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Dictionary > Indo-European Roots

  • *(s)lei-
    (Indo-European Root)
    1. slime, gliding (Notable family members in English are slick, slime, lime (stone), slip, slight and delete.)
  • *(s)lē̌b-
    (Indo-European Root)
    1. weak, without inner tension (This root is based on German etymological findings. The English sources do not trace that back to Indo-European and instead say that the origin of words like "schlafen" or "labor" is unknown.)
  • *deru-, *dreu-
    (Indo-European Root)
    1. "firm, hard, strong" (This root grew into an impressive tree and is the origin of English words like trust, true, tree, duration, trough, tar and druid. )
  • *gno
    (Indo-European Root)
  • *kap
    (Indo-European Root)
    1. grabbing (This is also the root of the Latin branch of "capere", which is where words like capture, perception, cop and many others are from)
  • *klei-
    (Indo-European Root)
    1. to lean, to be inclined (Notable English members of the family besides "to lean" are words like client, climate, climax, clinic, decline and a bunch of similar words. )
  • *kleng-
    (Indo-European Root)
    1. "to bend, to turn" (There are several Indo-European roots that revolve around the idea of bending. This one is the origin of English words like "link" and "flank" but it has more relatives in German. )
  • *magh-
    (Indo-European Root)
    1. being able, having power or potential (The most famous members of the family are "may", "might" and their German counterparts "mögen" and "Macht". But this root is also the origin of words like "magic", "machine" and "mechanic" - the common theme is quite obvious once you think about it :))
  • *seku̯-
    (Indo-European Root)
    1. following, pursuing (The original sense of this root was about following, tracing but from there it shifted toward following with the eyes and eventually it evolved into "to see". The original sense is still visible in "sequel" or "sequence".)
  • *sleg-
    (Indo-European Root)
    1. "be slack, without tension, lax" (Notable English members or that family besides "slack" are "release", "relax" and "sleep".)
  • *u̯id-
    (Indo-European Root)
    1. seeing (This root is the origin of words like vision or the video, but in German, it also evolved into the verb "wissen" which is about "knowing".)


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