of completion. I’ll talk more about that in the book on German prefixes that I’ve been about to finish for years now. This book definitely can’t be done easily :).
But yeah, so while lingen itself was more about an easy process, the prefix version gelingen was focused on the result.
Now, anyone who has a team, or contractors, or kids, or a partner or flatmates will know that, just because something is easy to do that doesn’t mean that it’ll be done well.
But there’s at least a loose correlation, and so it makes sense that the result focused gelingen soon shifted toward the meaning to turn out well, be a success. And while its prefix-less brother lingen completely disappeared, gelingen is still in use and basically hasn’t changed the meaning at all.

  • Mit diesen Hacks gelingt die Zwiebelsuppe immer.
  • With these hacks, onion soup always turns out a success/succeeds.
  • Man kann nicht erwarten, dass alles auf Anhieb gelingt.
  • You can’t expect, that everything turns out a success/works at the first try.
  • Nach zähen Verhandlungen ist es gelungen, einen Putzplan zu erstellen.
  • After tough negotiations drawing up a cleaning schedule wound up a success.

Few things to note here. First up… the pun in the first example. Hacks… onions… it’s hilarious.
Then, in the second example, we can see that the spoken past of gelingen is formed with sein and gelungen.
And then, in neither of these examples do we have the people (who are) actually doing the stuff.
If we want to include them actually doing the stuff, we make them the indirect object with the Dative case.

  • Mit diesen Hacks gelingt mir Zwiebelsuppe immer.
  • With these hacks, the onion soup turns out a success to me.
  • Nach zähen Verhandlungen ist es uns gelungen, einen Putzplan zu erstellen.
  • After tough/dragging negotiations, we succeeded a cleaning schedule.

Note the role flip? Instead of saying “I succeed at something”, in German you kind of say “something succeeds to me”.
I am making an onion soup, the onion soup “succeeds” to me.
We are negotiating a cleaning schedule, the cleaning schedule “succeeds” to us.
So yeah, gelingen can be a translation for to succeed BUT… it is the PROJECT that does the gelingen, not the person doing the project.
Let’s look at a few more examples, so you can get a feel for it…

  • Ich versuche seit Monaten, ein Six-Pack zu bekommen, aber es gelingt mir einfach nicht.
  • I have been trying for month to get a six pack, but I just don’t succeed/can’t get there.
    “Lit.: … it doesn’t become a success to me.
  • Maria ist gelungen, was Thomas seit Jahren vergeblich versucht.
  • Maria successfully did what Thomas has been trying unsuccessfully for years.
    Lit.: To Maria turned out a success, what Thomas…. ”
    (here, we only know from context what case Maria is)
  • Fast wäre es Thomas gelungen, Maria zum Karaoke zu überreden.
  • Thomas almost succeeded at talking Maria into singing Karaoke.
    (Lit.: it almost would have been a success to Thomas…)
  • Wie es der Einhornherde gelungen ist, jahrelang unbemerkt im Stadtpark zu leben, ist nicht klar.
  • How the unicorn-pack managed (“succeeded at the task of living…” ) to live in the city park for years without being noticed is unclear.

Now, if you’re now wondering if that isn’t really similar to schaffen, then you can give yourself a pat on the back… because you’re spot on. Schaffen is kind of the mirror version of gelingen

  • somethinggelingt” to me
  • I “schaffe” something

In fact, we could rewrite all the examples we just had with schaffen and the message wouldn’t change.
Here’s a back to back comparison of two of them…

  • …, aber er schafft es einfach nicht.
  • …, aber es gelingt ihm einfach nicht.
  • Maria hat geschafft, was Thomas….
  • Maria ist gelungen, was Thomas….

If you want, you can try the other two. But beware… dig too deep and you might wake up something you’d rather have dormant. A question. A question about… es. Dun dunn dunnnnn!!
Anyway… in daily life, for the everyday challenges, schaffen is definitely more common. Gelingen is nice if you want to use more “refined” language. But it’s worth giving it a try every now and then, because it’s more common than you think.
Cool.
Now of course, let’s give the related words a quick mention. First up, we have the ge-form gelungen, which can be used as a slightly posh sounding adjective for well made/good.

  • Ohne die letzten 2 Minuten wäre es ein gelungenes Date gewesen.
  • Without the last two minutes it would have been a good/successful date.
    (successful NOT in the sense of … well… THAT sense)

Then, there’s the noun das Gelingen, which is the success, in the sense of successfully doing something.

  • Prost, auf gutes Gelingen!
  • Cheers, to success!
    (could be a toast for the kick off for a project at work, NOT after doing it)

But the one that’s REALLY useful is the verb misslingen. The grammar and phrasing is the exact same as for gelingen, and I think you can guess what this means… to turn out a failure.

  • “Der Pizzaboden ist mir ein bisschen misslungen.”
    “Ein bisschen?! Der ist so dick wie mein Kochbuch.”
  • “The pizza base is kind of a fail (to me).”
    “A little?! It is as thick as a cook book.”
  • Statistik-Witze – misslingen 11 von 10 mal.
  • Statistic jokes – they fail eleven times out of 10.

And that’s it for t… oh, hold on… I see we have a call…. Chia-Jung, from Taiwan, welcome to the show.
“Hi Emanuel, I have a quick question… I hope I’m not too late.”
No, no, don’t worry, go ahead.
“So, could you tell us the preterit of gelingen with an example? I use that for my flashcards.”
Oh… of course, I’m sorry I forgot. It’s gelang….

  • Wem der erste Motorflug gelang ist umstritten.
  • Who successfully did the first motorized flight is subject of debate/disputed.
    Lit.: “To whom the first motorized flight turned out a success… “

“Uh… wait… gelang or gelangen, I feel like I’ve seen both. “
Haha…yeah, gelangen is also a thing. But that is a separate verb. It’s about the notion of getting somewhere, reaching a location.
“Ohhhhh… is that like longing combined with the notion of completion that ge- used to have.”
Uh… yeah, you’re spot on!! I couldn’t have explained it better.
“I know. I know a lot about you, Emanuel.”
Wait… this voice… Cuddle-Fur the Third, is that you?
“Yes. And I’m coming for you, Emanuel. You left me in the woods to die, just because I am a talking cat. Now I’m back to take my revenge. I’ll take over your show, then your girl and then your life… *hangs up”
That’ll never gelingen to you, you demon. Do you hear me? Never.
Ugh… this cat. So spiteful.
Anyways, that’s it for today folks. This was our look at the word gelingen and even though the ending was a bit misslungen, I hope you had fun and learned a bit.
As usual, if you want to check how much you remember, you can take the little quiz we have prepared for you.
And of course, if you have any questions or suggestions just leave me a comment.
I hope you liked it and see you next time.

 

further reading:

Word of the Day – “folgen” 2 (erfolgen)
Word of the Day – “schaffen”

 

** vocab**

gelingen = to turn out well, be a success
mir gelingen = to succeed at something
gelungen (adj) = well made/good
Prost, auf gutes Gelingen! = Cheers, to success!
misslingen = to turn out a failure

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Jalal
Jalal
1 month ago

Thank you for this Emanuel. I learned this verb last week and I looked it up in 3 different dictionaries to get a feel for how it is used in different sentences but none of those examples were half as good as yours in this article. I found this article very helpful. The quiz summed up what you explained in the article very well! Thanks.

gallia_a
gallia_a
9 months ago

In the example “Man kann nicht erwarten, dass alles auf Anhieb gelingt.”, “auf Anhieb” is translated as “at the first attempt”.
I found “hieb” as the Präteritum of “hauen”, but even after reading your article on “hauen” I couldn’t make sense of this meaning.

Could you please elaborate a bit on this? Or is Anhieb coming from a totally different verb?

gallia_a
gallia_a
9 months ago
Reply to  Emanuel

Yes, that image will help remembering this meaning
Thank you

Peter
Peter
1 year ago

Hallo

Kann “gelangen” auch im uebertragenen Sinne verwendet werden, also im Sinne von “ein Ziel erreichen”? So in diesem Satz:

Diese konnten wiederum eigener Trojaner einschleusen, um etwa an Bankdaten zu gelangen.

Das Ziel ist es, die Bankdaten zu erreichen/zu bekommem?

Vielen Dank

Anonymous
Anonymous
2 years ago

Thank you to the other members who made it possible for me to get a free membership. German is easy has been most helpful.

Pentatomidae
Pentatomidae
2 years ago

sein… so I was taught that gets used for the past tense when there’s a change of state or place (so going to the shops or growing old). So I guess the change here is a change of state to the state of being successful? Is that the right way to think about it?

Alan
Alan
2 years ago

Heute ist es der Einhornherde gelungen, Wanderersuppe zuzubereiten.

Amerikanerin
Amerikanerin
2 years ago

Great post, as usual! But where’s the Quiz?

That last bit about “gelangen” as in getting somewhere. Is it used just like gelingen but only in the context of getting somewhere instead of succeeding with something? Only literally, as in “Mir gelange es ins Bora Bora” / “Mir ist ins Bora Bora gelangt”?

Zu? Nach? In?

Your explanation of gelingen / schaffen being interchangeable (Heads up: dativ / akustativ switch between gelingen / schaffen) really cleared things up for me.

Helpful post but you need to raise your lovely assistant’s wages – I need that Quiz!

berlingrabers
berlingrabers
2 years ago
Reply to  Amerikanerin

No, it only looks like “gelingen.” Grammatically it’s a pretty normal “motion” verb like “kommen,” so it’d be “Ich bin nach Bora Bora gelangt.” The preposition depends on what the normal “destination” preposition would be for where the subject is going – “nach Hause,” “zum Bahnhof,” “ans Ziel” (Duden’s examples).

I think a good working gloss at least in AE would be “to make it [to] somewhere” for the literal sense, or “come to / arrive at” in the figurative sense. Duden gives a couple examples:

– Der Brief ist nicht in meine Hände gelangt.
– The letter didn’t make it into my hands.

– Ich bin zu der Erkenntnis gelangt, dass du damals recht hattest.
– I’ve come to the realization that you were right back then.

One other construction is “jemandem zu Ohren gelangen,” but there the dative is the person whose ears are the destination.

berlingrabers
berlingrabers
2 years ago
Reply to  Emanuel

I’ve heard at least a few here and there, but all the examples came from the Duden site. Really only the English explanation is my own work.

Honestly, I just wanted to take the opportunity to teach myself, since it’s a useful word that’s not really all the way in my active vocabulary, at least for those idiomatic uses, and I figure helping somebody else is a good way to try to get them into my head. I definitely opened your article thinking “I really hope he’s going to mention ‘gelangen'” – it took me a long time to stop mixing the two verbs up.

Anonymous
Anonymous
2 years ago
Reply to  berlingrabers

Kopfweh=
Ich lese den Satz mehrmals und denke nach-

”Ich bin zu der Erkenntnis gelangt, dass du damals recht hattest.”

Zuerst dachte ich, daß Du damals Unrecht gehabt hast.
Jetzt bin ich einer anderen Meinung und bin
zu der Erkenntnis gelangt, daß Du damals recht hättest.”
????
subjunktive ??

Kartoffel-Trauben-Sandwich
Kartoffel-Trauben-Sandwich
2 years ago

Check these sentence please

Wir müssen einen Weg finden,uns ein Jahr zu gelingen
I thought about phrasing it that way, although it does carry the same meaning ” Dieses jahr wird zu einem Erflog (zu) machen” I seen that construction being used before,although I have no idea when I have to use the second zu to complete “zu + infinitive constructions” Now, I will attempt a Schaffen –> “Wir schaffen diese Jahr,doch zuerst mussen wir einen weg finden”

Another sentence
Dieses Übung gelingt/misslungt mir
Ich schaffe dieses Übung
Eine gelungene Karriere hängt Mich ab

Also, what is purpose of “es” in the “aber es”?
I remember verbs where Ich (verb) es, ….
Es is just there for no reason. I remember seeing one of those on here,but cannot remember exactly what. If I remember, I will mention it in that thread

Now, for suggestions for future episodes

I cannot grasp these verbs/words and I think some others might be in the same postions

zusetzen
hinhören

Words like “jedoch,doch”. While they aren’t hard to use. They are used unnaturally. For example, I was told Jedoch doesn’t usually start a sentence.

Kartoffel-Trauben-Sandwich
Kartoffel-Trauben-Sandwich
2 years ago
Reply to  Emanuel

0) Thank you and sorry for the Flood

1) I was trying to say this year will turn out Successful. Using
a) gelingen
b)etwats (Akk) zu einem Erflog (zu) machen.
The second zu is used in (zu + infinitive)
Link: https://www.linguee.com/german-english/translation/zu+einem+erfolg+machen.html?cw=358

2) Are they alright beacuse of context (the first 2 examples)

3) aber er schafft es einfach nicht. ( I dug too deep :)

4) with hinhören, Ik it used for listening in direction apart from the speaker. However even with dudens examples, I struggle to use it. As for zusetzen, I remember seeing it, I didn’t look too much into it yet so it might not be as horrible ( had 5 meanings – I think on duden though). If those verbs aren’t this common, are there any common verbs I should try to read about that you would recommend?

5) As for jedoch, I was told it’s better in the middle, but it can start a sentence. Thanks for clarifying it’s not wierd

6) Do you like my name ;)

7) To other learners ” Wenn Sie diesen Blog lesen, werden Sie, zweifellos, ein Profi. Nahmen Sie die Information des Blog auf”

Kartoffel-Trauben-Sandwich
Kartoffel-Trauben-Sandwich
2 years ago

I am sorry for imposing but can you clarify How you would structure the issue in 1?

Kartoffel-Trauben-Sandwich
Kartoffel-Trauben-Sandwich
2 years ago

wir müssen einen weg finden,so dass gelingen dass Fest.

Wir müssen einen weg finden,das fest zu einem Erfolg zu machen

I attempted them again.

Arlen
Arlen
2 years ago

Thankyou all for helping me get the membership. And special thanks to germaniseasy team for making it possible.

Angela Chambers
Angela Chambers
2 years ago

Doh.. even though I know the noun, I chose the wrong answer for that question! I don’t remember you mentioning the noun form?
Great post..an Interesting verb.
Ich musse zugeben, dass es mir nie vorher gelungen ist, ‘gelungen’ zu benutzen.. Ich have immer ‘schaffen’ benutzt, well es leichter ist!

Alan
Alan
2 years ago

Vielleicht ist es der Einhornherde gelungen, unsichtbar zu werden?
I think I would struggle to recall this in conversation as schaffen is easier but really interesting.

Angela Chambers
Angela Chambers
2 years ago
Reply to  Alan

A unicorn herd blending unnoticed into a city park is a very original idea! :)

fairyhedgehog
fairyhedgehog
2 years ago

Danke schön. Das Thema war sehr nett.

Elsa
Elsa
2 years ago

Oh, I forgot I have a question:
Could you explain to me why “Maria ist gelungen, was Thomas seit Jahren vergeblich versucht” is not “Es ist Maria gelungen, was Thomas seit Jahren vergeblich versucht”, since we now have the person (Maria), instead of just the object?
Cheers

Elsa
Elsa
2 years ago
Reply to  Emanuel

Got it, thanks!

Elsa
Elsa
2 years ago

Hello,
Words that aren’t gelungen:
flatmates is just one word
“in neither of these examples, we have the people actually doing the stuff” – sounds clunky! – “in neither of these examples do we have the people (who are) actually doing the stuff” – Me being picky? Yep! Me not wanting to miss the opportunity to show you an example where English is using an inversion, thus pulling a German on you? Also correct!
“it is what the PROJECT does the gelingen” (it the PROJECT that does the gelingen)

Thanks for another WotD; this time I have no questions!
Bis bald!